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What Happens To Your Body The Morning After Smoking Weed

Why you feel blah after eating that brownie.

If you’ve ever been hungover from drinking, then you already know how one night of boozy indulgence can really mess with your mood, well-being, and productivity the next day. And you might have found yourself in a similar sitch the day after eating both halves of a pot brownie. But are weed hangovers real? Some cannabis consumers swear they’ve endured weed-related hangover symptoms, but the experience is far from universal.

If you’ve experienced weird symptoms after staying away from weed for a while, it’s possible that your body has become used to a certain amount of cannabis regularly, and is having difficulty adjusting. “Marijuana withdrawal would be a more appropriate name for [a weeed hangover]” Dr. Scott Braunstein M.D., medical director of healthcare organization Sollis Health, tells Bustle. But a lot of the research on cannabis hangovers is based on people who use it heavily, seven times or more per month, and there’s not a lot of studies about occasional users and how they feel the morning after a big night.

With all of that in mind, here are four commonly reported symptoms of a weed hangover, why they happen, and what you can do to make yourself feel better if you ever experience one.

1. Headaches

Dr. Jordan Tishler M.D., an emergency medicine physician and cannabis specialist, tells Bustle that headaches are more likely to happen while you’re still intoxicated. If your head aches the morning after, you might just be dehydrated. A review of cannabis withdrawal symptoms after heavy use published in Current Addiction Reports in 2018 found that headache was a common symptom, along with chills and shakiness. It’s not really clear why this happens, but it’s possible that it’s to do with brain activity.

“Cannabis binds to neuron receptors, and has a complicated effect on neurotransmitters in the brain,” Dr. Braunstein says. “In chronic users, the brain becomes accustomed to a high level of dopamine.” Dopamine is is a neurotransmitter that plays a big role in sensations of pleasure and reward. Without cannabis, dopamine levels can crash possibly leading to migraine, as one 2017 study published in Neurology found. But it’s not clear if all these puzzle pieces fit together for weed smokers.

The next time you spend your Saturday night getting baked with friends, just be sure you’re drinking plenty of water before, during, and after your cannabis adventures.

2. Brain Fog

Of all the reported symptoms of a “weed hangover,” Dr. Tishler says brain fog and fatigue are the ones he anticipates. “The mechanism is unknown, but I suspect largely related [to] over-stimulation of the CB1 receptors.” These are the main receptors in the brain where cannabis ‘docks’, giving you all its positive effects.

If you smoke regularly and then stop, it could mess with your cognitive abilities. “If marijuana use is discontinued, dopamine levels drop and within about one week, the person can feel a state of anxiety, restlessness, irritability, and even depression,” Dr. Braunstein says. This is why cannabis is seen as psychologically addictive, he says; it gives you a hard emotional time if you go through withdrawal. An overview of cannabis withdrawal in 2017 in Substance Abuse & Rehabilitation found that irritability, restlessness, disturbed mood, depression, and anger could all appear as symptoms.

Other than coffee, good food, and lots of sleep, one way to deal with brain fog is to get out and exercise. Try going for a long walk or run, then cool down with some yoga, and take a hot (or cold) shower afterwards. It may not make your mental fogginess go away completely, but you’ll definitely feel sharper and more alert.

3. Feeling Dehydrated

While studies show that THC can bind itself to the CB1 receptors on our salivary glands, causing them to dry up — aka, dry mouth — Dr. Tishler tells Bustle that dehydration isn’t directly caused by weed. “Dehydration and dry eyes are really not related to cannabis,” he says. If you’re feeling dried out the day after consuming cannabis, it’s probably because you were already dehydrated when you started smoking; or it might be because you didn’t remember to hydrate while you were getting lifted.

Dehydration is pretty easy to avoid. To rehydrate and recover after waking up dehydrated, drink lots of water, and chow down on water-rich fruits and veggies throughout your day.

4. Fatigue

For the most part, weed can actually help some people fall asleep more quickly and stay asleep longer. But if you smoke weed before bed, it’s possible that your high could be messing with the quality of your sleep, ultimately making you feel fatigued the day after you smoke. A study published in 2017 in Psychopharmacology also found that withdrawal from cannabis meant a rise in poor sleep quality, so if you’re a heavy user going without for a while, you might feel a bit more tired.

Naturally, the best way to remedy this hangover symptom is by getting lots of sleep — but if that’s not an option for you due to work or social obligations, then all you can really do is try to treat your body well throughout the day. Drink coffee and water, eat healthy meals, go for a long walk, and consider taking the day off from weed.

The Bottom Line

Dr. Tishler says time is really all any cannabis consumer should need to get back to “normal,” and he advises practicing moderation in all things. “If you’re experiencing weed hangover, likely you’re using too much,” Tishler says.

Also worth remembering? Any product that claims to relieve a pot hangover is likely too good to be true. “There are many products claiming to address this problem, or over-intoxication in general, and I’d advise staying away from them,” Dr. Tishler says. “There is no science yet to suggest that these products are effective, and since they are not regulated at all, there’s no reason to expect that they are safe to use.”

Readers should note that laws governing cannabis, hemp and CBD are evolving, as is information about the efficacy and safety of those substances. As such, the information contained in this post should not be construed as legal or medical advice. Always consult your physician prior to trying any substance or supplement.

Dr. Scott Braunstein M.D.

Dr. Jordan Tishler M.D.

Baron, E. P., Lucas, P., Eades, J., & Hogue, O. (2018). Patterns of medicinal cannabis use, strain analysis, and substitution effect among patients with migraine, headache, arthritis, and chronic pain in a medicinal cannabis cohort. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s10194-018-0862-2

Bonnet, U., & Preuss, U. W. (2017). The cannabis withdrawal syndrome: current insights. Substance abuse and rehabilitation, 8, 9–37. https://doi.org/10.2147/SAR.S109576

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Jacobus, J., Squeglia, L.M., Escobar, S. et al. Changes in marijuana use symptoms and emotional functioning over 28-days of monitored abstinence in adolescent marijuana users. Psychopharmacology234, 3431–3442 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-017-4725-3

Mathew, R. J., Wilson, W. H., Turkington, T. G., & Coleman, R. E. (1998). Cerebellar activity and disturbed time sense after THC. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9666122

Piper, B. J., Beals, M. L., Abess, A. T., Nichols, S. D., Martin, M. W., Cobb, C. M., & DeKeuster, R. M. (2017). Chronic pain patients’ perspectives of medical cannabis. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5845915/

Prestifilippo, J. P., Fernández-Solari, J., de la Cal, C., Iribarne, M., Suburo, A. M., Rettori, V., … Elverdin, J. C. (2006). Inhibition of salivary secretion by activation of cannabinoid receptors. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16946411

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This article was originally published on Oct. 14, 2015

Cannabis withdrawal can feel like many different things, but people commonly report these four symptoms of a weed hangover.

After Years of Daily ‘Wake ‘n’ Bakes’ I Faced My Battle with Psychological Weed Addiction

This article originally appeared on VICE Canada.

For the past six years or so, I’ve started my day with the same mantra. I peel my eyes open after an extended battle with the snooze button and pledge, “I’m not going to smoke weed this morning.” The mantra is usually followed by a heartfelt promise to myself that I will spend my day writing, as opposed to floating through the world in a weed haze.

I repeat the mantra steadily as I drag my ass out of bed and over to the staple white Ikea shelf that houses my dearest treasures. A black-and-gold witch medallion that belonged to my grandmother hangs there. A small bejeweled elephant perches on top of the shelf—my best friend acquired him for me during her travels. He has a secret compartment, and housed within is a piece of red jade. Red jade, Ashley says, has the power to help combat hesitation and fear.

Alongside the medallion, the elephant, and the jade is my deep blue glass pipe. As the final words of my mantra wisp out of me, I pick it up and stuff it full of weed. I perch on the edge of my bed and smoke “just one bowl.”

As I said, I’ve been a proponent of the wake ‘n’ bake for about six years. But I’ve been smoking just about daily for over a decade now. It started when I was 16, and I’ll be 27 in a couple of weeks.

Given the opportunity, I smoke about three times per day: once in the morning, then in the afternoon, and between one and infinity joints at night, depending on how much weed I have. I smoke just to get through the boring parts of my day: grunt tasks like making breakfast, showering, running errands, and walking to work.

Some days, I feel like I don’t get high anymore—just transcend to another mood. While I’m not as productive as I could be, I am what they call a functioning stoner: I can usually read, write, drive, do chores, and carry on conversations while high. The only problem is that I usually just decide not to bother with said activities.

Despite my mantras, I’ve found myself pissing away endless afternoons getting stoned. My work has undeniably suffered. Could the myth that chronic use adversely affects motivation be true? A productive day, for me, usually maxes out at sending a couple of emails, working a few hours at my insanely chill part-time job, and two or three hours of writing. Case in point: The pitch for this very article was approved over a year ago. Instead of writing, I often wind up getting stoned during the workday, watching a lot of dirty AF group sex on Pornhub, and eating cheese and crackers. Before I know it, it’s FRIDAY, and I obviously deserve a break from this hectic-ass work week.

I tell myself it’s fine: My life is not traditionally depressing. I have a masters degree, some regular writing work, a job, a partner, friends, and a beautiful apartment on the subway line. I wash (sometimes). I can’t be a total failure, then, right? Obviously, I’m not addicted.

In high school, I took an AP psych course. I wrote my final paper on whether or not weed was addictive. My goal was to dig up some hardline science with which to refute the buzzkills who waxed superior about weed being bound to dull my intelligence. I found what I set out to find: Weed is not physically addictive. It’s just psychologically addictive. Which means you can convince yourself that you need it. But it also means that there are physical changes in the brain. Healthcare centers like Toronto’s Centre for Addiction and Mental Health say that weed can cause problems with motivation, and that those who stop using can experience loss of appetite, anxiety, and other side effects. They say it’s addictive, point-blank.

But I’ve always strenuously refuted these claims. It’s just a plant. It’s harmless. It’s a medicine, I say to myself. I can’t be addicted.

Then why is this harmless little plant that humans have smoked for thousands of years controlling my actions?

I can now admit that I’ve been psychologically addicted to weed for the past decade-plus. If I need to eat, sleep, relax, be amused, calm down, forget a horrible experience, practice self love, run errands of any kind, watch TV, or create something: I smoke.

Smoking numbs any pain I might have, helps me forget my troubles, makes the band Sublime sound sonically plausible, and is the ultimate hangover cure.

In recent years, the negative effects of smoking, for me, have begun to outweigh the positive. You may have heard the claim that weed makes you a wee bit stupider? Well, my memory has started to fail me. I have endless amazing story ideas when I’m high (I know, I know, every stoner makes this claim, BUT IT’S TRUE). The ideas, of course, evaporate as quickly as they materialize. My once-robust vocabulary has dwindled, and with it, my self-confidence. I can’t fucking spell anymore. I’m not as quick-witted as I seem to remember having been once upon a time. I’m paranoid, and nervous as fuck. My attention span is nonexistent. My coordination is shit. It terrifies me to speak to shopkeepers. (What if they know I’m high?)

My weed-related anxiety has started running my life. When and where will I re-up? Will I have time? Do I smell like weed? I must smell like weed. Shit, I’m going out of town to visit family—how will I get weed? Do I bring it with me? What if they have dogs at the airport? Better text my brother to make sure I can get some.

I’ve started smoking even when I don’t want to. It’s become a mindless habit, like brushing my teeth. I smoke, my heart rate spikes, and I immediately start stressing about everything I should be doing instead. Just as I promised myself I wouldn’t smoke each morning, I’ve begun to make a similar promise just before I re-up. One last joint, I’ll say, and I’m done. That’s it. Not calling my guy for more. Cold turkey it is! I start smoking smaller and smaller bits at a time, hoarding the crumbs so I don’t run out. Then, on the day I’ve hit bottom, I’ll invariably scrape some resin out of the blue pipe, mix it with the final crumbs, and smoke it while texting my dealer. Later that day, I’ll go and re-up. I have spent my last $20 on weed more than once in the past year. Instead of buying groceries. I have sold clothes to consignment stores, turned around, and spent the money on weed.

My friendships have started to suffer, a surefire hallmark of addiction. I’ve routinely canceled plans because I was too high to leave the house. People I used to see a couple of times per week stopped texting because, presumably, they got tired of my serial lateness (and the fact that I could never remember the stories they told me the last time we hung out). I’ve always cared about fitness and healthy eating, but I’ve started getting fat because I’ll spend as much of my free time as possible watching Netflix and eating chips with Philadelphia dip. Oh, and the takeout.

Ugh, I’ve secretly thought, I’m a walking cliche. Also, how old am I? Twenty-seven seems like as good an age as any to get one’s shit together.

Over the course of the last three years or so, I’ve started to hear the lies so narrowly masked by my excuses. I’ve been blazing in spite of myself. All day. If the amount I smoke is OK with me, why am I always rattling off my accomplishments to myself on loop? Why am I excusing myself for not writing? That would be the sound of a desperate bid to my inner being to forgive my outer being’s sins.

The beginning of the end of my willful addiction came six months ago, when I was visiting my grandmother. I smoked in her house while she was sleeping.

“I know what weed smells like,” she said in the morning, her gray eyes hooded and sad. “Look at you. You can’t even keep a normal schedule. It’s time to get your life in order.” Naturally, at first I thought she was a bitch and shouldn’t be trying to fuck with my medicine. It’s the same way I’ve always reacted when someone suggests I quit, or that people in general might be healthier in virtually any way for quitting. Childlike vitriol. Rage. In short: denial.

But three weeks ago, a day before the spring equinox, I decided I was finally ready to know what would happen if I quit. My last quarter ran out, and I didn’t text anyone to fix it. There are so many reasons people quit. I was sick of the paranoia and anxiety, the lack of productivity. The laziness. I was afraid to quit for so long because I worried I wouldn’t know what to do with myself when I did, but the time had come.

How do I feel thus far? Surprisingly good, in contrast to how I thought I’d be feeling. I expected to be even more anxious, and to feel irritable and nauseous for a few weeks. Happily, I’m no bitchier than usual, and my nerves are actually in a better state than they were when I was baked all the time. My appetite has decreased substantially, but I’m regarding that as a positive since I want to lose the stoner weight.

I’m not trying to too-loudly trumpet my newfound squeaky-clean ways, lest I come off as a hypocritical and self-righteous asshole. But I’m surprised at how many of my problems have been solved by quitting. I’ve made a point of seeing my old friends more often. I’ve made new friends in the past couple of weeks because I’m not utterly petrified to talk to people anymore. I’ve sent pitches to new publications. I’ve always been the sort to overextend myself and beg the universe for more hours in a day. Now, I feel like I have more time to write, cook actual meals, and read actual books.

Don’t get me wrong. A weedless way is not the only way. I’m not preaching a sober life for everyone, by any stretch. I still love weed. And I miss it. I will do nothing but smoke the fattest of spliffs on 4/20, which is still my favorite holiday. The only difference is that I will now be the one in control. I’ll be able to enjoy the feeling of being truly high again, and that is a thing I am looking forward to with glee.

Photo via Flickr user Rachel Baranow

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It took more than a decade, countless pledges to quit cold turkey, and some harsh words from my grandmother, but I've finally decided to start taking my dependence on weed seriously.