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How to Germinate Weed Seeds – Tips and Methods

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Germinating cannabis seeds isn’t a complicated process, although it does require a few specific parameters in order to happen successfully. If you’re reading up on how to germinate weed seeds, you’re in the right place; it’s a relatively easy process, you just need to have some patience on hand. The first thing to keep in mind is that your seeds are going to need water, heat and air in order to germinate.

How to Germinate Weed Seeds – Basic Parameters

Water (moisture)

Moisture is one of the three elements required to successfully germinate cannabis seeds; it essentially helps the seeds to expand and therefore break their shell. Over-watering at this stage can be fatal for your seeds, although harder-shelled and older seeds can take longer to soak through, so some patience is required.

Heat

This can be the hardest thing to work with, because temperatures that are either too cold or too hot will mess with your seeds and they won’t germinate. Springtime temperatures are generally what you should be aiming for – seeds can still germinate in colder temperatures, although they can take longer.

How to Germinate Weed Seeds – Germination Methods

There are many different germination methods that growers tend to use, all of which involve water and heat, although they’re not all as effective as others. Some people prefer germinating by planting straight in the ground, using starter cubes or by letting them soak overnight, although our preferred and recommended method is the paper towel method using either plates or an opaque kitchen container. We’re going to give you a brief rundown of the other methods, alongside their pros and cons.

Starter Cubes

This method is more reliable than others, and they make germinating quite easy. All you have to do is place your seed carefully in your seed plug and follow the instructions when watering; different brands and models have different watering instructions.

Some cubes are made out of peat and soil, and you can move them straight into your flowerpot once they’ve popped. However, hydroponic growers can use rockwool cubes which can hold quite a lot of moisture.

One of the downsides to using starter cubes is that they’re not very handy if you only want to germinate one or two seeds, because they’re usually sold in packs of 50 or more, and once they’ve been opened most cubes tend to dry out within a couple of weeks. Another downside to Rockwool specific cubes is that they’re bad for the environment, can be bad for your health when inhaled, and they’re not the best method for new growers.

Direct Planting

Other growers prefer to get rid of the middle man and plant their seed straight into their first flowerpot – it’s essentially how it would be done in nature, so why not follow the natural order? One of the pros when it comes to planting straight in your growing medium is that you don’t have to stress out your little seedling when transplanting, although it can be a bit harder to get the humidity right and you need to bury it just the right amount so that it can sprout.

Overnight Soaking

We highly advise against using this method, as it’s incredibly easy to accidentally drown your seeds. This method involves soaking your seeds in a glass of lukewarm water – it can be any type of cup, although people usually use a normal glass. This method can be effective for much older seeds or for seeds that have abnormally thick shells.

There are a few myths surrounding germinating in water overnight – some people say that if your seeds sink, they won’t germinate, however the truth is that most seeds start off by floating and then as they soak, they sink to the bottom of the glass. This has nothing to do with germination indication.

How to Germinate Weed Seeds – Paper Towel Method

This method is the method we recommend all readers and customers use, as it’s the one that has proven to give us the highest germination rate. We’re going to give an in-depth step by step guide on how to use this method. Keep in mind that you can skip the rooting hormone part if you prefer all natural results, although X-Seed does provide impressive results to start with.

Material Needed to Successfully Germinate seeds

  • Kitchen paper
  • Opaque plastic Tupperware or two plates
  • X-Seed by B.A.C.
  • Viable cannabis seeds

We’re going to go through the X-Seed method – if you want to skip this, you can simply skip the steps involving X-Seed and place your seeds straight into your paper towel as stated in step 4. Before you start, make sure you have everything you need at hand, so that you don’t have to waste any time looking for stuff.

Step 1: Soak the seeds

Submerge your seeds in your B.A.C. X-Seed liquid for an hour. Give it a stir every now and then so that the seeds are thoroughly soaked.

Step 2: Germination

While your seeds are soaking, you’ll need to prepare your paper towel and plates (or opaque Tupperware). Make a makeshift “bed” on the bottom plate with damp kitchen paper, but make sure it isn’t soaking. We tend to use 3 layers of kitchen paper; wet the paper and let it dry without wrinkling it, hanging it out kind of like a t-shirt so that all of the excess water can easily drain out. No need to worry about drying it, as you want the kitchen paper to be damp.

Step 3: Separation

After your seeds have been in the B.A.C. X-Seed liquid for an hour, by using a spoon you can carefully extract the seeds from the liquid and spread them evenly across the bottom of your plate or container. An even spread is important, so as the roots of each seed do not get tangled – about an inch apart is good.

Step 4: Cover the seeds

Once you have all of your seeds nicely placed on your plate or in your container, cover the seeds with another layer of damp kitchen paper, similar to the first layer that you put on the bottom. At this point, your seeds should be completely covered.

Step 5: Take care

Once you’ve finished covering your seeds with paper towel, cover them with another plate or put the lid on your container; if doing this in a container, the paper shouldn’t dry out as fast. A mistake made by many growers is that they add too much water to their paper towels if they’ve dried up, but by using a spray bottle you can moisten it some more without overdoing it. If your container is transparent, all you have to do is line the inside so that absolutely no light can get in.

Step 6: Temperature adjustments

Once you’ve isolated your seeds from light, you should leave it somewhere with a nice, neutral temperature. During winter it’s often harder to find a good spot, so you should try and find a heat source that isn’t excessive. You can use a computer modem, or even a softly powered electric blanket. Items like play-stations can get too hot and could end up cooking your seeds, so take care where you put them.

Step 7: After care

Once your seeds have opened up they’ll shoot out a small, white root. This means you need to be extremely careful when handling them. Don’t leave them for long because once they’re open they should be moved to soil.

Step 8: Moving to soil

Now that your seeds have officially germinated, you need to move them to the medium in which they will remain for the rest of the growing process. Germinated seeds are generally moved to soil, but they can also be planted in rockwool for hydro growing, or in a coco jiffy if you want to cultivate in coco coir. In this article we’ll be dealing with the most common method: planting seeds in soil.

How to Germinate Weed Seeds

Start by filling a small pot with soil, no more than half a liter. Water it before even thinking about planting your seed. Once the soil is damp enough to weigh down the plant pot, use the tip of your finger to create a small 0.5-0.1cm hole in the middle of the soil, and deposit the seed in the hole with the root facing downwards. Then, cover the seed with a little soil so that it’s just under the surface. The last step in this process is to put your plant pot in the sun or under your lamps (wherever you’re planning on growing it). Within a couple of days you should see that first sprout, that will keep on growing right until the end. In some cases, it may even take a matter of hours.

Keep an eye out on our follow up article on soil preparation for growing cannabis.

Figuring out how to germinate weed seeds isn't that hard, but choosing the right method can determine exactly how high your success rate is.

HOW TO GERMINATE MARIJUANA SEEDS

How can I germinate cannabis seeds? It is a Frequently Asked Question among most wannabe cannabis growers. Well, whenever you see a cannabis strain flourishing in a fellow connoisseurs grass farm, one thing is sure – the process of getting the favorite weed starts with germinating cannabis seeds. As of this moment, you may be asking, “where do weed seeds come from?” Ganja seeds are not something you will go to your nearest agro-vet and make your purchase. Thankfully, you are on the very website that deals in an array of cannabis seeds, as you will see on Leafly.

Also, before germinating weed seeds, you ought to ensure that your country legalizes the cultivation of pot; otherwise, you will find yourself on the wrong side of the law. We can’t insist enough that you have to order your weed seeds from a reputable seed bank as they will ensure that these goodies are supremely packaged, and with the highest chances of germination. Mature and ready-for germination seeds are mostly dark brown, and with a firm feel. That said, is the seeds are extremely wet or dry, they won’t germinate and so throwing them away is inevitable.

After getting your preferred seeds from the Amsterdam Marijuana Seeds Company, you need to ensure that the growing space is appropriately prepared to necessitate the growing of healthy ganja seedlings. Otherwise, it would be the worst idea to pop weed seeds when the growing area isn’t sufficient to enhance proper spacing of the plants.

Germinating Cannabis Seeds: Requirements

  • Water
  • Air
  • Heat.

Let’s now debunk each requirement to the entirety.

Water best gets for breaking seed dormancy. However, one ought to be careful not to under-soak or oversoak their seeds. Ideally, a day is enough to soak your grass seeds. That said, even the hardest seeds will have received sufficient water.

Provided you subject your seeds to the sufficient amounts of water, the taproot should appear through the shell. This is the critical time to ensure that the taproot also called the cannabis white tendril, gets water; otherwise, it will dry up should it lack water.

The rate of respiration in a dormant seed is meagre. This means that oxygen gets used at trace rates if all any. However, cannabis seeds require sufficient oxygen to pop. So, where does this oxygen come from when a weed seed is germinating? Well, this is the best point to understand why water is such crucial in germination.

In addition to breaking seed dormancy and keep the taproot alive, water also contains air, which is in this case oxygen. The presence of oxygen, therefore, enhances the ultimate germination of cannabis.

This is the most overwhelming part of cannabis cultivation. Picture this: cannabis seeds don’t require excessive heat or coldness. That said, you would need to play with humidity levels in such a way that the germination medium has a lukewarm temperature. Even though cannabis seeds can grow in colder areas, it may take longer, not unless you filter through the Amsterdam Marijuana Seeds and select the strain that gets described as doing well in cold regions.

We mostly advise growers that if wherever they are is extremely cold, they may need to buy incandescent bulbs and erect them above where the seeds are germinating.

While those are the basic requirements, other factors can best get considered depending on the chosen method of germination. We are going to illustrate the different ways of germinating cannabis seeds using the easiest to the most challenging practices of germination.

Cannabis Germinating Techniques

1. The paper towel method

The paper towel method of germinating weed seeds is arguably the easiest. The factors to consider when using the technique include:

  • Two plates
  • Paper
  • Neutral water
  • A mixture 40% sand and 60% soil
  • Pots for the plants
  • A fluorescent tube.

1. Place the seed between some dampened pieces of paper towel. It’s highly recommended to use distilled water to germinate your marijuana seeds.

2. Afterwards, place the marijuana seeds (in the towels) between 2 plates and put it somewhere warm. The best temperature to germinate your cannabis seeds is between 21 and 25 degrees celcius.

3. Open the plate’s only once a day just to have a look. Take note of a tiny white root tip starting to emerge from the marijuana seed. Some cannabis seeds will sprout in a day, while others need a week before they crack open.

4. Ensure that the towel will not dry out. Put a little bit of water over it every three days.

5. Once the root has come out of the marijuana seed, you have to put the cannabis seeds in a small pot filled with soil.

6. Make a little hole in the soil. Holes with half an inch deep are suffice. Plant the marijuana seed with its root facing the hole. Cover the hole with some soil and give it a little bit of water. Make sure the marijuana seeds are still covered with soil after you water them.

7. Place the pots with the marijuana seeds under a fluorescent lamp and give it a little bit of water every day.

8. Turn the lights on for about a few hours a day. After 3 to 7 day’s, you will see the first few signs of the marijuana plant. The lamp should be at least an inch above the topmost portion of the young cannabis plant in order to avoid burning its leaves.

9. After 3 to 4 weeks, the marijuana plant should be about 4 inches high and thus big enough to be transferred to a bigger pot. If the temperature allows it, you can now put them outside or place them in your indoor growing room.

2. Direct germination

The direct germination of ganja seeds is as easy as it sounds. Necessarily, the marijuana seeds will pop after getting subjected to water, where the white tendril will go downwards and start growing.

The best thing we like about the direct germination of the pot is that there is no reason to worry about the hassle you meet when the time for transplanting comes. Substantially, this method listed on our how to germinate cannabis seeds guide works across every other growing medium, but the difficulty may vary.

If you do everything right, the seeds will come out sturdily since they will not undergo any stress and will adapt to the very conditions of growth.

So, if you decide to germinate cannabis seeds directly on soil or soilless mediums, the process is all the same – make a hole between 1.5 and 2.6cm in moist soil/soilless medium, but where it gets grown, the medium shouldn’t be soaked.

1. Overnight soaking

This process typically involves the usage of a clear glass cup and soaking the weed seeds in warm water, overnight. The process is ideal for those cannabis seeds that have somewhat hard shells or those that are aged.

If the seeds are excellent, they start off by floating in the slightly warm water but sink with time. The reason for using a clear glass cup is to ensure that you may keep in pace with how the seeds germinate. Should you see a white tendril, then rest assured that your marijuana seeds have germinated!

However, the main emphasis is that the water should be slightly warm as when it’s hot, it will end up destroying the seed and inhibiting its chances of germination. The time it takes for a viable seed to sprout is dependent on the age. For instance, newer marijuana seeds germinate in a few hours after getting soaked, with old seeds taking their ample time for the taproot to penetrate through the shell. Either way, it would be worthwhile not to saturate a seed for more than 30 hours.

2. Using a germination station

A germination station best fits amateurs, even though aggressive beginners can use the technique for germinating cannabis seeds. So, what is this station? It is a tool tailored explicitly for providing a grower with the optimal conditions for germination, regardless of what is getting sprouted.

A germination station is affordable, and the grower doesn’t have to break the bank to have their tool. However, if you are genuinely on a tight budget and are convinced that going the DIY way is possible from your side, then it could be a breeze to make one.

You need to follow these simple steps:

Have a plastic dome ready

· Place the same plastic dome on a heating pad

· You have your germination station now.

A professionally manufactured germination station is ideal for amateurs since it provides all the necessities for germination and works efficiently and, of course, well.

If you buy one, using it is as easy as we are going to debunk here. Firstly, it has a seedling cube for germinating the seeds. Secondly, should you need to transplant the seedlings, you typically need to carry the cube with the seedling and plant it on where the growing medium where you have made the hole.

The roots appear from the bottommost part of the cube, so, you need to place the cube as it is on the growing medium while factoring that that medium shouldn’t be oversoaked.

3. Seedling plugs

If you are an expert, this is your thing when it comes to germinating marijuana seeds – seedling plugs and starter cubes. These plugs are already readymade and with instructions to make pot germination a breeze.

Using it involves placing the marijuana seed of your choice in the plug or cube, follow the watering instructions, and the seedlings will sprout as soon as possible since they’ll be having the factors necessitating their ultimate growth.

So, how do these tools work? Well, a plug or a cube has a hole, where the cannabis grower will place their seed. That said, one needs to put that very seed on the designated hole and place their finger on the topmost part to make the seed enter the plug or cube well.

Provided the seed is viable; this is one of the few methods that all marijuana growing experts claim to guarantee 100% sprouting chances.

Transplanting your germinated cannabis seedlings

You now have the 5 top-tier procedures for necessitating the cannabis seeds germination. Now that the highest chances are that all the weed seeds will germinate, how do you go about planting and taking care of the seedlings?

The first step to follow is ensuring that you have a ready growing medium. This could be an outdoor, indoor, or hydroponics mediums. Let’s take an example that you would like to grow cannabis in pots. The critical idea is ensuring that you fill the growing pot with sufficient soil while ensuring it is loose to make the seedling flourish stress-free.

Use a pencil to bear a hole up to ¼ inches deep and transfer the seedling into the very hole using a pair of tweezers. Using your bare hands may lead to the distortion of the taproot/ white tendril. Also, ensure that this taproot is what faces downwards, and cover the seedling-to-be in a thin soil layer.

Ensure that the seedling gets ample moisture, and if need be, use a pH meter for accuracy purposes. You don’t need to pour loads of water on the seedling as it will perhaps die. Instead, use a sprayer bottle to water your cannabis seedling.

The seedlings should be above the ground within a week, and the chances are that if it doesn’t within 9 days, your seed may have gotten spoilt. Also, heat is primal and grow lights may be used to up the chances of your seedling sprouting. Happy cannabis cultivation!

Do you need more info? Read our Grow Guide with more detailed info for growing your batch of cannabis seeds. Are you in need of some easy to grow seeds? Our Marijuana Seeds Table details which seeds are perfect for you.

1. Direct germination

The direct germination of ganja seeds is as easy as it sounds. Necessarily, the marijuana seeds will pop after getting subjected to water, where the white tendril will go downwards and start growing.

The best thing we like about the direct germination of the pot is that there is no reason to worry about the hassle you meet when the time for transplanting comes. Substantially, this method listed on our how to germinate cannabis seeds guide works across every other growing medium, but the difficulty may vary.

If you do everything right, the seeds will come out sturdily since they will not undergo any stress and will adapt to the very conditions of growth.

So, if you decide to germinate cannabis seeds directly on soil or soilless mediums, the process is all the same – make a hole between 1.5 and 2.6cm in moist soil/soilless medium, but where it gets grown, the medium shouldn’t be soaked.

2. Overnight soaking

This process typically involves the usage of a clear glass cup and soaking the weed seeds in warm water, overnight. The process is ideal for those cannabis seeds that have somewhat hard shells or those that are aged.

If the seeds are excellent, they start off by floating in the slightly warm water but sink with time. The reason for using a clear glass cup is to ensure that you may keep in pace with how the seeds germinate. Should you see a white tendril, then rest assured that your marijuana seeds have germinated!

However, the main emphasis is that the water should be slightly warm as when it’s hot, it will end up destroying the seed and inhibiting its chances of germination. The time it takes for a viable seed to sprout is dependent on the age. For instance, newer marijuana seeds germinate in a few hours after getting soaked, with old seeds taking their ample time for the taproot to penetrate through the shell. Either way, it would be worthwhile not to saturate a seed for more than 30 hours.

3. Using a germination station

A germination station best fits amateurs, even though aggressive beginners can use the technique for germinating cannabis seeds. So, what is this station? It is a tool tailored explicitly for providing a grower with the optimal conditions for germination, regardless of what is getting sprouted.

A germination station is affordable, and the grower doesn’t have to break the bank to have their tool. However, if you are genuinely on a tight budget and are convinced that going the DIY way is possible from your side, then it could be a breeze to make one.

You need to follow these simple steps:

· Have a plastic dome ready

· Place the same plastic dome on a heating pad

· You have your germination station now.

A professionally manufactured germination station is ideal for amateurs since it provides all the necessities for germination and works efficiently and, of course, well.

If you buy one, using it is as easy as we are going to debunk here. Firstly, it has a seedling cube for germinating the seeds. Secondly, should you need to transplant the seedlings, you typically need to carry the cube with the seedling and plant it on where the growing medium where you have made the hole.

The roots appear from the bottommost part of the cube, so, you need to place the cube as it is on the growing medium while factoring that that medium shouldn’t be oversoaked.

4. Seedling plugs

If you are an expert, this is your thing when it comes to germinating marijuana seeds – seedling plugs and starter cubes. These plugs are already readymade and with instructions to make pot germination a breeze.

Using it involves placing the marijuana seed of your choice in the plug or cube, follow the watering instructions, and the seedlings will sprout as soon as possible since they’ll be having the factors necessitating their ultimate growth.

So, how do these tools work? Well, a plug or a cube has a hole, where the cannabis grower will place their seed. That said, one needs to put that very seed on the designated hole and place their finger on the topmost part to make the seed enter the plug or cube well.

Provided the seed is viable; this is one of the few methods that all marijuana growing experts claim to guarantee 100% sprouting chances.

Transplanting your germinated cannabis seedlings

You now have the 5 top-tier procedures for necessitating the cannabis seeds germination. Now that the highest chances are that all the weed seeds will germinate, how do you go about planting and taking care of the seedlings?

The first step to follow is ensuring that you have a ready growing medium. This could be an outdoor, indoor, or hydroponics mediums. Let’s take an example that you would like to grow cannabis in pots. The critical idea is ensuring that you fill the growing pot with sufficient soil while ensuring it is loose to make the seedling flourish stress-free.

Use a pencil to bear a hole up to ¼ inches deep and transfer the seedling into the very hole using a pair of tweezers. Using your bare hands may lead to the distortion of the taproot/ white tendril. Also, ensure that this taproot is what faces downwards, and cover the seedling-to-be in a thin soil layer.

Ensure that the seedling gets ample moisture, and if need be, use a pH meter for accuracy purposes. You don’t need to pour loads of water on the seedling as it will perhaps die. Instead, use a sprayer bottle to water your cannabis seedling.

The seedlings should be above the ground within a week, and the chances are that if it doesn’t within 9 days, your seed may have gotten spoilt. Also, heat is primal and grow lights may be used to up the chances of your seedling sprouting. Happy cannabis cultivation!

Germinating your weed seeds correctly means a great start to your growing progress. Read our 9 step "HOW TO" for germination succes, every time!