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potassium deficiency in tomatoes

Potassium deficiency in tomatoes

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Block Reference: #46094740-2d32-11eb-8517-696fe7616422
VID: #(null)
IP: 62.113.118.27
Date and time: Mon, 23 Nov 2020 02:19:11 GMT

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Effects of potassium deficiency on tomato growth and mineral nutrition at the early production stage

Abstract

The effects of potassium deficiency on hydroponically grown tomato were investigated at the early production stage (23 leaves, 3 trusses). Two types of potassium deficiency were applied : the permanent deficiency lasted for 23 days whereas the 10-day temporary deficiency was followed by a 7-day period of potassium supply resumption.

Growth was assessed through non-destructive measurements. Permanent potassium deficiency resulted in growth slow-down before visual symptoms appeared on the adult leaves (leaves 12 to 17), but the older leaves (next to the first truss) were not affected. Temporary potassium deficiency reduced the growth rate, but, after potassium supply resumption, the plants recovered a growth pattern which was similar to that of the control plants. The potassium of the older leaves appeared to be less mobilizable than that present in the adult leaves where the visual deficiency symptoms appeared.

Potassium uptake kinetics during the potassium supply resumption period were investigated on the plants submitted to temporary deficiency. In tomato plants which had been temporarily deprived of potassium before being transferred onto a standard nutrient solution, potassium uptake was faster than in the control plants. This result is to be related to the plant ability to recover a normal growth pattern.

As a result of the occurrence of K-Mg and K-Na antagonisms, the sum of the cations was maintained at a constant value in some plant organs.

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The effects of potassium deficiency on hydroponically grown tomato were investigated at the early production stage (23 leaves, 3 trusses). Two types of pot ]]>