Cannabis Clone Care
Tips to Help You Care for Your Cannabis Clones
CANNABIS CLONE CARE TIPS
Cannabis plants are very sensitive in the early stages. Special care is needed to ensure that your cannabis clone grows into a beautiful and healthy flower. Our clones are guaranteed to be pest and disease free, but to ensure you are successful with the plants you choose, here are some tips on how to care for them. Please inspect your clones before leaving any retail location and if you see any issues, please report them immediately to the retail staff.
This document was created in collaboration with Berkeley Patient’s Group (BPG) who is one of our long-time dispensary retail partners. For more information on our retail partners, including BPG, please visit our Retail Page.
THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT CANNABIS CLONES
Cannabis clones go through two cycles in their lifetime: the vegetative cycle and the flowering cycle. During the vegetative cycle, a plant is doing the majority of its root and foliage growth and should be receiving roughly 18 hours of light and 6 hours of darkness each day. If clones are not kept in the vegetative grow state long enough this can cause something called pre-flowering. Cannabis plants are photosensitive, meaning they will flower if they receive too much darkness, which can also cause a plant to stress (hermaphrodite: produce seeds). It is important to keep a close eye on the plants in this early stage of life and to watch for signs of heat stress such as drooping or curling leaves. If they do show signs of stress give them a break and move them back to the shade. It is wise to continue to give supplemental lighting through the dark cycle of the day ensuring they do not receive more than 10 hours of darkness.
The flowering cycle is the point at which the plant is receiving roughly 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. In an outdoor garden, the plant is naturally triggered to flip to its flowering cycle around the time of the Summer Solstice, which falls between June 20-22nd each year.
STORING CLONES TEMPORARILY
Ideally, clones should be planted as soon as they get to their home. We recommend preparing the space before picking up your plants. If you do need to store them temporarily before transplanting, the following is suggested:
- Water your clones with a diluted nutrient solution (400-600 parts per million or ppm) and place them under a low-intensity fluorescent fixture; T8 or T12 bulbs are ideal for this purpose, T5 bulbs are can cause plants to begin “stretching” before you are ready.
- Be sure to keep the cubes moist, but be careful not to allow standing water to accumulate in the tray. This will cause the rate of growth to slow, keeping them a manageable size and ensuring that some clones are not dwarfed by larger ones.
- As your clones begin to stretch, be sure to rearrange them to prevent some clones from being “shaded out,” and transplant them as soon as possible.
Photo credit to @m0m_jeens (Instagram)
PREPARING FOR TRANSPLANTING
The first step is to prepare the media you are planting the clone into. Some media may require soaking, conditioning, or some other form of preparation. Coco coir blocks, for example, need to be soaked and then broken up. Pre-mixed coco coir substrates are easy to work with and can be forgiving. Popular amendments include organic or synthetic fertilizer, oyster shell meal (for pH buffering), and various substances to improve soil structure.
Next, fill your pots with your chosen media. Since it is essential that you have a developed rootball before transplanting into a larger pot, planter box, or direct ground space, it is recommended to first transplant into a 1-gallon pot. After a couple weeks your rootball should be developed, allowing to transplant her into a large vessel.
Fill to 1 inch from the tip of pot and gently tamp soil by pressing it down with your hand. This helps ensure that air pockets do not develop; these can dry out your roots and will negatively affect plant health. After tamping, you should have 1 ½ to 2 inches of space between the lip of the pot and the media. This space is important so that you do not overflow the pot while watering.
Pro Tip: Some growers reduce “transplant shock” to their clones by soaking them in a vitamin and hormone solution such as Super Thrive. Super Thrive and similar products contain vitamins and hormones that are reported to minimize stress on growing plants. Prepare a batch by mixing one gallon of water with ¼ teaspoon of concentrate. Soak clones for 15 minutes before transplanting.
Photo credit to @plantgame_bobross (Instagram)
TRANSPLANTING INTO LARGER POT/GROW SPACE
First, dig a small hole in the media about the size of the 1-gallon pot. Place the clone in the hole. The top of the cube should be level with the media. If the rockwool cube is exposed too much, it will dry out easily. If the media level is above the cube, it may come into contact with the stem. This can cause fungal disease. The stem of the clone should be as vertical as possible. Sometimes this means that the rockwool cube will need to be planted crooked. We find that having a vertical stem leads to superior growing results.
Next, fill in media around the clone’s cube. Be sure that the bottom and sides of the cube are in good contact with the media. The rockwool cube should be planted so that just the very top of the cube is exposed. If the cube becomes exposed through watering, gently pack some soil back around it. After several weeks, the clone will be well-rooted, and this will not be an issue.
Finally, thoroughly water your clone. Thorough initial watering helps ensure there are no air pockets or dry spots in your media so that the cube comes into good contact with the water.
HARDENING OFF YOUR CLONES – EASING INTO DIRECT LIGHT
Most clones are kept under 24 hours of light in nurseries, whether you are buying from a dispensary or direct from Dark Heart they are likely used to 24 hours of light, but most often the clones are kept under fluorescent or LED lighting and are not yet used to strong or powerful light/heat given off from the sun. Most clones are stored under 24 hours of artificial light in nurseries and dispensaries. When a clone is moved from 24 hours of artificial light directly into intense sunlight, it can experience shock.
You need to introduce your clones to sunlight (after transplant) in a gradual, slow manner. Starting with partial shade and indirect sunlight will be beneficial for the first few days. The partial sun will get them invigorated to grow and the shade will ensure the heat is not so strong that they are overwhelmed and go into shock.
For a step by step on how to ease your clones into direct sunlight, read our Hardening Off blog post.
For the first week or two, be sure to check the moisture of the actual rockwool cube. In some cases, it is possible for the potting media to wick moisture away from the cube. In these cases, the potting media would be moist, but the cube may be too dry to support the plant. If this happens, pour about 1 cup of water onto the cube itself. Within two weeks the plant will develop a stronger root system, and this will not be an issue.
For more information about the growing process check out our Cultivation Resources page.Cannabis plants are very sensitive in the early stages. Special care is needed to ensure that your cannabis clone grows into a beautiful and healthy flower. Our clones are guaranteed to be pest and disease free, but to ensure you are successful with the plants you choose we provided some tips on how to care for them.
How to grow marijuana clones
There are all sorts of ways to grow your own marijuana. Some people prefer seeds for natural growth reasons, others prefer growing clones, which are a quicker, more effective way of growing genetically identical buds that were first produced from a mother plant. Amazingly, cannabis is one of the few plants on earth that have the ability to regrow themselves from their former selves. Though the term clone may seem weird and Orwellian, many dispensaries have caught on to this new way of growing. It’s a great way to start your own harvest from a mother plant you really enjoy.
If you’re looking to recreate an existing garden, clones are definitely the way to go. Clones are rooted cuttings that are specifically identical to the plant they were taken from. Cloning your own cannabis plants can be extremely cost-efficient and may give you a harvest that’s completely sustainable.
Cloning isn’t a difficult process, but it is tedious. Unfortunately, we can’t offer a comprehensive article on every aspect of growing clones, but we can provide a few tips and pointers to help your little clone grow big and strong.
To start cloning, you will need a razor for taking cuttings, water, rooting medium and rooting hormone. Wipe down all trays, scissors, blades, cutting board and prop dome down with a mild bleach solution and thoroughly rinse before starting.
Be sure to use a healthy mother to clone. The sturdier the mother, the healthier the clone. Try and wait at least two months into the mother’s cycle before taking a cutting.
Make sure your infrastructure is built for growing clones. No matter where you’re growing, you want to be sure you have ventilation, a systematic light source, room for all plants and other necessities. If you are growing a fresh batch of new clones, try to grow them in a small nursery where they are set apart from your more mature plants as they will need more attention.
When taking the cuttings, look for lower branches that are healthier and more sturdy. You want your cuttings to be between 8-12 inches. Have your rooting stimulator ready to dip the cuttings into.
Place your fresh cutting into water immediately after removing from rooting stimulator. Bubbles are a major clone killer. The clone must have water to survive, if multiple bubbles are present, it prevents the clone from soaking up necessary water
Be sure to QUICKLY slide the treated end of your clone into the rooting plug or pellet. A snug fit to the cut stem is essential. Sometimes a cutting won’t stick and take in necessary moisture and when that happens, it’s game over. Your clone will wither and die.
Remember, clones are much more sensitive than an already developed plant. Make sure to keep an extra close eye on them within the first 7-10 days.
Work quickly and efficiently. Because clones are further along than seeds, they tend to grow quicker so make sure you have all your supplies in order while maintaining your clothes.
Keep your grow/workplace sterile. Clones are much younger than your older plants and are more susceptible to bacteria. Make sure the roots are growing in clean, healthy soil.
Consistently check that your ventilation system is providing little to no breeze through. Too much breeze could dry out your clone, while too little breeze will keep the air stagnant, opening the possibility for pests and other bacteria. Little to no breeze is preferred.
You shouldn’t need to spray your clones with water, but if you feel more comfortable doing so, don’t overwater. Spray just enough, once every three days to keep the humidity.
Clones need a very specific amount of light and nutrients because they are so sensitive. Just like any other new project, be sure to read anything and everything there is to know about clones.
Have any questions or want to share your cloning experience? Drop us a line or leave a comment below.Check out a few of these tips to help keep your clones alive and thriving. ]]>