Tangelos have seeds
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Oranges / Tangerines / Tangelo
There are two major varieties of oranges: Navels and Valencias which are primarily grown in Florida and California. Depending on the time of year determines which variety and which origin is best. The main difference between the two is the seeds, Navels are seedless and Valencias have seeds.
Navel oranges are easy to spot they’re the ones with the button on the opposite end of the stem. Considered the world’s finest orange for eating, navels are seedless, and they peel and segment easily. California navels are available from November through May, with peak supplies in January, February and March. The Florida navels are usually available a month earlier and peak in late November and December.
Valencia oranges-often called summer oranges are actually available from February through October, with peak supplies in May, June and July. California valencia oranges are small to medium sized, with a few seeds. They are usually thin-skinned, very sweet and are easy peeling . The Florida valencia are very sweet but are not as easy to peel as the California varieties, which make them a great orange for slicing and making juice.
Blood oranges are known for there dark orange to red flesh. Blood oranges have been very popular in Europe for many years but are gaining popularity in the United States. There are several varieties of the blood orange. These are the Tarocco, the Sanguinello, and the Moro. Of these, the Tarocco has the greatest popularity in Europe and is grown primarily in Italy. The Sanguinello is grown in Spain, and is an almost seedless variety. It tends to have a deeper red color. The Moro is most commonly grown in the California and tends to have the darkest flesh. If one is really going for that deep crimson in juices or dishes prepared with the blood orange, the Moro may be the best choice.
Moro oranges which are available from January through mid April. Moros are small to medium sized with a thin skin and few or no seeds. Slice open a Moro and you’ll see a dramatic and beautiful bright red to deep maroon interior. Take a bite and you’ll become a fan of the intense orange taste that hints of fresh raspberry. Moro are part of the blood orange family
Cara Cara oranges, a type of navel grown in California’s San Joaquin Valley, are available January through April. Their outward appearance is similar to other navels, but their interior is a distinctive pinkish red and has an exceptionally sweet flavor with a tangy cranberry-like zing. Cara Caras are a rich source of Vitamins A and C, fiber and Lycopene. A perfect snack served as wedges, they’re also a colorful addition to beverages or squeezed into a vinaigrette salad dressing.
The Tangerine: The Citrus Jewel of the Orient
The tangerine is a small citrus fruit that is actually a variety of Mandarin orange. There are many varieties of tangerines or closely related citrus fruits that are often marketed as tangerines. Most varieties of tangerines have a loose skin and are easier to peel than oranges, and some are seedless. Here is a list of some of the common varieties of tangerines and when they are available:
Clementine – the most popular variety of tangerine, it contains very few seeds and has a glossy, dark orange peel. Clementines are often sold with the leaves attached. They are in season from mid-November to January.
Dancy – they have a dark red-orange thin peel, a fairly large number of seeds, and an excellent tart-sweet flavor. They are in season from mid-December to January.
Fairchild – known for their easy to peel “zipper skin,” Fairchild tangerines are one of the earliest varieties, available from mid-October to January.
Honey – also known as Murcott or Honey Mandarin, this variety has a thin skin, many seeds, and is very sweet and juicy. They are in season from January through April.
Royal Mandarin – also known as Temples, these are tangors, a cross between a tangerine and an orange. They are larger than other varieties of tangerines, and their tart-sweet taste is closer to that of an orange. They have very few or no seeds, and are available from mid-January to mid-March.
Satsuma – Satsumas have a lighter colored orange peel and bright orange flesh. They are less acidic than some of the other varieties, and are often sold in cans as Mandarin oranges. They are available from mid-October to the end of December.
The cousin to the tangerine is a cross between mandarin and a grapefruit or pomelo depending on the variety of tangelo.
Minneola/Honeybell Tangelos – is a citrus fruit hybrid of the ‘Bowen’ grapefruit and the ‘Dancy’ tangerine. This fruit was first released in 1931 by the United States Department of Agriculture Horticultural Research Station in Orlando. The Honeybell Tangelo fruit is extremely juicy and sweet with a slight tartness. Its rind and flesh are both a bright orange in color, a deeper shade than that of an orange. The Honeybell, or Minneola tangelo has a very short (4 week) harvest during January and February. The name “honeybell” comes from the fruit’s pear, or bell shaped appearance.
Orlando tangelo – is an early maturing tangelo is noted for its juiciness, mild and sweet flavor, and flat-round shape with a characteristic knob and large size. California/Arizona tangelos have a slightly pebbled texture, good interior and exterior color, very few seeds, and a tight-fitting rind. Orlando tangelos are available from mid-November to the beginning of February. It originated as a cross between a Duncan grapefruit and a Dancy tangerine.
Tangelos have seeds 440.248.5222 28560 Miles Road, Solon, Ohio 44139 Fruit Local Homegrown Organic Produce Seasonal Fruit & Gift Baskets Nut and Candy
Citrus paradisi × Citrus reticulata
Tangelos range from the size of a standard sweet orange to the size of a grapefruit, but are usually somewhat necked at the base. The peel is fairly loose and easily removed. The pulp is often colorful, subacid, of fine flavor and very juicy. The trees are large, more cold-tolerant than the grapefruit but not quite as hardy as the mandarin. Nucellar embryos are not uncommon in these hybrids and most of the cultivars are self-sterile, so a majority come true from seed. Tangelos are not commonly grown in California but are produced commercially and in home gardens in Florida. They are much more satisfactory on limestone in southern Florida than the sweet orange and are prized for their quality.
Among the better-known tangelo cultivars are:
|Plate XIX: TANGELO, Citrus × tangelo|
‘Minneola’ a hybrid of ‘Bowen’ grapefruit and ‘Dancy’ tangerine; oblate, faintly necked; medium-large, 3 1/4 in (8.25 cm) wide, 3 in (7.5 cm) high; peel deep red-orange, thin, firm, not loose; pulp orange, with 10-12 segments, melting, sweet-acid; of fine flavor; 7-12 small seeds, green inside. Late in season. Ships well. If crop is left too long on tree, the next crop will be light. Bears better if honeybees are provided and if ‘Temple’ tangor is interplanted as a pollenizer, but the ‘Temple’ is not as cold-hardy as the ‘Minneola’, and the trees tend to crowd each other. The ‘Minneola’ needs fertile soil, irrigation and adequate nutrition. Effects to increase production of seedless fruits include spraying the blooms with gibberellic acid, or girdling during full bloom. The former reduces fruit size and the latter may induce virus outbreaks causing scaling and flaking of the bark.
‘Nova’ a ‘Clementine’ tangerine and ‘Orlando’ tangelo cross made by Dr. Jack Bellows in 1942, first fruited in 1950, and released by the United States Department of Agriculture’s Horticultural Field Station, Orlando, Florida, in 1964. Fruit is oblate to rounded, of medium size, 2 3/4-3 in (7-7.5 cm) wide, 2 1/2-2 3/4 in (6.25-7 cm) high; peel is orange to scarlet, thin, slightly rough, leathery, easy to remove; pulp dark-orange, with about 11 segments, of good, sweet flavor; seeds numerous if cross-pollinated; polyembryonic, green inside. Early in season (mid-September to mid-December). Does very well on ‘Cleopatra’ rootstock. The tree resembles that of the ‘Clementine’ tangerine, its twigs are thornless, and it is more cold-hardy than ‘Orlando’. This cultivar is self-infertile and trials have shown that ‘Temple’ tangor is a good pollenizer.
‘Orlando’ (formerly Take’)result of ‘Bowen’ grapefruit pollinated with ‘Dancy’ tangerine, by Dr. Swingle in 1911. The fruit is oblate to rounded, of medium size, 3 in (7.5 cm) wide, 2 3/4 in (7 cm) high; peel deep-orange, slightly rough, not loose; pulp deep-orange, with 12 to 14 segments, melting, very juicy, sweet; seeds 10-12. Early in season but after ‘Nova’. A good commercial fruit in Florida. Needs cross-pollination by ‘Temple’ tangor, or by ‘Dancy’ or ‘Fairchild’ tangerines. The presence of honeybees, even without interplanting with a pollinator tree, has greatly increased yields. ‘Cleopatra’ mandarin is often used as a rootstock on sandy soils, but higher yields have been obtained on sweet lime and rough lemon in Florida. In Texas, ‘Orlando’ is most productive on ‘Swingle citrumelo’, ‘Morton citrange’, ‘Rangpur lime’ and ‘Cleopatra’ mandarin. Fruit quality is best on ‘Morton citrange’, sour orange, ‘Sun Cha Sha Kat’, ‘Keraji’ and ‘Kinokune’ mandarins.
‘Seminole’ a hybrid of ‘Bowen’ grapefruit and ‘Dancy’ tangerine; oblate, not necked; medium-large, 3 1/4 in (8.25 cm) wide, 2 3/4 in (7 cm) high; peel deep red-orange, thin, firm, almost tight but not hard to remove; pulp deep-orange with 11-13 segments, little rag, melting, of fine, subacid flavor; seeds small, 20-25, green inside. Early in season but holds well through March. Tree vigorous and high-yielding, scab-resistant; leaves with faint or no wings, tangerine-scented.
‘Thornton’ a tangerine-grapefruit hybrid created by Dr. Swingle in 1899; oblate to obovate, a little rough and lumpy, puffy with age; medium-large, 3 1/4 -3 3/4 in (8.25-9.5 cm) wide, 2 7/8-3 1/4 in (7.25-8.25 cm) high; peel, light-orange, medium-thick, almost loose, easily removed; pulp pale- to deep-orange, with 10-12 segments, soft, melting, juicy, of rich subacid to sweet flavor; seeds slender, 10-25, green inside. Matures from December to March. Tree vigorous and high-yielding, large-leaved, well adapted to hot, dry regions of California. Fruit is a poor shipper.
|Fig. 40: The ‘Ugli’ tangelo of Jamaica is believed to be a chance hybrid between a Mandarin orange and a grapefruit.|
In January 1942, Kendal Morton purchased fruits on the New York market, sent 2 to Dr. H. Harold Hume of the University of Florida, and 4 to Dr. H J. Webber of the University of California, Riverside. Dr. Webber was able to examine them only at the Quarantine Station but he wrote up the description for the first edition of the book, The Citrus Industry, by Batchelor and Webber. He planted the seeds and reported that, of 13 seedlings, 6 had strongly mandarin-scented leaves, 3 had weak-mandarin scent, and 4 had leaf-scent reminiscent of grapefruit or sweet orange leaves. Dr. Webber passed on in 1943 before he could carry out his plans to bud 2 trees from each seedling. Dr. W. P. Betters, Associate Horticulturist, reported that in 1947 the 4 seedlings still in the nursery were bearing fruit, mostly in May-June; the fruits averaged 6 in (15 cm) in diameter, the peel was orange-yellow with a slight tendency to regreen in the spring, the albedo was very thick and fibrous, the flavor of the orange, juicy pulp was good but with a grapefruit tang, and there was, on the average, one seed in each segment. These trees were destroyed in 1951 because they were in the path of campus development, but budwood was taken for propagation and the new trees were beginning to bear in 1954. The ‘Ugli’ was considered a good fruit for home dooryards in California and was being tried as a rootstock for lemon. The ‘Ugli’ is little known in Florida. James McClure of Lake Placid has a few trees that bear in February. There are small groves of ‘Ugli’ in South Africa. In New Zealand a similar fruit has been grown since 1861 as “Poor-man’s orange”, or “Poorman grapefruit”.
Tangelo Citrus paradisi × Citrus reticulata Tangelos range from the size of a standard sweet orange to the size of a grapefruit, but are usually somewhat necked at the base. The peel is fairly