The legal state of buying marijuana seeds online in Australia as of 2022, Best online marijuana shops for buying marijuana seeds in Australia This is a super-condensed version of our Beginner Guide! The following tutorial is very basic, but if you follow the 10 steps you will get to harvest! Find out how to grow cannabis in Australia. The best beginner’s guide to marijuana growing, plant nutrients, organic soil, and all the basics. Read More!
Buying Marijuana Seeds in Australia 2022
Laws on Buying & Growing Marijuana Seeds in Australia. Growing Tips, Recommended Strains and the Best Seed Banks That Ship Down Under For the 2022 Growing Season.
Australia has experienced a significant shift in medical cannabis laws in recent years, with a growing push to legalize recreational cannabis.
With more than 7-million active cannabis users and counting, Australia is on the cusp of a green wave. However, finding information on buying cannabis seeds in Australia from reputable seed banks is still hazy — until now.
Join us as we dive into the topic of buying marijuana seeds in Australia legally, safely, and with maximum ease. Furthermore, you learn all about Australia’s cannabis history, recent laws, cannabis culture, and, of course, the best marijuana seed banks that serve Australia and its residents.
Additionally, you’ll gain insight into:
- Tips for growing cannabis seeds in Australia
- The best cannabis seeds to buy in Australia
Ultimately, this guide on buying cannabis seeds in Australia will prove useful for people traveling as tourists or living as Australian residents.
As cannabis laws are constantly evolving worldwide, it’s always prudent to check local laws for any relevant updates. By doing so, you’ll ensure that you’re purchasing legal marijuana seeds from top-rate seed banks in Australia for the best experience possible.
Without further ado — let’s begin!
In A Nutshell: The Legality of Buying, Selling, Possessing, and Growing Marijuana Seeds in Australia
We know — the legality of buying, selling, possessing, and growing marijuana seeds in Australia is complicated.
Here is a quick recap of the most critical aspects of the legality of cannabis seeds in Australia:
- Medical and recreational cannabis is legal in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), including growing marijuana seeds from local or online seed banks.
- Recreational cannabis is illegal in all other territories and jurisdictions outside of the ACT.
- Once outside of the ACT, it’s illegal to grow marijuana seeds. If you decide to purchase cannabis seeds from a seed bank and grow them — it’s at your discretion.
- Medical marijuana exists in Australia; however, you must have a valid license. Furthermore, the government supplies cannabis by allowing licensed companies to cultivate marijuana seeds and distribute marijuana-based products. Ultimately, medical marijuana patients in Australia (outside of ACT) are not allowed to grow marijuana seeds themselves.
Continue reading below for an in-depth guide on the legal aspects of marijuana and marijuana seeds in Australia.
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Growing Cannabis Seeds in Australia
If you want to grow cannabis seeds in Australia — this is the section you need to read.
When to Sprout Marijuana Seeds in Australia
A typically ideal time to begin growing cannabis in Australia is October (Southern Hemisphere).
Seedlings may be sprouted indoors while the winter season transitions to spring. When the spring season begins a few weeks later, the marijuana plants can then be moved outdoors. Harvests typically start in March and run through May in regions with seasonal temperature changes.
In milder regions of Australia, cannabis seeds can grow any season of the year outdoors, giving growers up to four harvests in a single year.
Issues to Consider When Growing Marijuana Seeds in Australia
However, Australian outdoor growers are generally plagued by issues with the intense sun and the plants’ inability to handle scorching or freezing temperatures.
Outdoor-grown cannabis buds may also be susceptible to mold, which can ruin a harvest, theft, or being eaten by wild animals. With that being said, most of Australia’s general climate and soil conditions create an excellent environment for growing marijuana. However, doing so will be a much easier undertaking for those who already have experience in the field.
Tips for Growing Cannabis Seeds in Australia
When it comes to growing marijuana seeds in Australia, you must understand a few critical factors to have a successful harvest.
Below, you’ll find three essential tips that’ll ensure a stellar harvest of ounces of buds that are drenched in resin.
1. Buy Cannabis Seeds From a Reputable Online or Local Seed Bank in Australia
Although it may sound obvious, buying marijuana seeds from a legitimate seed bank is the key to success.
By purchasing marijuana seeds from a tried-and-true seed bank in Australia, you’ll find weed seeds with:
- High germination rates
- Vigorous cannabis plants
- Verified marijuana seed strains
2. Buy Cannabis Seeds for the Australian Climate
One of the most important aspects of growing marijuana seeds in Australia is understanding the climate.
Are you growing cannabis seeds in Victoria or Brisbane (Bris-Vegas)? Overall, you’ll want to find marijuana seeds that produce plants that are:
- Drought tolerant
- Resistant to mold and pests
- Resilient against extreme heat or sudden cold
As long as you choose cannabis seeds with these inner-traits, you’ll find buckets of bud come harvest time.
3. Plan Your Cannabis Garden in Advance
Remember, most Australian populations live in a Mediterranean climate, allowing cannabis plants ample time to finish flowering.
However, what many cannabis cultivators in Australia forget is to plan the garden months before planting the first cannabis seed of the season.
Therefore, you must figure out which cannabis seeds you’ll grow, where you’ll grow them, and what you’ll grow the weed seeds in. If you need help, we have guides on How to Plan an Indoor Cannabis Garden and How to Plan an Outdoor Cannabis Garden.
Once you plan these three factors — all you’ll need to do is kickstart your cannabis seeds and let the Australian sun (or artificial lighting) do its trick!
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Which Marijuana Seed Store Is the Best Option for Australian Residents?
Remember, it’s illegal to possess and grow marijuana seeds in all states and territories outside of the ACT.
However, it’s easy to discreetly buy cannabis seeds in Australia online or locally from reputable seed banks.
Read along to learn about the two options for buying cannabis seeds in Australia — online or in-person at a local seed bank.
Local Australian Seed Banks
At the moment — there isn’t much in terms of selection when it comes to seed stores in Australia.
In other words, it’s tough to buy marijuana seeds at a local seed bank in Australia. Besides meeting other cannabis enthusiasts in Australia, such as PotPlace, your best bet for finding marijuana seeds is via online seed banks.
Online Seed Banks That Ship to Australia
Overall, online seed stores are the place to buy marijuana seeds in Australia.
However, not all marijuana seed banks ship to Australia. Luckily, we found the best online marijuana seed banks that ship to Australia.
Our most recommended seed bank to buy marijuana seeds and have them shipped to your door in Australia is Herbies Seed Bank – A fan favorite seed bank for customers Down Under. Herbies Seed Bank is renowned for its shipping speed and top-shelf seed selection. From award-winning strains to wallet-friendly prices, you’ll find everything you need when buying marijuana seeds from Herbies.
Herbies is a top pick for Australian customers because:
As for the fine print — be aware that buying cannabis seeds from seed stores in Australia (except ACT) and then getting caught possessing, using, or selling cannabis is illegal as per the federal government. Always review the local laws where you live to ensure you understand the potential repercussions of non-compliance.
Herbies Seeds – High Quality Seeds. Shipping Worldwide.
Recommended Cannabis Seed Strains to Buy and Grow in Australia
If you’re ready to buy the best cannabis seed strains to grow down under — here’s our top picks that’ll produce the best (and biggest) buds that Australia has ever seen.
Each of these seed strains can be found at our two highly recommended online seed banks — ILGM and MSNL. The best part? Both ILGM and MSNL ship to Australia!
Without further ado — here’s our recommended seed strains to buy and grow in Australia:
- Jack Herer
- Girl Scout Cookies
In most cases, you may find both feminized and autoflowering seed types, making each of these seed strains even easier to grow. However, let’s briefly discuss the benefits of growing these three seed strains in Australia.
As the name implies, the Critical seed strain leaves anyone who indulges in her trichome-packed buds in a critically-stoned state.
Perfect for Australia’s hot and dry summer, Critical feminized seeds grow tall and finish flowering within 10-weeks. Huge buds, extreme resin coverage, and ease-of-growth beckon Australian cannabis cultivators of all skill levels.
Jack Herer is the ace of spades in any cannabis cultivator’s seed collection.
Known for its remarkable potency, resilience in hot and dry climates, and resistance to mold, Jack Herer is a must-have seed strain when growing in Australia’s outback.
Girl Scout Cookies
Girl Scout Cookies
Last but not least is Girl Scout Cookies — the West Coast legend.
If you’re in Australia and wish to leave everyone in “shock-and-awe” with top-shelf weed — look no further than growing this gorgeous indica-dominant seed strain.
Overall, Girl Scout Cookies feminized seeds are a must if you grow indoors or outdoors in Australia.
History on Growing, Using, Selling, and Buying Cannabis Seeds From Seed Banks in Australia
Like most countries in the world, Australia’s history is loaded with strict cannabis laws.
From barring residents from buying marijuana seeds from seed banks to making it a crime to consume weed — Australia is another prime example of prohibition gone wrong.
Let’s take a look at the past, present, and potential future of Australia’s cannabis regulations.
1924: Buying Cannabis From Seed Banks in Australia Becomes Illegal
Restrictions on buying cannabis seeds from seed banks in Australia date back to 1924 at the Geneva Convention on Opium and Other Drugs.
The decriminalization of marijuana for recreational use was proposed in the 1970s. This movement received support from the 1978 New South Wales Joint Parliamentary Committee on Drugs. However, no legal changes happened because of opposition from the 1979 Australian Royal Commission of Inquiry into Drugs, which stated that decriminalizing weed and allowing Australian residents to buy marijuana seeds would conflict with the UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs.
Recent Cannabis Legalization Efforts in Australia And a Big Win for the Greens Party
Australia has a National Drug Strategy, which is its federal drug policy regarding criminal sanctions and favors harm minimization. Overall, Australia does not have a severe system for drug offenses; instead, it focuses on reducing harm and using treatment strategies within the law enforcement system.
In recent years, the Greens party has worked to legalize the use of recreational marijuana in Australia, despite pushback from Greg Hunt, the country’s Minister for Health. Their efforts bear fruits, with the ACT (which includes the capital city of Canberra and several neighboring townships) legalizing recreational cannabis as of January 31, 2020.
Australia’s Greens Party leader wants to legalize cannabis.
Growing Marijuana Seeds in ACT Becomes Legal
ACT Residents over the age of 18 are now allowed to possess up to 50 grams of dried cannabis and even cultivate the plant from seed. By enabling the growth of up to 2 plants per person, or 4 per household, ACT residents can now legally buy marijuana seeds in Australia from a reputable seed bank.
Taxes generated from all legal marijuana sales will fund drug education programs and harm-reduction and treatment programs. Although marijuana seeds are now legal in the ACT, it is still illegal at the federal level.
Looking to the Future
As we can see, public opinion regarding medical and recreational marijuana is rapidly changing.
With the Greens Party and many other pro-cannabis supporters, Australia may soon see recreational cannabis laws in the not-too-distant future. Although residents in Australia’s ACT are the only individuals allowed to buy recreational marijuana seeds from in-store and online seed banks — the rest of Australia may follow suit very soon.
Nimbin, the weed capital of Australia
Cannabis Culture in Australia
Cannabis is the most widely used “illegal” substance in Australia, and support for its use is growing.
As per the 2019 National Drug Strategy Household (NDSH) Survey, 36% of Aussies aged 14 years and older have used cannabis at least once in their lives, with 6.6% of respondents using it within the last month.
In 2019, when the most recent NDSH Survey was conducted, its results indicated growing Aussie support for the legalization of cannabis, with 41% of respondents in favor of it.
Are Medical Cannabis Seeds Legal in Australia?
On February 24, 2016, the Australian parliament passed legislation approving medical marijuana use by people with chronic, severe health conditions. It also legalized growing weed seeds for scientific purposes – an important step towards allowing for mandatory cannabis research.
With optimal growing conditions, such as warm temperatures, humid climate, and other notable agricultural requirements, Australia is the perfect place to grow marijuana seeds en masse. However, extensive licensing is required to grow cannabis seeds currently.
Medical Marijuana’s First Appearance in Australia
With this legislation, the Narcotic Drugs Act 1967 was amended to allow cannabis seeds to be grown for the purpose of manufacturing medicinal weed products in the country. The update came after a suggestion proposed by Malcolm Turnball’s federal government and was supported by the main opposition party.
2021 — The Year of Medical Marijuana in Australia
The use, production, manufacturing, and distribution of medical marijuana are legal at the federal level in Australia in 2021, provided that you meet a few stipulations.
Under the new regulations, patients who have a valid prescription can use and possess medical cannabis grown in Australia. An additional requirement is that the weed must have been approved under the Therapeutic Goods Act and comply with laws in the relevant state and territory. A national regulator tracks medical weed products on behalf of the government from the growing stage to supply and restrict any criminal activity.
The change to the legislation of medicinal cannabis came one year after Daniel Haslam died, at just 25 years old, from bowel cancer. Daniel was an advocate for medicinal marijuana in New South Wales and received national attention in 2014 by sharing his story of how battling cancer and managing cancer treatments were made tolerable by the use of marijuana. He had used medical weed to relieve nausea and poor appetite that his chemotherapy-induced before he passed away in February of 2015. Following his death, his mother Lucy started a group called United in Compassion to petition for the legality of medical cannabis.
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Victoria was the first state in Australia to create legal access to medical cannabis when it enacted the Victorian Access to Medical Cannabis Act 2016. Although it provided limited access, it restricted the eligible patient groups and specified the only products covered under the act would be Victorian-made. In 2018, Victoria lifted the restrictions on eligible patient groups and canceled the plans for the cannabis-specific manufacturing license scheme initially laid out.
New South Wales, which had notoriously strict laws regarding cannabis criminalization, started allowing doctors to prescribe medical marijuana in 2016 legally. While the patients’ approval process was initially prolonged, the New South Wales government made further improvements in 2018 to provide better, more timely access to much-needed treatment.
Australian Legislation on Growing Cannabis Seeds From Seed Banks
As of January 31, 2020, it is now legal – in the ACT only – to grow marijuana seeds from a local or online seed bank for personal medical or recreational use.
The new law allows two plants per person and no more than four plants per household. In other words, you may own many marijuana seeds — but you can only germinate a few cannabis seeds at a time.
What You Can’t Do With Weed Grown From Seed
Security measures must be taken to prevent your crop from being stolen (and potentially sold on the black market). Distribution of the weed you grow to the public is still highly illegal, and getting caught doing so will lead to unpleasant legal consequences. Sharing cannabis seeds with a friend or gifting it is classified as distribution.
Outside of the Australian Capital Territories, cultivating your own cannabis from seed is still illegal, even for medical marijuana patients. It is important to note that hydroponic growing techniques are unlawful throughout Australia, and getting caught with grow lights or other hydroponic equipment can land you in legal hot water.
The laws on growing marijuana seeds vary quite a bit as you move through the various Australian states and territories, so it’s a good idea to do a bit of research and understand what sort of fines or other legal repercussions you could be facing if you find cannabis seeds for sale in an Australian seed bank or online and do a bit of recreational gardening in Australia.
Possessing, Using, and Selling Marijuana Seeds or Flowers: What Does Australian Law Say?
Whether you’re an Australian resident or simply a traveler to the country, growing and possessing cannabis seeds for recreational purposes is still federally illegal in Australia. However, a growing number of citizens support marijuana legalization.
In January 2020, the ACT became the first Australian region to legalize recreational marijuana use and possession. However, it is illegal to use, grow, or possess cannabis seeds in public places within the ACT. Selling or distributing marijuana (which includes sharing your stash with a friend) and driving with any trace of cannabis in your system are also illegal.
The current criminal sanctions for possession, distribution, cultivation, and use of weed seeds throughout the rest of the country vary by state or territory. For example, in South Australia, you will find the most relaxed penalties of any state in the country.
Australian Cannabis Laws By Territory
South Australian police officers have the option of issuing a citation and fine instead of charging you with a crime if you’re found to be consuming cannabis or in possession of up to 100 grams of weed, 20 grams of resin, one cannabis plant, or cannabis-use paraphernalia, such as seeds.
In the Northern Territory, if you are in possession of fewer than 50 grams of marijuana at your home, you may only be subjected to a fine. However, possession of any quantity of weed in public still carries the risk of imprisonment.
Are you going to New South Wales? First-time offenders without a criminal history who are found in possession of fewer than 50 grams of weed for personal use may be offered the opportunity to participate in a Drug Diversion Assessment Program (DDAP) instead of being charged with a crime.
The same policy holds true in Queensland, Tasmania, and Victoria. In Western Australia, the threshold of what constitutes a “personal use” quantity is even smaller, at 10 grams or fewer.
Lenience At First — But Don’t Push It
Australia’s Drug Diversion Assessment Programs typically include mandatory counseling sessions designed to address the underlying reasons that a person may turn to drug use, encouraging offenders to find healthier ways of coping with stressful situations. Of course, subsequent offenses carry the likelihood of more significant consequences, from higher fines to imprisonment.
Fines issued for cannabis-related offenses typically must be paid within 28-60 days to prevent further legal repercussions. Should you be particularly unlucky and be sentenced to imprisonment for a simple (small quantity for personal use) cannabis offense, the maximum sentence is two years in most territories, three years in Queensland.
Legal Guide to Buying and Growing Cannabis Seeds In Australia: Summing It All Up
As of 2022, buying cannabis seeds online or from local seed banks for recreational grow purposes in Australia and the possession, use, and sale of recreational cannabis is still illegal under federal law.
However, on January 31st, 2020, the ACT was the first state to legalize the cultivation, use, and possession of recreational marijuana – up to 50 grams of dried weed per person and a limit of 2 plants per person. The status of medical marijuana in Australia underwent a significant change when it was legalized in 2016 and has since positively impacted the Australian economy and quality of life for patients there.
Possessing, distributing, and growing marijuana to resell are still considered illegal activities and are punishable by the law’s fullest extent. However, the penalties for engaging in these marijuana activities vary by state and even between different territories.
If you’re thinking of buying marijuana seeds from a local or online seed bank, possessing it, or using it in any way, always remember to check the specific laws where you reside or travel in Australia to avoid criminal penalties.
Shortest Cannabis Grow Guide Ever
Are you looking for the shortest and most simple marijuana grow guide ever? Or maybe you just want a quick overview of the growing process. This super condensed version of the 10-Step Quick Start Grow Guide is probably the quickest grow guide out there. You may also enjoy our marijuana life timeline or complete beginner’s guide to growing cannabis. The following tutorial is very basic, but if you follow just these steps you will be harvesting your own weed in 3-5 months! Choose an auto-flowering strain for the fastest harvest (harvest in as quickly as 3 months).
Easiest Cannabis Grow Tutorial Ever!
Table of Contents
Step 1: Choose Your Place to Grow
Indoors or outdoors? A spare room? A closet? Learn more about different places to grow weed indoors. One simple way to get started is to put your plant inside a cheap grow tent.
I personally think grow tents are a cheap (under $100) and easy way to set up the perfect grow environment, but there are lots of great places to grow!
The main thing to remember about your growing environment is that when the temperature, humidity and overall airflow feels nice to you, it’s probably good for your plants, too! Learn more about setting up the perfect environment.
Step 2: Choose Your Grow Light
If your goal is to harvest…
Step 3: Choose Your Growing Medium
There is no best way to grow pot! Each option has its own pros and cons.
– Close to nature, especially if growing in amended and composted soil without any liquid nutrients. Slightly slower growing but buds tend to have a stronger and more complex taste/smell. – Coco is a hand-watered medium that looks and acts a lot like soil, but is actually made out of broken up coconut husks. Plants grown in coco grow a little bit faster than in soil, and coco has properties that soothe plant roots. As a result, coco tends to be more forgiving than most other grow mediums, and plants are more resistant to heat. Another advantage is pests are much less likely to attack plants in coco because many bugs need soil to live. If you’re not sure which medium to start with, I highly recommend starting with coco! That’s what I did and I’m so happy because it was also a perfect way to train for moving on to either soil or hydro – Setting up a hydroponic reservoir takes more work than soil or coco but hydro grown plants get the fastest growth of all grow mediums, meaning you get to harvest more quickly with the same amount of electricity. Hydro-grown buds tend to be very potent.
Step 4: Get Nutrients
If you’re starting in composted, amended soil, you don’t need to worry about adding extra nutrients. For regular soil growers, you want to supplement your plant with extra nutrients after it starts using up the nutrients in the soil. For coco and hydro growers, you provide all your nutrients directly to your plants from the beginning. Luckily all quality nutrients come with an easy schedule to follow, so you don’t have to think about it!
What Nutrients to Get for Each Stage of Life
- Vegetative Stage – In this stage you should use nutrients that are high in Nitrogen (N). Almost any general plant food will work. The extra nitrogen will provide what your marijuana plant needs in the vegetative stage
- Flowering Stage – Plants need a low-Nitrogen (“Bloom”) formula that is high in Phosphorous (P) and Potassium (K) in the flowering stagea. In a pinch you can use cactus or succulent nutrients, because they use a similar nutrient ratio.
Step 5: Get Your Cannabis Seeds
If you don’t have access to live plants or seeds, the best way to get started growing is to order seeds online. You can get seeds delivered anywhere in the world, including Canada, Australia, the UK and every state in the USA.
Learn more about researching strains to figure out which one you might like best! Choose an auto-flowering strain for the fastest harvest (harvest in as quickly as 3 months).
Step 6: Germinate Your Seeds
One of the simplest ways to germinate your seeds is to plant them in a starter plug like a Rapid Rooter. These already moist when you get them and are designed to give your seed everything it needs for the first few days of growth. Just put your seed in the pre-cut hole and leave in a warm place until your seedlings appear! (Here’s more info if you would rather germinate the seeds first, and then put them in the Rapid Rooters). Add a few teaspoons of water if they start to dry out but don’t add so much water the rooters actually look shiny wet. You don’t want to drown your seedlings! Unless your air is really dry, seedlings like the open air and don’t need a humidity dome like clones do. They get all the water they need through their roots.
Simply put your seeds in the pre-moistened plugs and wait for seedlings to appear
After germination, you place your Rapid Rooter directly into soil/coco, or insert into a net pot if you’re in hydro. The Rapid Rooters make it so you can’t really mess up transferring seedlings!
If you see roots out the bottom, it’s time to transfer plant into its next destination!
There are other ways to germinate seeds if you don’t have or don’t want to use Rapid Rooters. For example you could use the popular “paper towel method” or even plant your seeds directly into the growing medium! Learn about other ways to germinate your seeds here.
Step 7: Vegetative Stage
Your Main Duty: Water Plants & Adjust Grow Light
In the vegetative stage a marijuana plant really does grow like a weed! It can recover from a lot even if you mess up. You can almost even think of it as a regular houseplant, just a really fast growing one!
At this point your main job is to water your plants and check the pH regularly (to prevent nutrient problems). If you are using high levels of nutrients and supplements, try to give plain water sometimes to prevent nutrient build-up.
When it comes to nutrients, follow the nutrient schedule or recommended dosage for “vegetative” growth. However, it’s a good idea to start at half-strength at first since most nutrient recommendations are often a bit too strong for marijuana right away.
When the top inch feels dry to the touch, water your plants well and remove runoff water. Avoid watering too often! You should be watering vegetative plants every few days. If they’re drying out in less than a few days, transplant to a bigger pot or give more water at a time. If they’re taking more than 3 days to dry, give less water at a time until they’re drinking faster.
During the vegetative stage your plant only grows new stems and leaves, and overall the plants will keep getting bigger and bigger.
Many indoors growers choose to train their plants in the vegetative stage to grow in a flat, table-top shape, as this will increase your yields under indoor grow lights in the flowering stage. But even if you don’t do anything your plants will still grow just fine.
Try to make sure you keep your grow lights a good distance away so they’re not burning your plants, and other than that just wait until your plant has reached half the final desired size.
Plants in the vegetative stage only grow stems and leaves, no buds!
Plants in the vegetative stage can grow several inches a day after they get going!
pic by Froctor Dankenstein
If you don’t watch out, your grow space can get out of control
If want to know more about what to expect (and what to look out for) in the vegetative stage, check out the complete vegetative stage tutorial!
Step 8: Flowering Stage – Buds Start Growing!
When your plant has reached half the final desired size, it’s time to tell it to start making buds! After you do this step, your plant on average will about double in size (more or less depending on the strain), so don’t wait too long!
Switch to the flowering stage when your plant has reached half the final desired height. Your plant can double in size after the switch!
You “tell” your plant to start making buds by putting your grow lights on a timer that is set on a 12/12 light schedule. This means the grow light is on for 12 hours, but the plant spends the other 12 hours a day is in uninterrupted darkness.
This daily dark period is like a message that tells your plant winter is coming. Plants will typically start growing buds within 2-3 weeks after the switch to a 12/12 light schedule.
The first few weeks after the switch to 12/12, your plant will be growing fast! This extra fast growth period is known as the flowering stretch.
Here are two plants right after they are given a 12/12 light schedule. Notice how both get taller, but one gets far taller than the other. The amount of “stretch” after the switch is determined by strain/genetics. Hopefully this animation gives you an idea of how plants develop in the flowering stage from 12/12 to harvest. Learn more about growing different strains together.
Male vs Female
When your plant starts making flowers, you need to double check that they’re all making buds (female) and not pollen sacs (male). Learn where to look on the plant to figure out the plant gender as soon as possible.
You can skip this step if you started with feminized seeds (since all plants will be female and make buds).
If your plants are female they will start growing wispy white hairs that eventually turn into buds. If your plant is male, it will grow pollen sacs that look like little bunches of grapes, and these will open up into flowers that can pollinate your buds and make them full of seeds.
It’s important to identify any male plants as soon as possible and remove them from your grow room so your female buds don’t produce seeds from being exposed to pollen.
Around 6 weeks after the switch to 12/12, your plant will stop growing bigger and focus completely on bud growth. Although that’s true for most strains, some long-flowering or Sativa strains can continue growing taller for longer.
Your Main Duty After Week 6 : Watch Buds & Leaves Closely For Problems
It’s hard to be patient for harvest after week 6 because eventually the plant stops making much new vegetative growth while buds fatten and mature. You usually aren’t seeing a lot of new growth any more, so it might seem like buds are done. But even though you might not see it, your buds are getting bigger and more potent each day!
Although plants mostly stop growing around Week 6, buds still need time before they’re “ripe” enough to have reached peak potency. Buds will continue to fatten and get more dense right up until harvest.
Watch plants closely so you can react to any problems quickly so you cruise to the finish line
Most plants are ready to harvest about 9-13 weeks after the switch to 12/12 though some strains take more or less time.
Next, learn how to determine when your plant is ready to harvest!
Step 9: Harvest Your Cannabis
When plants are ready to harvest, the white hairs on the buds will have darkened and will have mostly curled in. What if my plant keeps making new white pistils over and over?
9 Step Beginners Guide To Growing Cannabis In Australia
Whether you are in Canberra or growing as a professionals, you have to learn the basics of growing cannabis in Australia. What makes marijuana cultivation in Australia different than America?
You’ve been dying to grow your own bud for ages, and now it’s finally legal in Canberra.
There are dozens of questions going around in your head.
- Where do I start?
- Should I grow indoors or out?
- What seeds should I grow?
- Do I need special supplies?
- When can I start the germination process?
- How can I control the plants?
We’re going to help you get ready now, so you’re ready for legal marijuana cultivation in a few weeks or with a sweet setup outside in Canberra.
In this article, we will walk through a few steps on how to grow legal cannabis in Canberra, Australia.
This article is intended for educating on how professionals would grow in regions where they have the legal ability to do so.
Table of Contents.
1. Choosing Indoor or Outdoor Cultivation
There are advantages and disadvantages to growing cannabis inside and outside.
There are different reasons for wanting to grow outside, and inside, especially if you are living in a suburban area.
Even though its legal to grow cannabis in Canberra, indoor and hydroponic cultivating is prohibited.
The two most significant advantages to growing marijuana inside include control over the environment and year-round growing.
On the other hand, it requires much more planning and the costs can add up fast.
If startup funds are an issue, you may want to start outside and save for indoor equipment.
Steer clear of hydroponics setups as of 2020. This method is still 100% illegal in Canberra.
Growing outside is more comfortable and cheaper. However, more factors can reduce and even ruin your crop.
For example, problems with weather, attacks from predators, and human interference can make outdoor growth more difficult.
Unless you have a great security system on your property, your excellent cultivation skills could come under assault from thieves that steal the fruits of your labor.
Another consideration is extreme weather, which can be devastating to any outdoor crop.
There is a way around weather and security issues that are discussed in the sections below in more detail.
One factor some growers tend to forget is cross-pollination issues.
If there’s a hemp farm or other cannabis growing nearby, it can quickly destroy a cannabis crop.
2. Pick a Cultivar (Cannabis Strain)
Wait until you choose between inside and outside cultivation to decide on a strain and purchase seeds.
Each cultivar has different growing conditions. For example, you should grow Indicas inside because they’re sensitive to heat and humidity.
However, Sativas will thrive outside in Canberra. Additionally, you may also consider Sativa dominant hybrids.
When purchasing these seeds, study their resistance to heat, humidity, and water.
Important cannabis seed terms and definitions
When you pop over to one of the marijuana seed supplier’s websites, it’s essential to know and understand the different options.
Purchasing a packet of regular seeds will give you a mix of males and females.
If you pick these, you’ll have to pay close attention to your plants to pull the males before pollination, or it will dilute your plant’s THC count.
They cost a little more, but feminized seeds have no males, so you don’t have to spend too much time watching your plant’s anatomy.
If you miss just one male, it can ruin an entire crop.
These have a short growing period and flower after a certain number of days rather than the amount of sun per day like regular seeds.
New growers may prefer these to start because they allow them to be successful the first time out.
Since you can grow two plants per person and up to four per household now in Canberra, consider trying an auto-flowering and regular plant.
Although the genetics of cannabis is much more complicated than Sativa, Indica, and Hybrid, it’s still the easiest way for growers, distributors, and dispensaries to label the effects of different variances in the plant.
Below are some of the broad characteristics of each.
Sativa-like effects include increased euphoria, uplifting, suitable for social settings, without a couchlock.
Sativas can enhance creativity and boost the mood of anyone experiencing symptoms of depression.
Indica-like effects include calming, stress-relieving, full head, and body highs with a mild to heavy sedation.
Indicas are often recommending for sleep, relaxing, and reducing pain.
As the name suggests, these are a cross between both Sativas and Indicas and contain characteristics of both in varying degrees.
There are some 50/50 ratios, but most strains are dominant in one of the other.
Buying Cannabis Seeds in Australia
It’s unfortunate, but the cannabis laws don’t allow you to purchase seeds in the country.
However, it’s not illegal to possess marijuana seeds, and growers can buy them discreetly from online suppliers.
Distributors that ship to Australia include,
Storing your marijuana seeds
Cannabis seeds have a durable outer shell, but you still need to store them right to keep them viable for germination.
Much like cannabis oils, you must keep seeds away from light and humidity and store them where the temperature won’t fluctuate.
Ideal locations are dark, cool, and dry.
Whenever possible, keep seeds in their original shipping containers.
If that’s not an option, seal them in something airtight, such as plastic storage bags that zip.
You can put them in the refrigerator or freezers.
3. Find the Perfect Grow Area
There are a few factors for finding the right area for your cannabis garden.
First, you should be comfortable with the area.
Indoor Growing Spaces
For most personal use, indoor grow areas are going to be small, so make sure to read the seed’s descriptions regarding size and consider ones for indoor growing that are short and bushy rather than tall and broad.
A small room or closet lined can make the perfect space for your plants to get a concentrated amount of heat from grow lights.
Some of the supplies you’ll need for indoor cultivation include,
- LED (light-emitting diode), HID (high-intensity discharge), fluorescent, or induction grow lights
- Exhaust system with charcoal filters
- Quality soil
- Containers with proper drainage systems
- Macro and micronutrients (Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, and copper)
Keep in mind that growing indoors with a hydroponic setup is illegal in Australia without a license.
Outdoor Growing Spaces
As mentioned, security is an important consideration when growing outside.
Unless you plan on setting up video surveillance, installing fences, and even perimeter alarms, a good option is one close to your house with good outdoor lighting to deter thieves.
Another option is to use containers.
If your planting directly into the ground, you’ll want an open space with as much sun as possible.
Another factor, when feasible, is an area that gets a light breeze that helps move the air around in hot or humid climates.
Make sure to put your containers on a sturdy hand cart. As they increase in size, it will be harder to move them around.
A second advantage of keeping them in containers and mobile is you can bring them inside during inclement weather, such as heavy winds, rains, or unseasonably cold or hot temperatures.
You’ll need far fewer tools for outdoor cultivation than indoors. Some that are necessary include,
- Quality soil with few rocks, organic, and the right mix of nutrients
4. Germinating the Seeds
When you get your package of seeds, carefully scrutinize all 10 or 20, under a light.
Choose the darker ones first over ones that are lighter in color, which is more inferior in quality.
You can use seeds that are slightly damaged, and they should still germinate.
There are a few methods to use, including,
- Wet kitchen towel – one of the most popular ways to germinate seeds, it only requires paper towels or cotton wool pads and water. You can learn more about this process here.
- Glass of water – one of the least effective ways; requires placing the seed in a glass of water that’s 22 degrees Celsius. You can learn more about this method here.
- Direct soil – this method is like growing many plant types. The key to direct soil is not planting the seed too deep. The temperature, pH balance, and moisture levels of the soil play an essential role in this method. You can learn more about directly sowing seeds in the soil here.
Additionally, you can purchase starter kits. Seeds need temperatures of 21 to 32 degrees Celsius to germinate and take about five to ten days.
Remember to be very careful when handling seeds and small seedlings. These are very delicate. At this point, you’ll need to transfer the seedlings into containers if you didn’t use the direct to soil method.
For seedlings ready in October, depending on the local day and night temperatures, you may be able to sow them in the ground if you’re not using containers to grow your plants.
5. Stages of Growth
Following germination, the seedling stage takes about two to three weeks, and you need to maintain an air temperature of 77 degrees with proper humidity.
The next stage is vegetation and the first time you can take clones from your new plants.
During this time, the plant’s stalk will thicken and new nodes will form for the next set of branches.
The second to last stage is pre-following. This is when the female and male reproductive parts will start to show (if you’re using feminized seeds only, you won’t have to worry about male issues.) Flowering is the final stage, and it lasts between 6 and 12 weeks depending on the strain.
6. Cannabis Plant Care
The most apparent care tips involve watering your plants, being careful not to overwater, which can lead to mold.
If you’re still in the early stages of growth, this may include paying attention to indoor and outdoor temperatures, moving plants inside when it gets too cold and outside when it’s warm enough for them to get some natural rays.
While you can plant some strains and let them grow with relatively little interference, most require some tweaking at different stages to prevent mold and increase yield.
This is increasingly true if the strain tends to grow tall, top-heavy, or is busy. There are various techniques you can use to get the best results.
Screen of Green or ScrOG
The ScrOG method has been scientifically studied and proven to improve the yield of cannabis crops.
Famous books like The Big Book of Buds, by Rosenthal, promotes the Screen of Green (SCROG) growing method as the best way to bring out the cannabis plant’s full potential of THC and CBD.
The method involves the use of a chicken wire screen or net to hold the tops of the plant’s canopy and contain growth, which allows you to increase yield in a smaller area. This method works well with a limited growing room indoors and out.
The low stress training method (LST) is very common in horticulture and widely used in the cannabis cultivation and growing industry.
The LST method is supposed to help optimise the cannabis growing conditions and produce a larger flower (bud) yield.
LST involves the grower using a tie and bend method. This uses ties to bend the branches and change the direction of the plant’s growth.
This will help the stems support substantial bud development during the flowering period.
To perform Low Stress Training on your cannabis plants, you will need:
- Soft rubber or plastic zip ties
- A wooden stick/stake
- Duct tape
You can then use the soft rubber ties to bend the plant into any direction for optimised nutrient intake and growth.
Be careful not to use string, as this will typically dig into the branch and cause damage.
The cannabis plant is robust and responds well to being stressed during the growing process.
Super Cropping, otherwise known as High Stress Training (HST), is one of the oldest growing techniques that uses trauma on the plant to produce higher yields.
The grower will break the branches of the cannabis plant; this form of trauma puts positive stress on the plant.
When breaking the cannabis branches, you must make sure not to damage the outside, and only break the inside of the branch.
Growers can force the plant to change the direction for controlled growth. This allows you to place the plant in the ideal growing conditions to optimise its intake of nutrients.
To Super Crop your cannabis plant, you will need:
- Duct tape
- Plastic zip ties or Garden ties (really useful for super cropping)
Super cropping is easily down with these few steps:
- Choose the cannabis branches for super cropping
- Place the branch between your thumb and index finger
- Gently bend the branch in the chosen direction
- Use ties and repair the branch with duct tape where necessary
The topping process involves pruning the primary growing tip of your cannabis plant.
Topping is a High Stress Training (HST) method that is common in both indoor and outdoor cannabis growing and cultivation.
Topping can be useful in growing more seeds or increasing the yield of resin and flower (bud) in the plant.
This training method involves removing the crowns of your plants to cause two to grow back in its place.
You can do the same thing again with the double tops to create four new tops, and so forth.
The benefit of this is to increase cola production. This method works best with cultivars that have long flowering periods.
How do you top cannabis plants?
To top the marijuana plant, you will need some sharp scissors or shears to make a clean cut at the top of the primary stem of the plant. Ensure that you completely remove the top growth of the cannabis plant.
Its useful to give a few centremetres between where you can and the branches below in case of any mistakes while topping your cannabis plant.
Fimming is a similar high stress training method that can improve the yield of resin and flower (bud) in your cannabis plant.
This Fimming process is popular with smaller growing setups of one to three plants.
The result of fimming your cannabis plant is up to four new top colas. The extra cannabis shoots use the growth hormones from the main stem to grow rapidly.
Be careful with the Fim method as it can damage your plant if you do it too early or too late.
The best time to fim your plant is at the start of the vegetative phase, which will allow the cannabis plant to focus its nutrient derived energy into the production of flowers.
To fim your cannabis plant, pinch the main stem and cut of 70-80% of the tip. This will lead to the growth of up to four colas.
No matter what method you use, if any, pruning is essential to your cannabis plant’s health.
The goal of growing cannabis is to have a high yield of resin and large flowers (buds), and having a pair of sharp pruning shears in your arsenal is important.
Pruning your cannabis plant requires removing fan leaves and low-growing tips to direct all the plant’s nutrients to the upper-level leaves and flowers.
You can use your fingers or scissors to prune. It’s recommended you remove between 60 to 70-% of the bottom growth to boost the tops production.
The result is having all the growing energy and nutrients directed to the flowers and resin production in the cannabis plant, and not wasted on the leaves.
7. Pest and Predator Control
Luckily, cannabis plants come with built-in defense systems with their strong and sometimes overpowering aromas.
This means you don’t need to use heavy chemicals. But you still may need to use some mild pesticides that are approved for marijuana.
It’s essential only to use products that are safe for plants you can consume. Indoor cultivation will make it easier to control predators.
However, you’ll still need to keep an eye on your soil and watch your plant’s stalks, stems, and leaves for signs of insect pest activity.
8. Harvesting Your Crop
Deciding when to harvest your cannabis plant is trickier than you may think.
The reason is the wide variances in terpene and cannabinoid content that can make or break your final crop.
As you know, the terpene profile determines the taste, aroma, and some of the effects of the bud.
One method is to watch the stigmas or “hairs,” and when at least 60% of these turn orange and red, they’ve hit their peak, and it’s time to pluck and cure your potent flowers.
9. Taking and Using Clones
If you really like a cultivar or want to save time with your next set of indoor plants, consider taking clones of your current plants.
In addition to saving time, using clones can reduce failures and improve trichome production.
Cloning cannabis plants involves cutting off a smaller branch during the vegetative state (at least eight weeks old).
Significantly reduce your mother plant’s nutrients during this time to prepare it.
If there are too many nutrients, the clone will continue to grow as if it’s eight weeks old and not produce the roots necessary for a new plant.
You can learn more about cloning, including the different techniques to get healthy roots, here.
There’s learning for nearly endless cannabis cultivation.
With the long growing seasons in Canberra, it’s easy to grow half the year inside and half the year outside.
Indoor and outdoor growing methods vary, and there are various techniques available to tweak your yield.
Other challenges can be present as you choose different cultivars that require intermediate or expert skills, such as plants vulnerable to mold or needing specific training methods to produce a good yield.
This article was researched using these and other references:
James is an experienced writer and legal cannabis advocate in Australia. He answers all the questions about business, legalisation and medicinal cannabis.
Disclaimer: Cannabis Place are not doctors and we recommend consulting health professionals for accurate information. This site may contain information regarding drugs. This medicinal cannabis content is designed for an 18+ audience. Click here for our full disclaimer