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Lavender

Procedure of Germination (& Planting) Seeds

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Lavender

SUMMARY (K method) :
Lavender seeds need stratification 3 weeks, then the process of germination, next sown in place of exposed to direct sunlight, and only then planted and cared for. Seed shoots out 1 – 4 weeks, first harvest Lavender start 12 – 16 months.

Lavender Seed in order to germinate / germinate optimally, it is necessary to do stratification of the seed ie created a seed environment in accordance with their habitat (according to the environment where the seeds originated).

Take some tissue or cotton or paper towels, then moisten the tissue / cotton using a soft water sprayer. Humid enough, do not get stagnant water so that the seeds are not moldy or rotten. The size is quite humid is no more water dripping even though the tissue / cotton swung.

Water to moisturize tissue / cotton / paper towels should be bottled water or boiled water.

Next put the tissue / cotton into a plastic bag.

Take Lavender seeds which has been soaked and sliced, then place the seeds on a tissue / cotton with a neat distance.

Roll the plastic bag from the bottom so that most of the air inside comes out. After being rolled up, then immediately close the plastic bag.

Put the plastic bag in the refrigerator (not in the freezer) during 3 weeks, for stratification.

The ideal temperature needed is actually between 1-5 C, so that if possible put it in a location that has a temperature of 1-10 C or close to 10 C.Usually that temperature can be reached on a “crisper” shelf in the refrigerator.

Check it every week and adjust the conditions if needed.
In order to be able to examine carefully, how to take a plastic bag from the refrigerator, then examine it carefully. If alright, then put the plastic bag back in the refrigerator.

If condensation occurs or moisture (water droplets) appears, then lift the plastic bag and gently tap to drop the water droplets. Next put the plastic bag back in the refrigerator with it lying on the opposite side so that the wet seeds can dry out.
If the tissue / cotton dries, add one or two drops of water.
If mold or black spots appear on a seed, remove the seed and clean it if possible. But if it is difficult to clean, then throw the seeds.
If it turns out that all the seeds in the bag are attacked by fungus, add a little fungicide.

After 3 weeks, remove the seeds from the refrigerator and do the germination process.

If there is one or several Lavender seeds, it turns out that a root candidate has grown (1 – 3 mm) before 3 weeks, then immediately remove it from the refrigerator the seed sprouts, and do the germination process.

Seed germination or seed germination is the process of making the seeds shoot out (germinate).

Prepare a germination container (a place for Lavender seeds to sprout / germinate) ie tissue or paper towel that is easily cut, and plastic bags that can be closed.

How to do it: take the germination container (tissue / paper towel), then moisten the germination container using a soft water sprayer. Humid enough, do not get stagnant water so that the seeds are not moldy or rotten.

Water to moisturize tissue / paper towels should be bottled water or boiled water.

  • For Lavender seeds that are not yet germinating:
    • Take Lavender seeds which has been stratification, then place the seeds on tissue / paper towel with a neat distance, and don’t cover the seeds anymore with tissue / paper towel.
    • Next, enter tissue / paper towel which already contains Lavender seeds into a plastic bag and tightly closed the plastic bag.
  • For Lavender seed that has grown a root candidate (1 – 3 mm):
    • Take the seeds that have sprouted, then place the seeds on tissue / paper towel with a neat distance, and don’t cover the seeds anymore with tissue / paper towel.
    • Next, enter tissue / paper towel into a plastic bag and don’t cover the plastic.

    If using tissue, then use 2-3 tissues that are stacked so that the mirrored container is not too thin.

    Then put the plastic in place bright is a place that gets direct sunlight but is protected from rain, for example near a glass window, or on the terrace of a house that is protected from direct rain.

    Check every day and adjust the conditions if needed.
    If the tissue / paper towel dries, add one or two drops of water.
    If mold or black spots appear on a seed, remove the seed and clean it if possible. But if it is difficult to clean, then throw the seeds.
    If it turns out that all the seeds inside are attacked by fungus, add a little fungicide.

    Lavender Seed will shoot out (germinate) after 1 – 4 weeks. The time needed for each Lavender seed to germinate is indeed not uniform, because it depends on the quality of each seed, as well as the environment / conditions around each seed.

    If the Lavender seed has sprouts / the buds appear around 0.9 – 2.1 cm, then transfer the seeds that have sprouted into the media seedlings / planting.

    Prepare seedling containers (places for seeding) that can be in the form of trays, trays, polybags, pots, used tins, etc.

    To note in the use of seedling containers is the bottom of the container must be given enough holes for smooth circulation of water (so that excess water comes out of the container, so that the seedling media is not muddy or excess water).
    It could also be the side of the container is given a hole to further facilitate water circulation.

    Prepare the seedling media which can be a mixture of soil, sand or roasted husk, and compost or manure in a ratio of 1 : 1 : 1 or 2 : 1 : 1.

    In the market there are already many available single planting media (already in the form of a mixture of soil, etc.) that can be used directly to sow the seeds.

    Before using the planting media purchased on the market, it is recommended that the planting media be opened first for 1 day in the shade / open area protected from direct sunlight > and rain. The goal is to cool the heat in the package, then the planting media is ready to use.

    Most importantly, at the moment Lavender sprout seeds is inserted into the seedling media, the seedling media must be “loose (not solid and hard)”, so that the root of the seeds / seeds that will grow later can freely penetrate the seedling media.

    The day before sowing Lavender seeds that have sprouted, insert the planting media into the seedling container (tray / pot / polybag). Furthermore, wet the planting media first, and try to plant the media in a loose (not solid) condition.

    Then enter the sprout seeds into the planting medium. How to insert it by making a small hole first, then tear or scissors tissue / paper towel around the seeds that sprout. Put the sprout seeds together with their tissue / paper towel into the hole (later tissue / paper towel they will be crushed to the ground). In laying the seed sprouts, position the roots below and shoots above. Then cover the seeds with a little soil around it, where some shoots must appear on the surface of the soil.

    If using a special seeding tray, it is recommended that each box be filled in 1-2 Lavender seeds.

    After that, flush with a soft water spray (preferably using a sprayer).

    Put the nursery container in a bright is a place that is exposed to direct sunlight but protected from rain, for example near a glass window, or on the terrace of a house that is protected from direct rain. place

    Take care of the nursery which includes watering, spacing the seeds, as well as preventing pests and diseases.

    Seedlings in the nursery must get enough and regular water for growth, so the nursery needs to be kept not dry and not too wet. How to spray with a fine water spray (use a spray tool), done 1-2 times a day (morning and evening) depending on the conditions. If the growing media conditions are moist, spray water enough once a day, even just 2 days. The excess watering tends to have more negative impacts than the lack of watering.

    If the nursery does not use a special tray, then pay attention to the seeds that grow, whether too tight or not. If it is too tight (almost piled up between seeds), do the spacing, which is to move the seeds that are too tight to other places so that there is no buildup.

    The disease that often attacks the newly growing seedlings is leaf rot and root rot. Prevention is done by keeping the nursery not too wet and spraying with appropriate pesticides.

    In general, if there is excess watering, the leaf will start to turn yellow from the bottom. If this happens, then immediately stop watering. Conversely, if watering is lacking, the leaves will look withered, then begin to dry and eventually fall out. So when the leaves look wilted, that means less watering, and when the leaves turn yellow means excess watering.

    After the Lavender seedlings grow large enough (has 2 – 6 leaves), the seedlings are transferred to growing media (where planting is prepared).

    If the place / container to plant Lavender uses polybag/pot, polybag/pot must be given a hole in the bottom and make it so that the bottom does not touch the ground, so that the water does not stay in the polyamag for too long (can flow out) .

    For simplicity, before being given planting media (soil), first insert the small stones (or rock fragments) into polybag/pot. These stones serve as a buffer for the growing media while preventing drainage holes from clogging.

    Then fill polybag/pot with planting media up to 75% – 85% part of polybag/pot (meaning not to the full).

    The planting media used can be in the form of a mixture of soil, sand or fuel husk, and compost or manure with a ratio of 1 : 1 : 1 or 2 : 1 : 1.

    In the market there are already many available single planting media (already in the form of a mixture of soil, etc.) that can be used directly to sow the seeds.

    Before using the planting media purchased on the market, it is recommended that the planting media be opened first for 1 day in the shade / open area protected from direct sunlight > and rain. The goal is to cool the heat in the package, then the planting media is ready to use.

    Most importantly, when Lavender bemih is inserted into the planting media, the planting media must be “loose (not solid and hard)”, so that the roots of the seeds / seeds that will grow later will freely penetrate the planting media.

    The day before you start planting or start transplanting plant seeds, first place the planting media in the planting container (polybag, pots, used tins, etc.)). Then flush with a little water so that the growing media becomes moist, and try to keep the growing media in a loose (not solid) condition.

    Make a hole in the planting media (soil) first in the relevant polybag/pot. The hole is used to place / plant seedlings that have been sown.

    Remove the Lavender plant seeds from the nursery that already has 2 – 6 leaves. Transplants are done one at a time and slowly (carefully) so there is no damage to the roots that are still weak. The trick, take / lift the seedlings by including the soil around the roots. To take / lift the seedlings they can use a spoon or a small / large shovel.

    Then enter the Lavender seeds and the surrounding soil into the prepared hole. Add planting media (soil) around the seedlings. Seedlings must appear on the surface of the soil in an upright position, if it is difficult to be upheld, then press the soil slightly so that the seedlings can stand upright.

    After planting, spray / flush with a little water (use a soft water spray).

    Place the Lavender plant in a bright location which is exposed to direct sun but not exposed to rain.

    After the emergence of new shoots (growing new leaves) and the plants are considered already sturdy, Lavender plants are considered ready, and then the pot / polybag can be placed in an open location.

    Lavender plant care includes watering, fertilizing, replanting, pest control and plant diseases.

    Watering Lavender plants should be done carefully so that the plants are not damaged, both leaves and stems. If the planting media dries easily, then the frequency of watering should be twice a day, ie morning and evening. If the planting media tends to be moist, then watering is only done once a day, morning or evening. It is better not to water during the day, because it can cause plants to wilt.

    The application of fertilizer to Lavender plants is done with the dosage and method of using fertilizer which is adjusted with the instructions on the package of each fertilizer.

    If the Lavender plant seeds grow imperfectly or damaged or die, then immediately do replanting (replanting) with other Lavender seeds (if any).

    When around the Lavender plant weeds grow, then do weeding by pulling the weeds out, it is also loosening the soil around the plant.

    Do additional soil in Lavender plants, especially if the soil around the plant begins to erode, or there are plant roots that emerge to the ground. Also when plants grow slightly tilted (not upright).

    Plant Pest Control.

    • Plant pests include trips, aphids, mites, whitefly, bark caterpillars, etc. The chances of the emergence of these plant pests will be higher in the dry season.
    • If one plant is exposed to pests and left alone, then the other plants will also be exposed to these pests, so don’t leave them alone.
    • To overcome this, control by spraying insecticides for insect pests and akarisida for mites, every week according to the dose, if needed.

    Plant Disease Control.

    • Plant diseases include sprouting, bacterial wilt, fusarium, anthracnose, leaf rot (choanephora), phytophora blight, leaf spot (cercospora), bacterial spotting, bacterial soft rot, yellow curling, etc. The attack of certain diseases caused by fungi and bacteria will be higher in the rainy season.
    • As with pests, if one plant is exposed to disease and left alone, then the other plants will also get the disease quickly, so don’t leave it.
    • To overcome this, do control by spraying fungicides every week according to the dose, if needed. The dosage instructions are on the related fungicide packaging.

    Lavender harvest can be done in 12 – 16 months.

    The time needed for each Lavender plant for the first harvest is indeed not uniform, because it depends on the quality of each initial seed, the environment / conditions around each seed at the time of sprouting and growing, and the care of each Lavender plant.

    Andra Farm Headquarters

    Jl. Bumi Sentosa Raya Blok A3 No.3,
    Cibinong, Bogor, West Java 16912, Indonesia

    Toll Free Phone: 0800 1234 000

    Phone/HP/SMS/WA: 0811 1104 824 / 25 / 26 / 27
    Fax : 021 – 8760072

    Lavender Procedure of Germination (& Planting) Seeds Display on Laptop Mobile Lavender SUMMARY (K method) : Lavender seeds need stratification 3 weeks, then the