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cal mag for weed

How to Prevent Nitrogen, Calcium & Magnesium Deficiencies (N & Cal-Mag)

Here’s the short-and-sweet, cheat-sheet version:

  • Bottom leaves are wilting, turning yellow, and falling off on their own
  • Plant is in the flowering stage
  • Leaves are dark green
  • Leaf tips are clawed

You may need a Cal-Mag supplement if…

  • Using reverse osmosis (RO) or soft water
  • Growing in coco coir
  • Your plant is showing a deficiency in Calcium (brown spots), Magnesium (lower leaves turn yellow between the veins) or Iron (bright yellow new growth) even though the pH is correct
  • Some growers always include a Cal-Mag supplement

Cannabis plants grow best when they’re getting the nutrients they need at the right time. Humans are the same way; if we’re missing certain vitamins it limits our growth when we’re young, and as we get older a lack of vitamins causes us to become sick in strange ways. Conversely, humans can also run into problems when they get an overabundance of vitamins.

Just like humans with vitamins, giving cannabis too high levels of nutrients can also cause problems. Like many things in life, cannabis plants (and plants in general) need a sort of balance.

Luckily, for the most part, cannabis plants are not too picky about nutrients despite what nutrient companies might have you believe.

Cannabis is generally not that picky about nutrients, except for a few…

Your cannabis plants can tolerate a wide range of environments, but there are a few nutrients which tend to cause problems more often than others. If these nutrients aren’t present in the correct amounts, it will affect your growth rates, as well as the quality and quantity of your buds.

That being said, most of the time, nutrient deficiencies are caused by the wrong root pH, not from needing more nutrients.

Most nutrient deficiencies are caused by the wrong root pH, but sometimes you actually need to add more or less of a particular nutrient for plants to grow their best.

A few major nutrients often cause problems that are not related to pH. Although pH can be the culprit, these nutrients often need to be provided in higher or lower doses to prevent deficiencies/toxicities.

Many growers need more or less of these nutrients for proper cannabis growth and bud formation:

Nitrogen (N)

First, there’s nitrogen…Nitrogen makes up more of your plant (as a percentage of dry mass) than pretty much any other nutrient or mineral, and it plays a hand in many plant processes.

Without an external source of nitrogen, your plant cannot grow past its first or second set of leaves. Nitrogen is that important to growth and photosynthesis.

With nitrogen, you can get both deficiencies and toxicities.

Here’s what to look out for…

Symptoms of Nitrogen Deficiency

Lower growth on the plant turns yellow and sometimes the yellow leaves get brown splotches.

Affected leaves become soft and start wilting.

Once the leaf has wilted, it sometimes dries up and turns crispy.

Leaves fall off the plant on their own; a gentle tug will remove affected leaves.

If left unchecked, a nitrogen deficiency will climb up the plant.

There are other nutrient problems that cause the lower leaves of a cannabis plant to turn yellow, but only a nitrogen deficiency causes leaves to become soft enough to fall off on their own.

It is normal to lose a few leaves to nitrogen deficiencies here and there, especially if you have a lot of lower leaves that are receiving low amounts of light. It’s also normal to see nitrogen deficiencies in the second half of the flowering stage as the plants are focusing on buds instead of leaves.

However, if you see a nitrogen deficiency early in the plant’s life, or if you’re losing tons of leaves at once, a nitrogen deficiency needs to be addressed immediately.

But it’s not just too little nitrogen that causes problems. Often, you’ll see problems caused by too much nitrogen; a nitrogen toxicity.

Symptoms of Nitrogen Toxicity

Leaves can become dark green and sometimes shiny looking

Tips of leaves are bent sharply down in what’s known as “the Claw.”

Buds grow slowly and final taste/smell is not as good as normal.

Leaf tips pointing down from nitrogen toxicity

Here’s what a nitrogen toxicity looks like during flowering. This much nitrogen during the budding stage will cause buds to develop more slowly and reduce overall yields. Plus, nitrogen-burnt buds tend to carry a “hay” or “fresh-cut grass” taste/smell even after being harvested and cured.

Many new growers accidentally give their plants too much Nitrogen, especially in the flowering stage

As a grower, you’re interested in how much nitrogen to give your plants at a specific time. The ratio of nitrogen to other nutrients has a huge effect on growth and bud formation.

Vegetative Stage – higher levels of nitrogen (pretty much any plant food will do)

Most complete plant foods that you get at a gardening store contain high levels of nitrogen (N). These nutrient systems tend to work well in the vegetative stage.

Some examples of cannabis-friendly one-part Vegetative nutrient systems…

Pretty much any complete plant food

Flowering Stage – lower levels of Nitrogen (use “Bloom” or Cactus nutrients)

It’s extra important to find a nutrient system with lower levels of nitrogen for the last part of your plant’s life. Many “Bloom” or “Flowering” style base nutrients are just the ticket.

Some examples of good one-part Flowering nutrient systems…

If you can’t order online and can’t find a good one-part base Bloom formula locally, you do have other choices. Though not an ideal choice, most Cactus plant foods will contain good nutrient ratios for growing cannabis during the budding stage. So in a pinch, you can use the cactus nutrients that can be found at most gardening stores.

Ok now that you’ve got a handle on nitrogen….

Cal-Mag: Calcium (Ca) & Magnesium (Mg)
and their cousin Iron (Fe)…

Calcium and magnesium often come together in a “Cal-Mag” supplement. These nutrients work together with iron in many plant processes, so iron is usually included in any Cal-Mag supplement.

Calcium, magnesium and iron are incredibly important to photosynthesis (making energy from light) and maintaining the structure of the plant. When things go wrong, you’ll often see multiple deficiencies at the same time while plant growth slows to a halt.

Why do these three specific nutrients almost always come packaged together? Calcium, magnesium and iron are closely related when it comes to nutrient uptake. If there’s a deficiency of one, it can trigger deficiencies of the others. So, iron is always provided in the right ratio of calcium-to- magnesium-to-iron, to help prevent an imbalance.

Here’s what to look out for…

Symptoms of Calcium Deficiency

Appears at the top of the plant – new growth on your plant is spotted and unhealthy

Growth slows to a crawl

New leaves develop small brown spots that never go away

Buds develop more slowly

With a Calcium deficiency, newer leaves look like this, with tons of little spots. This one was found near the top of the plant under the light

This lower fan leaf is mostly in the shade, but the calcium deficiency appears near the edges that are getting light. Calcium deficiencies often show up on parts of the leaves that are still actively growing.

Symptoms of Magnesium Deficiency

Appears at the bottom of the plant on older growth (instead of on top like a calcium deficiency)

Leaves become light green between the veins and may develop small brown spots

Leaves eventually turn yellow and photosynthesis stops on the affected leaves

If left unchecked, a magnesium deficiency slowly kills bottom leaves, with problems climbing up the plant as magnesium is transferred from older leaves to newer parts of the plant

Leaves with a magnesium deficiency do not usually fall off the plant on their own (as they do with a nitrogen deficiency)

Symptoms of Iron Deficiency

All new growth on your plant will be yellow, sometimes bright yellow in extreme cases like below.

Growth is severely stunted on affected leaves.

Relatively rare compared to calcium and magnesium deficiencies, as they usually “take over” the plant.

This iron deficiency may have been caused by not enough calcium in the coco coir growing medium.

Do you need a “Cal-Mag” supplement?

Just because you’re seeing related deficiencies DOES NOT mean that you necessarily need a Cal-Mag supplement for your cannabis plants.

In addition to being at the heart of many plant problems, Calcium and Magnesium deficiencies are also some of the most commonly misdiagnosed problems by indoor cannabis growers. I’ve seen growers prescribe Cal-Mag for almost everything, from slow growth to nitrogen deficiencies.

Cal-Mag is only needed for certain situations, and there’s no reason to add extra Cal-Mag if you’re not actually trying to fix something. This isn’t a “supplement” that will make your plants grow faster. It’s only useful in preventing nutrient deficiencies. That being said, a lot of cannabis growers include Cal-Mag in every grow and it

These things can trigger what appear to be Cal-Mag deficiencies – fix the problem and many deficiencies will go away…

PH is too high or low

Uneven moisture levels in the soil or growing medium

Too-high levels of N-P-K nutrients

Anything that negatively affects the ability of nutrients to travel through the plant can trigger Cal-Mag related deficiencies, even when the minerals are actually there near the roots.

That’s why it’s important to maintain correct humidity levels, and avoid letting some parts of the growing medium get wetter than others (best results are achieved by making sure all parts of the growing medium are equally wet).

More importantly, when you’re faced with a deficiency, check the pH levels of your rootzone. A surprising number of issues with pH are misdiagnosed and end up needlessly costing growers money. These charts will tell you what range is needed to uptake each nutrient: Soil and Hydro

Be careful not to overfeed plants in an attempt to keep away deficiencies. When plants are being bombarded with too-high levels of nutrients it can cause several strange leaf problems, with apparent signs of calcium, magnesium and iron deficiencies commonly showing up.

But sometimes you’ll see Cal-Mag deficiencies even when taking care of all the above problems. And there are several situations where a Cal-Mag supplement becomes necessary for healthy cannabis growth.

Add extra Cal-Mag when…

Growing in coco coir (coco coir tends to lock out calcium for cannabis, so extra Cal-Mag should be provided for at least the first two weeks of cannabis growth, and possibly throughout the grow)

Using RO water (Reverse Osmosis water is completely pure, and doesn’t contain any extra calcium, magnesium or iron)

Using “soft” or heavily purified water

Cal-Mag deficiencies are still appearing even after taking care of all the environmental triggers listed above

That’s it! You are now versed on some of the most important cannabis nutrients! Following the tips in this article will help you achieve the fastest growth and biggest yields possible!

Nitrogen, calcium and magnesium cause the most common cannabis nutrient deficiencies. Learn what to look out for and how to protect your cannabis plants!

Deficiency and excess of Calcium in cannabis plants

Calcium and cannabis

First symptoms of Ca deficiency

Calcium is a very important secondary nutrient given the large amount of this element that the plant needs during its entire life cycle. From the very beginning, and already in the seed germination stage, calcium takes direct part in root development and protein synthesis. It’s absorbed by the roots in the form of Ca++ ion.

It also gives support to other elements that, when combined, participate in different metabolic processes such as the creation of vitamins – in this case, vitamin B12. These vitamins will join and form part of the cellular walls of the plant tissues, making them stronger to attacks from pathogens, and keeping their cells active and vital.

The role of calcium in cannabis plants

  • Calcium is necessary for the growth of the cell walls of the root system
  • It ‘s an immobile element
  • It enhances the decomposition process of organic matter, improving nutrient uptake by the plant
  • It acts as bridge between humus and nutrients

Symptoms of intermediate Ca deficiency

Calcium deficiency

Calcium is an element easily found in the soil, so due its high availability for the plants we usually don’t find imbalances of this component except in very acidic soils.

Deficiencies can normally be more present in hydroponic crops due to the use of inert substrates (coco-coir, clay pebbles, rock wool, mapito. ) or when we don’t use substrate, as is the case of aeroponic systems.

In these cases, we must check that the calcium intake of cannabis plants is correct to prevent deficiencies in the early stages. Many of the fertilisers that we can find on the market have calcium, but sometimes it isn’t enough to avoid deficiencies, particularly if you are using reverse osmosis water, which doesn’t contain nutrients.

In this case (RO) you will have to prepare the nutrient solution in a different way: before adding any other fertiliser, pour two parts of calcium per one of magnesium until reaching an EC value from 0.0 to 0.3-0.4.

Visible symptoms of calcium deficiency in cannabis plants

  • The youngest leaves of the plant are the first to be visibly affected
  • The growth of the upper part of the plant is slowed down
  • The root system is also affected, what reduces nutrient uptake
  • As the deficiency progresses, the youngest leaves turn yellowish and become deformed
  • Bud development is seriously reduced

To control the calcium deficiency we can perform foliar applications of Ca with a Ph of 7.2 directly on the affected leaves. We can also add calcium and magnesium to the nutrient solution, increasing the initial EC value in 0.2 points during about five days.

Calcium excess in cannabis plants

Serious Ca deficiency

The excess of calcium is difficult to detect and causes a lock-out of various nutrients such as potassium, magnesium, manganese and iron. In different hydroponic growing systems, and when there is calcium excess in the tank it comes in contact with the sulphur of the nutrient solution, this calcium precipitates and remains on the bottom of the tank.

In this circumstance, you will have to change the nutrient solution of the tank.

Calcium is an element that is directly related to the transpiration of plants. This transpiration control comes, in essence, from the roots and the stomata, which are located on the leaves. It can happen that the stomata are closed by an excess of heat, causing a superficial burn which could be confused with a symptom of calcium deficiency.

It should also be noted that, with a deficiency of this element, plants are always more susceptible to heat stress given that calcium contributes in the protein creation, which make plants more resistant to high temperatures.

How to supply cannabis plants with calcium

As we have already mentioned, if you are using osmosis water for watering your plants you should add calcium and magnesium before adding fertilisers to the nutrient solution. Since osmosis water doesn’t contain any nutrients, your initial EC value will always be 0.0.

Fertilisers for marijuana plants already contain the necessary micro-elements for the life of the plant, but there are nutrients such as calcium or magnesium which should be present in higher concentrations – especially at the early stages – to ensure that marijuana plants have everything they need to develop properly.

Tap water with an EC range of 0.3-0.4 is perfect, since this EC level is suitable to make the mix with fertilisers and ensure right amounts of Ca and Mg in the nutrient solution. It should be noted that, depending on the grown strain, it may be necessary to add extra calcium and magnesium during the flowering stage to prevent deficiencies from the 4th – 5th week, when plants are in full bloom.

In this case, this extra supply is important so, on the one hand, plants can reduce any kind of stress during the entire crop, and on the other hand we’ll harvest the best possible quality and quantity of buds. For these cases you can use Aptus Regulator during the entire crop, reducing the water needs of the plant to up to a 30% while making them more resistant to dehydration caused by high temperatures or periods of drought.

Identifying calcium deficiency in cannabis plants

Ca deficiency in lower and older leaves of the plant

Example of the condition of a plant with calcium deficiency

In this post we show you how to identify calcium deficiency in your plants. This nutrient imbalance is difficult to detect, so you must pay close atte

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how to top a marijuana plant

Topping Cannabis Guide: How to Top Your Plants

Cutting Cannabis For Better Structure: “Topping”

Topping is a cannabis plant training techniques that involves cutting off the top of a main stem. The technique is designed to give you a free way to create more colas as well as spread out the plant so you can take advantage of all your light. As a result, topping can help you achieve bigger marijuana yields!

Most plants naturally only have one main stem. The idea of “topping” is to cut off the top of a main stem to split it into two.

The two growth tips that remain will each develop into their own stem. Each stem can turn into a bud/cola in the flowering stage, so by topping the plant once or a few times, you increase the total number of buds sites under the grow light, and it also helps you keep the plant flat and wide.

It you let a marijuana plant grow naturally, it will usually grow one main stem

But if you top the plant when it’s young, you can cause it to grow multiple colas in basically the same amount of time! This often lets you grow more bud in the same amount of space with the same grow light.

…In the same amount of vertical space as a plant like this

All plant training techniques are designed to help growers get a more desirable plant shape and bigger yields without changing other aspects of their grow. For example, cannabis plants don’t naturally grow in a way that takes full advantage of indoor grow lights – a lot of light is wasted when cannabis plants are allowed to grow naturally without training.

Because of this, cannabis plant training techniques like topping are especially effective at increasing yields in indoor grow setups by creating a bushier plant with extra colas.

Notice how these plants have many colas instead of just one – this is due to using plant training techniques like topping.

Learn about FIMing, a very similar plant training technique that removes slightly “less off the top” but still results in multiple colas.

In the above example, the plant on the left was allowed to grow naturally, which resulted in the classic “Christmas tree” shape that’s not very efficient under indoor grow lights. The plant on the right was topped as a seedling. This broke the dominance of the main cola, and the plant started putting out multiple colas.

With topping, the growth tips that become new colas are already present. They just get bigger and become colas because topping breaks the symmetry of the plant and exposes these growth tips to light and air. Instead of focusing on just one cola, the plant starts focusing on many growth tips until they become colas.

Topping Involves Removing or Damaging Top Growth – This Reveals Hidden Growth Tips and Signals Plants to Start Putting Energy Into Them

By damaging the main stem, topping encourages the plant to spend energy growing many colas instead of focusing on just one.

Lower growth nodes will become new colas once they’re exposed to light and air, but they develop much faster when the main cola’s dominance is broken by topping.

Notice how these growth tips have started developing and rising up after plant is topped (the fan leaves have been removed so you can see the new colas more easily)

Here’s an example of a plant that was topped at a late age, after it had already grown 8 nodes. Although you might not get quite as good results as if you had topped it earlier, it still definitely increased the total number of colas and improved the yields!

Topping Quick Summary

  • Cut off top of plant at stem in between nodes
  • Creates 2 main colas at the top of the plant, and LST can be used to create more
  • New colas are evenly spaced (attached to the stem in the same place)
  • Can be used to reduce the height of plant in vegetative page
  • Can slow down growth for a day or two

This video shows the whole cannabis topping process, in timelapse format. The lower growth tips begin to rise up, and each of these can produce even more main colas.

Here’s a video showing what a plant looks like after being topped (time-lapse of about 2 weeks)

You will end up with a wider, bushier plant that doesn’t grow just one main cola in a Christmas tree shape.

Some growers will use several phases of topping to produce cannabis plants with dozens of colas. Some techniques take this to the extreme, for example manifolding (also sometimes called “main-lining”) is a technique that uses topping several times to make a cannabis “manifold.”

Important: Don’t Top Too Early!

With both topping, you remove some of the growth on the end of a cola of a young marijuana plant, which causes the plant to stop focusing on one cola (like a Christmas tree) and instead to create many bud-laden colas (grow more bushy).

If you top the plant too early, it will have a hard time recovering. It may seem like a good idea, but you will get the best results and fastest recover if you wait until the plant has 4-5 nodes.

Wait Until Plant Has At Least 4-5+ Nodes – Topping a Too-Young Seedling Can Slow Down Growth. Waiting a Few More Days to Cut Can Result in a Much Faster Recovery.

Growers use the plant’s natural response to topping to produce short bushy plants with many colas. After the plant has been switched to the flowering stage, the widespread of colas allows the plant to efficiently use indoor grow lights to produce the biggest yields possible.

If you choose to use either of these methods, you will get the best results by doing it when the plant is young, usually when it has around 4-5 total nodes formed.

These young cannabis plants are almost ready to be topped

You get great results by breaking the tendency of the plant to grow one main cola while the plant is still short, because you can arrange your multiple colas however you want as the plant develops, instead of dealing with a Christmas tree shaped plant.

You can also top your plant later in the vegetative stage, but you will have a longer main stalk, giving you less ability to arrange the colas the way you want.

After being topped, your plant will need some time spent recovering in the vegetative stage, though generally this just causes the plant to ‘fill out’ more instead of growing taller, which is often desirable for indoor growers.

This plant was trained for

2 dozen colas in the vegetative stage

Important: Don’t Top in the Flowering Stage; It’s Too Late!

Topping should only be used in the vegetative stage! In fact, any training technique that involves cutting or damaging your plant should only be done in the vegetative stage of cannabis growth, and never during the flowering/budding stage.

In the flowering stage, only gentle training techniques such as LST or bending should ever be used to change the shape of the plant.

A plant with many colas can only be achieved by training a plant from early in the vegetative stage

Cannabis plants are much less tough in the flowering stage, and they no longer are growing vegetatively (producing new stems or colas).

If you watch a plant in the flowering stage, you’ll see that it doesn’t get taller or develop growth nodes. It only “focuses” on making buds. Topping at this point won’t do any good. Damaging your plant during the budding stage will usually cause a reduction in your final yields.

By the time your plants are in the flowering stage, much of the growth structure has already been created, and you generally need to try to manage as best you can if your plant has grown into a shape you don’t like.

What if my plant is already too tall in the flowering stage?

If your plant is already too tall in the flowering stage for your grow setup, you’ve got to take immediate action to prevent the plant from getting any taller.

My suggestion is to use bending (LST) your plant to control the height of further growth.

Once flowering is fully underway (after the initial flowering stretch), the plant will not grow much taller, so you can just try to hang on until harvest.

How Can You Tell That Your Plant is Diverting Energy to New Colas?

Almost immediately after topping, the connections to each node become enlarged at the base.

These thickened connections shows thatshow cannabis plant is spreading energy more evenly across the whole plant.

When you see your plant thicken connections like this, it means that the plant is strengthening the “internal system” of the stem, so it’s easeir to deliver nutrients and other building blocks. This results in faster growth, bigger colas, and increased yields for each of the affected stems.

The thickening that happens at the base of stems is one sign that the plant is diverting energy to the new colas (where before it was putting the majority of its energy into just the one main cola).

As time goes on, the most used stems can become so thick they’re almost like tree trunks.

How to Top Your Cannabis Plant

When topping your cannabis, you cut off a growing node of the plant, reducing the height instantly. This can be especially beneficial if you’ve let your plant get too tall. Topping also increases the number of colas, which can give you more bud at harvest,

When topping your marijuana plant, it’s best to top the plant when it is young, and has 4-5 nodes (sets of leaves) in total. Although you could do it a little earlier, you’re more likely to accidentally stunt your plant the younger it is.

“Topping” the plant means cutting off the newest node on your marijuana plant’s main cola in order to split it into two. However the word topping can also refer to cutting of the tip of any stem.

A good place to top is directly above the leaves of the next node.In other words, cut through the stem right above its next set of leaves from the top.

This will cause your plant to transfer its energy to two new main colas, as indicated by the two yellow dots in the diagram above.

14-day Timelapse Video of a Cannabis Plant’s Recover After Being Topped

These 2 new colas for a V which can easily be bent to spread wide. You can top these two new colas a few weeks later and have 4 total colas. This can even be doubled to produce 8 colas that all come from a single “manifold.” Learn more about manifolding cannabis.

Another benefit of topping is how the plant tends to grow bushier afterwards, spreading its energy much more evenly around to the whole plant.

Often lower branches rise up to become new main colas. This is especially true if you combine Topping with LST to open up the plant so the lower branches get more light.

If you’ve grown a very tall plant, it’s also possible to top your (vegetative) plant down to the node you want to reduce the height, but remember that all the time the plant spent getting tall will be lost. In order to get the most flexible colas, without losing vegetative time, try to top early in the plant’s life

If you’re still in the vegetative (non-budding) stage and plants are growing way too tall, you can top the plant immediately to remove height as needed. The time spent growing the extra growth will be lost, so this may add time to the veg stage.

If you want to top the plant multiple times, you may be interested in learning about main-lining (creating a manifold – a plant training technique).

Topping Cannabis Guide: How to Top Your Plants Cutting Cannabis For Better Structure: “Topping” Topping is a cannabis plant training techniques that involves cutting off the top of a main

Topping Cannabis Plants: Why, When & How

Topping is a central and fundamental plant training practice. It enables you to train your plants to grow horizontally and make the most efficient use of the light. In this article we explain the science of apical dominance and the reasons why you should top cannabis plants. We provide simple instructions for when to top cannabis plants to avoid stunting and get the best results. Topping is actually rather simple and any grower can master it. We offer useful advice for how to top cannabis plants.

Topping is a “high-stress” training technique which entails removing the top growth tip from the main stem or a branch. Many growers are concerned that cutting the top off their young plants may slow their grow down, however, when done properly, topping is a critical method to fill the canopy faster and reduce vegetation times.

Why Top Your Plants:

Cannabis plants typically grow tall and skinny, much like a Christmas tree. Without training, they have minimal lateral growth and concentrate most of their resources in one stem with one main cola. They display a phenomenon called “apical dominance”, which is the key factor that determines the directional growing characteristics of plants. Different types of apical dominance lead different plants to produce their patterns of both vertical and horizontal growth. This programming in plants is an evolutionary adaptation to their typical growing environments.

The landrace varieties that are the source of modern cannabis genetics are typically tall fast-growing annuals that are in competition with other plants for canopy space. Thus, they grow in a shape that is effective for that environment. However, we are not growing them in that environment!

There are other plants that grow flat and broad because they are adapted for environments where light is scarce. These plants serve as a better model for us to think about when trying to make the most effective use of overhead light. Ideally, we want low broad plants that harvest every photon of light energy available to them.

Apical Dominance and Auxins in Cannabis

Cannabis naturally grows like a Christmas Tree because its apical dominance is set for tall skinny growth. It is possible to achieve some degree of lateral growth dominance with nothing but low-stress training (LST), but the single most effective way to break the apical dominance in cannabis is to cut off the apex, by topping the plant.

The top or end shoot, which is the main growing point in plants, contains the hormones which control the functions for apical dominance. Auxins, are one hormone that appears to play a particularly significant role. The apical growth tip produces auxins, and they are transported through the phloem, always downward, where they inhibit the growth of lateral growth tips lower on the plant. The auxins prevent elongation of the growth-tips below the apex, however, they don’t travel long distances through the plant. Therefore, as the plant gets taller, the lowest branches become freed from the inhibiting effects of the auxins and begin developing. This produces the classic “Christmas tree” shape.

The Topping Technique

Topping allows us to manipulate the growth patterns of the plant by removing top apical growth tips where auxins are produced. This is called, “breaking the apical dominance”, and it allows lateral branches to develop. Many plant training practices such as manifolding and mainlining, rely on topping as a component technique. However, it can also be used on its own to break apical dominance and train cannabis plants.

When To Top Cannabis Plants:

We generally recommend that you wait until your cannabis plants have 6 nodes before topping them. This ensures that they get adequate stem and root development before the shock of topping. Because of the nature of how auxins behave and what is most efficient for light, we recommend topping the plant above the 4 th, 5 th or 6 th node.

Simple instructions for topping cannabis plants to increase growth & yield. We explain the science of apical dominance so you can top with confidence!

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dc weed express delivery washington, dc

How To Get Weed Delivered In DC

420 DC
Nov 21, 2018 · 3 min read

If you’ve ever been in your home, hotel or dorm and wanted to get weed delivered but didn’t know where to start you’re not alone. Even with the growth of the cannabis scene in DC it can still be confusing on how to actually get it delivered to your door. We wanted to make it as simple as possible so here it is.

Visit 420DC.com & Explore Delivery Services

Contact & Place Your Order

Here we have a wide-variety of profes s ional weed delivery services that provide high-quality products & reliable service. You can filter brands by flower, concentrate or edibles depending on what you’re looking for. You can read their profile to see a real-time menu of their products so you know exactly what’s in stock. We also have a number of services that provide 24/7 delivery or pickup so you can place an order to your home, hotel, dorm or meet them anywhere in between at anytime.

Get A Deal

Everyone loves a deal right! Well we offer a variety of deals so you can save big on your order and get cool freebies in return. Be sure to check out our available deals before you place your order so you can get even more bang for your buck!

Every delivery service has a variety of ways that you can use to reach them to place an order. Most vendors provide a phone number that you can call or text. Others prefer to take orders on their personal websites where you can see their menu and schedule a time and place for delivery or pickup. But the easiest and most effective way is to use the contact button in their profile. All you need to do is create an account and you can message as many vendors as you like.

Leave A Review!

Reviews help everyone have a better experience. By leaving a review of your product and experience it helps customers know what to expect and it helps vendors to get feedback on their service. If you loved your weed let us know. If you hated it let us know. We want to hear from you. You can also upload an image of your goods for even more transparency.

Best Weed Delivery Services In D.C.

Be sure to check out our list of the best weed delivery services in D.C. These services are the highest rated by our audience and provide exceptional service and are available 24/7.

Go to A Weed Event

If you want to get out and see your product in person instead of having it delivered to you, you can check out one the many daily weed events that we publicize on our website. Just visit our events section where we publish them everyday by 1pm EST and share them on our facebook and twitter pages.

Want to get weed delivered in DC. Here’s everything you need to know.

DC Weed Delivery FAQ

The Gentleman has compiled your most Frequently Asked Questions about DC Weed Delivery into a helpful, supplementary guide. Here, feast your eyeholes on these babies!

Do I need to be a DC resident to use these weed delivery services? Nope! Any adult 21+ can use DC’s I71 gifting services.

Do I need a medical marijuana card to use these weed delivery services? No medical card is required to use any of DC’s I71 gifting services. The city does have a medical marijuana program with six licensed dispensaries. You need a medical card to visit those, but they accept most out of state cards.

Can I get weed delivered to my hotel in DC? My apartment? A nearby cafe? Yes, yes, and yes. The only place they aren’t allowed to deliver are federal grounds & buildings, like the National Mall. Federal land means federal law applies and cannabis is not yet federally legal. Many DC weed delivery services do not operate east of the Anacostia River, either, choosing to concentrate on the heavily trafficked downtown & tourist areas instead- like Dupont Circle, Georgetown, Foggy Bottom, Adams Morgan, H St, and so on.

How long is my delivery going to take? Usually anywhere from 30 minutes to 2 hours. DC’s kind of a small city so it doesn’t really matter where you are, everybody’s gotta fight the same traffic to get to you. And have you seen these potholes? More like pot, uhhh…holes. Crap, I’m stoned.

Pick-ups vs Delivery? Most services that do pick-ups require appointments, so it’s not necessarily faster than delivery, but you might get lucky! Of course, setting an appointment in advance is a great way to minimize your time getting weed and maximizing your time smoking weed, so it does pay to be organized…

The gift weed delivery service wants me to send them a photo of my ID first? Lots of brands do this for age verification and their own security. It’s a fairly standard request. Trust, as they say, is a two-way sex dungeon. Wait, what?

Who’s got the best/strongest weed in DC? The gifts available from most weed delivery services in DC change frequently, sometimes even daily, which is why I feature one almost every day on my Menus page from one of the brands I have personally vetted for consistent quality and professional service over the last…geez, going on four years now. Before that, I spent eight years making my living by approving and managing vendors for outside work, so you could say I have some previous experience at this sort of thing. I also care a lot- like, neurotically so- about what weed earns the Gentleman’s approval. FYI, THC percentage for flowers doesn’t matter that much past a certain threshold in my opinion.

But I need that medical-grade weed! That’s not really a thing outside of California fifteen years ago, Mr. Duchovny. There’s no difference in quality or potency between recreational/adult-use and medical cannabis. Sorry to burst your bubble.

That premium indoor! More sparkly trichomes equate to higher potency than outdoor or greenhouse grade marijuana, but Indoor doesn’t necessarily translate to “quality.”

That AAA weed! Do I have to call security?

I’m looking for a specific ratio of CBD:THC. Then you need a medical card. CBD flowers from DC gift marijuana delivery services or pop-ups are pretty rare. If you’re not a resident and a card isn’t an option, then your best bet is to put your science hat on and mix up the usual THC with readily available CBD-only products to figure out a combo that works for you.

Is DC weed lab-tested? Sometimes. Steep Hill has a local office to test for cannabinoids & I understand they’ve recently added the capability to test for bacteria & microbials- a very exciting development! Some medical growers, like Abatin Wellness, have their own testing equipment for that, too.

Look, lab testing is all well and good and science is important (assuming accurate data), so I’m all for it. But I can point to some lab-tested weed on Maryland medical marijuana shelves for months- months!– after it was reported that the grower had used unlicensed pesticides, or I could just paraphrase Tommy Boy and explain that I can write lab-tested on a box but that won’t make it good weed.

What about the pop-up events? They’ve been getting raided by DC’s Metropolitan Police Department with regular frequency since late ’17. That makes me nervous about attending or advising you on where to go. I try to avoid dramatic scenes with armed gunmen as a general life rule.

What about brick & mortar locations? There are several brands operating out of storefronts these days, like Street Lawyer Services, Gifted Curators, and Lifted.

What’s the difference between I71 weed gifting storefronts and dispensaries? Dispensaries possess city licenses to operate, must use a seed-to-sale tracking system, and have all their products lab-tested. Storefronts (along with Delivery and Pick-Up services) only need to comply with Initiative 71 gifting rules.

Does anyone still take credit cards? Few and far between these days. Scammers figured out they could argue the charge of their I71 purchases and get their money back. Once the payment processor got a chargeback request, though, they started going thru the brand’s account, saw what was going on, and kicked ’em off after freezing their funds. Some lost thousands of dollars this way and that’s why we can’t get airline miles for smoking weed anymore. Sigh. Now it’s mostly cash, but some take cryptocurrency and some take app payments.

Do your gifts have what it takes to be featured on GentlemanToker.com? I’m the pickiest little pillow princess! I don’t review marijuana that produces an acrid smoke that irritates the mouth or throat or that smells like Ammonia, Hay, Must, Grass, Sweat, Chemicals, or has No Smell at all. If you think you can pass that bar, contact me here and we’ll schedule an evaluation of your flowers.

Any other questions? Go ahead and shoot, hoss! The Gentleman’s discretion is assured.

DC Weed Delivery FAQ The Gentleman has compiled your most Frequently Asked Questions about DC Weed Delivery into a helpful, supplementary guide. Here, feast your eyeholes on these babies! Do

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best outdoor marijuana seeds

Best strain seeds for outdoor growing

Growing outdoors is very rewarding. Especially because you don’t need expensive equipment such as lamps, an extractor and grow tent. Moreover, you don’t need electricity. The sun does the work. This means that the costs for an outdoor cultivation are low. Besides, outdoor growing is environmentally friendly and by relying on mother nature you will create organic plants with the highest possible quality.

The breeding season starts again before you realize it. It’s therefore time to think about which strain you will grow outdoors this year. To make your choice more easy we wrote this blog. Here we present our top 5 with the best weed seeds for outdoor growing.

How to choose the best outdoor strains?

Outdoors you can’t influence all the living conditions. Yes, you can choose the soil and provide water, but you can’t influence the weather, while the weather is the most important factor for the final result. Growing weed outdoors is therefore generally more difficult compared to indoor growing.

> Related article: Growing weed outdoors

However, the cannabis plant is naturally an outdoor plant so each plant can be grown outdoors. Yet, not all species achieve good results when grown outdoors. That has to do with various causes. An important factor is in this is the degree of mold and moisture resistance. Moreover, not all species are suitable for the climate in which you want to grow. From this you can conclude that the success of an outdoor cultivation largely depends on the chosen weed seeds.

The best outdoor strains are therefore preferably easy to grow species with a high mold resistance. By choosing an easy to grow strain which is resistant to fungi and fits the climate in which you want to grow, you avoid a lot of problems and will increase the chance of a successful breeding considerably.

Top 5 best cannabis seeds for outdoors

In our top 5 you find the best weed seeds to grow outdoors. The presented strains are easy to grow and can be harvested between September and October. If you choose one of our best marijuana seeds for outdoor growing the chances are big that your plants will get through the rainy autumn and that you will be rewarded with high quality weed and good yields.

1. Blue Dream

Seeds for outdoor growing have to meet the conditions previously mentioned in this blog. If there is one species that obviously meets all these conditions, then it’s our Blue Dream feminized strain.

Blue dream is known for its refined taste and high THC values. Moreover, the strain is easy to grow (also for beginners) and not entirely unimportant: especially outdoors this strain thrives very well. Blue dream has a very high mold resistance, bad weather can be well tolerated and even then the strain is still capable of producing high quality weed. With the Blue Dream, your outdoor harvest actually can’t fail anymore.

Tip: check our feminized Blue Dream seeds

2. Northern Lights

The Northern Lights. Who doesn’t know this strain? Northern Lights is listed in almost every top 5 or top 10 that you can find online. Therefore, this strain can’t be missed in our top 5 with the best seeds for outdoor weed.

Northern Lights is a real classic strain, has won many prizes and can be grown in practically any climate.Therefore it’s a strain that you should have tried to grow outdoors. Even when it’s only just for one time.

Tip: check our feminized Northern Lights seeds

3. Amnesia Lemon Kush

The crossing of none other than Amnesia Lemon and the Afghani Kush makes this strain a true pleasure. Although this strain is less known than its colleagues above, the Amnesia Lemon Kush couldn’t be missing in this overview with the best pot seeds for outdoors.

Because of its high fungal resistance the Amnesia Lemon Kush is very easy to grow and produces crops that can reach up to 750 grams per m2. However, this strain is especially known for its great effect and sublime taste. A great strain if you like sweet en sour tastes like lime and lemon.

Tip: check our feminized Amnesia Lemon Kush seeds

4. Power Plant

A strain that can be bought in almost every Dutch coffee shop is the Power Plant. That isn’t without reason. The Power Plant features qualities that are important for commercial growers and is definitely one of the best outdoor strains. High yields, a short cycle, easy to grow and a very powerful high quality weed. Although many commercial growers grow indoors, the outdoor yields can exceed up to 750 grams per m2.

Tip: check our feminized Power Plant seeds

5. Black Domina

Black Domina is a very reliable and consistent strain that should not be missing in this top 5 with the best seeds for outdoor growing. Although the strain grows well mainly in a warm environment, is almost 100% Indica and therefore will remain relatively small outside, the strain has all the qualities to make an outdoor cultivation successful. Moreover, the small size has a big advantage. With small plants you can keep your outdoor cultivation better discrete.

Tip: check our feminized Black Domina seeds

Hunting the best weed seeds for outdoor growing? Check this blog and find the best outdoor strains! Buy at Weedseedsexpress and get 20% FREE seeds

Best Marijuana Seed For Outdoor Cannabis Growing

Smartweedshop
May 10 · 5 min read

Are you wondering about the best marijuana seeds for outdoor cannabis growing? Well, you’ve come to the right cultivation resource to learn how to grow weed outdoors. The type of cannabis seeds you choose to cultivate will affect the yield and quality of your outdoor marijuana crop. Read our guide to help you decide which seeds you need for your type of outdoor climate.

How Important Is Choosing The Right Outdoor Cannabis Seeds?

When choosing the right outdoor cann a bis seeds, you should consider how fast the plant flowers, its resistance to mold and pests, its average yield, its ability to handle humidity, its potency, and aroma, and its unique effects. Selecting cannabis seeds with your favorite traits is the first step toward narrowing down which seeds you’re going to plant.

Regardless of how optimal your growing practices are, your outdoor crop’s potential is mainly determined by your seed’s genetics. Many cannabis seeds for sale have been bred for indoor production, which makes the selection process even more complicated. While cannabis can grow nearly anywhere, some seeds thrive in sunny or cool conditions.

Consider Your Climate Zone

Climate refers to the average weather conditions in a region over a long period of time. Hot regions can be found near the equator due to the sunlight’s relative proximity. Cooler temperatures can be found toward the North and South Poles because sunlight and heat are least direct there.

Different climate zones are categorized based on their latitude, temperature, amount of precipitation, and the times of the year when precipitation occurs. Climate zones are useful in determining which cannabis seeds and strains are best for your climate conditions. Climate zones can be divided into five main types:

Tropical: Hot and humid with temperatures greater than 64ºF year-round and less than 59 inches of precipitation each year.

Temperate: Warm and humid summers with mild winters and thunderstorms.

Continental: Warm to cool summers and extremely cold winters with snowstorms and strong winds.

Polar: Harsh, cold temperatures that never exceed 50ºF.

Cold and Wet Climates

Northern climates tend to be cool and wet. In these climates, the autumn rain can begin to fall in early October or late September. For this reason, outdoor cannabis growers are advised to select a cannabis strain with a short life cycle. Strains with a short life cycle can be harvested early during the second half of September. Ideal cold-weather seed strains include:

Northern Lights: A fast-flowering and legendary indica strain that’s resistant to mold and pests. Enjoy its sweet and spicy aromas and trichome-coated buds. Indulge in Northern Lights’ relaxing and mood-boosting effects.

Durban Poison: Choose this pure, South African-born Sativa strain for your cold climate cultivation. Durban Poison produces a heavy sheet of trichomes over its round and swollen buds. Growers love its fruity, herbal, and minty aroma.

Hindu Kush: A pure indica strain named after the mountains where it originated. The Hindu Kush is used to unforgiving climates and goes on to produce so many trichomes on its buds. The Hindu Kush has a sweet and sandalwood-like aroma and elicits calming and sleepy effects.

White Widow: This balanced hybrid strain was first bred in the Netherlands by Green House Seeds and has become a staple in Dutch coffee shops. Users enjoy White Widow’s euphoric and energizing effects that make them more sociable and talkative.

Of course, the weather can be unpredictable, especially when you’re planting your crop months in advance. Some marijuana growers choose to plant various genetics with different flowering times to increase the chances of a robust crop. Diversifying you’re growing can protect you from having a complete crop failure.

Climates with very cold weather and a short summer lasting between two to three months should consider planting auto-flowering marijuana seeds. Autoflowering plants do not require a photoperiod. Instead, they automatically flower after a short life cycle. Some of the best auto-flowering strains include:

Critical Autoflowering: This indica-dominant auto-flowering strain has a fruity and subtle spice aroma. Critical is an excellent strain for novice growers who want a relaxing and pungent cannabis strain.

AK-47 Autoflowering: AK-47 auto-flowering strains take the legendary AK-47 Sativa genetics and allow them to be grown in a shorter time period. AK-47 auto-flowering strains elicit calming and blissful effects.

Blackberry Autoflowering: This indica hybrid has Pakistani and Canadian genetics. Blackberry auto-flowering seeds grow short and in a matter of eight weeks. These buds produce a sticky and heavy resin and have an intense berry-like aroma.

Warm, Humid, and Dry Climates

Mediterranean and warm climates are the most ideal climates for outdoor cannabis growing. You can pretty much grow any strain you want under these environmental conditions. Take a shot at producing some of your favorite strains or some of the most legendary, hardy, potent, and flavorful marijuana strains such as:

Sour Diesel: Choose this energizing, Sativa-dominant strain with a strong bouquet of diesel and citrus aromas. Sour Diesel is an excellent strain to ward off stress, depression, and mild aches and pains.

Amnesia Haze: Amnesia Haze has South Asian and Jamaican genetics. This award-winning strain has an invigorating blend of peppery and citrus aromas. Users love its uplifting and motivating buzz.

Grape Ape: This indica hybrid has a strong grape aroma and elicits relaxing and analgesic effects. Its dense buds often feature a purple hue.

Autoflowering marijuana strains can also be grown in warm and dry climates. Beginner growers can appreciate how easy it is to grow premium-quality auto-flowering strains. Experienced growers can also choose auto-flowering strains in a warm climate to double-crop during the same season.

Warmer and wetter tropical environments require some considerations. Choose cannabis strains that are resistant to mold due to the excess humidity. Loose flower formation can reduce humidity for coastal climates. Heatwaves can also threaten crop production in these warm climate zones. A greenhouse solution could protect your plants against harsh conditions.

How To Buy Marijuana Seeds

Before the advent of major seed banks and modern breeding practices, all marijuana seeds were geared to grow in the great outdoors. The cannabis plant has adapted to different climates over the years. Today, you can find a variety of outdoor and indoor-friendly cannabis seeds at dispensaries and online seed banks.

No matter what type of cannabis seeds you choose to grow outdoors, remember that perfecting the growing process takes time, patience, experimentation, and passion. Have fun with it and don’t let bad yields get you down. Learn from your mistakes and set your sights on your next harvest with the best outdoor cannabis genetics you can find.

Are you wondering about the best marijuana seeds for outdoor cannabis growing? Well, you’ve come to the right cultivation resource to learn how to grow weed outdoors. The type of cannabis seeds you…

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marijuana paraphernalia

Recognizing Marijuana Paraphernalia

According to federal laws, it is illegal for teens to possess marijuana paraphernalia. According to the National Drug Intelligence Center, a component of the US Department of Justice, “The term drug paraphernalia refers to any equipment that is used to produce, conceal, and consume illicit drugs.”

Moreover, marijuana paraphernalia is an indication that a teen is using marijuana. As a result, they are exposed to risks associated with this drug.

According to the most recent Monitoring the Future Survey from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, 39 percent of college students use marijuana. As a result, these are the highest levels of use among college students in the past three decades. In addition, 36 percent of high school seniors use marijuana. Furthermore, this is similar to past years, and 6 percent report daily use.

Different Kinds of Marijuana Paraphernalia

The lists below indicate how many varieties of paraphernalia that are available. The national wave of legalization has increased the availability of these items.

Smoking Pipes, Bongs, Bubbler, and Hookah

All of these types of paraphernalia are used to smoke the drug.

  • Pipes can be made of wood, glass, porcelain, metal, and other materials. Pipes tend to require metallic screens to keep the user from inhaling ash.
  • A bong is a long tubular water pipe, usually made of plastic with a bowl attached. A bong uses water or other liquids like wine to filter the smoke.
  • A bubbler is a combination of a pipe and a bong, allowing for the filtration system provided by a bong to be portable.
  • A hookah is a traditional smoking device from the Middle East and Turkey. It usually is quite ornate, made of brass or a cheaper imitator, with a rope-like tube attached for smoking. Hookahs are often disguised as decorative pieces.

Rolling Papers, Tobacco Blunts, Grinders, and Roach Clips

These kinds of cannabis paraphernalia are used to process and smoke the drug.

  • Rolling papers like Zig Zag or Raw are used to roll the drug into a joint.
  • Blunts like Swisher Sweets and Phillies Blunt are inexpensive, store-bought cigars that marijuana smokers hollow out and fill with cannabis.
  • Grinders are small metal tins, sometimes designed to look like the Death Star from Star Wars or even a Rubik’s Cube. They grind up the drug for use.
  • Roach clips are metal clasps that hold a joint to prevent burning the fingers.

Vaporizers, Vape Pens, and Dabs

Used for tobacco as well, here are kinds of drug paraphernalia that are popular because they hide smells.

  • Vaporizers, in many forms, can be used for weed, hash, liquids, and hash oil.
  • Vape pens are smaller than larger vaporizers, often with pre-filled cartridges.
  • Dabbing is the bong of vaping, and similar to freebasing in other drugs. These elaborate contraptions tend to be made of glass and almost medical-looking.

What Parents Need to Do About Marijuana Paraphernalia

If parents or adults see paraphernalia for Marijuana in the home, they need to take steps to ensure a teen’s health and safety.

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, marijuana is a gateway drug for teenagers. As a result, it opens the door to drugs like cocaine, crystal methamphetamine, and heroin. Moreover, THC, the active ingredient in cannabis, primes the brain. Hence, this enhances responses to other drug stimuli.

Modern Types of Cannabis Paraphernalia

The spread of marijuana legalization across the country has led to an explosion in cannabis use and different types of paraphernalia. Therefore, today there are more kinds of paraphernalia available for purchase than ever before.

More importantly, this paraphernalia is no longer restricted to “head shops,” or stores that sell drug-related paraphernalia. Indeed, with the rise of dispensaries and the popularization of marijuana, cannabis paraphernalia is now found in mainstream locations. Furthermore, it can be found in smoke shops, vaping shops, dispensaries, and even convenience stores or gas stations.

In addition, many paraphernalia products are marketed and designed as though they were intended for other purposes. Thus, marijuana pipes and bongs often are labeled with a misleading disclaimer. These labels claim that the products are intended for use only with tobacco products.

Deceptive Paraphernalia vs. Glamorized Paraphernalia

Many drug paraphernalia sellers focus on deception. Hence, they sell devices that do not appear to be marijuana paraphernalia. Therefore, such paraphernalia may look like items related to teen hobbies, such as skateboarding or music. And teens are drawn to such because they want to hide use from their parents.

Side-by-side with the deceptive paraphernalia, glamorized paraphernalia has become increasingly popular. In bright and bold colors, these devices reflect the interests of young people from popular movies and rock bands to video gaming and teen trends.

Therefore, if teens are into a new trend like Pokémon GO, the latest paraphernalia will reflect the game. In addition, paraphernalia inspired by popular shows, such as The Walking Dead and Game of Thrones, can be found on eBay and all over the Internet.

Marijuana Paraphernalia = A Red Flag for Teen Drug Use

Finding marijuana paraphernalia in a teenager’s possession almost always means that they are using the drug. Signs of teen marijuana dependence include irritability, moodiness, difficulty sleeping, decreased appetite, cravings, restlessness, and various forms of physical discomfort.

Recent research suggests that 30 percent of those who use marijuana may have some degree of marijuana use disorder. Moreover, scientists have found that people who begin using marijuana before the age of 18 are four to seven times more likely to develop a marijuana use disorder than adults.

When a teen is abusing marijuana, parents need to speak with a psychologist or a counselor as soon as possible. Receiving help from a clinical professional will provide insight as to whether further treatment is necessary.

If you or someone you love is struggling, contact us. We are here for you, any time.

Photos by Ezra Jeffrey, Ian Dooley, Alex Chambon, and Daniele Pelusi from Unsplash.

JAMA Psychiatry. 2015 Dec; 72(12): 1235–1242.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2008 Jan 1; 92(1-3): 239–247.

The possession of Marijuana Paraphernalia is illegal in the US, finding it on your teen is a sign of marijuana use, which can lead to addiction.

Types of Paraphernalia

Paraphernalia was once a scary word, used largely by police officers and lawyers to describe crime scenes and condemn thousands of innocent stoners to criminal lives.

In today’s age of marijuana legal reform, however, paraphernalia describes all of the fun gadgets and toys you can acquire to make getting stoned easier, healthier, more effective, and more exciting.

Below is a list of all paraphernalia-related terms in our open-source cannabis dictionary.

A bong is a vertical water filtration device used for smoking cannabis. Bongs are usually made of glass, and they’re comprised of a bowl and stem which lead into the water-filled pipe. When lit, the water in the bong acts as a filter for any undesirable burnt particles and allows only smoke to enter the user’s lungs. Not surprisingly, bongs have historically been the method of choice for smoking among the Thai, Hmong, and Chinese peoples. Some of these excavated gold water pipes date back 2400 years.

“Ana dropped her brand-new bong, but it somehow didn’t break at all.”

Bongwater

The water that goes into a bong or water pipe that makes it function. After extended use the water usually becomes murky. Some mischievous stoners will claim it contains THC because of this and will try to trick newbies into drinking it, but don’t bother–it’s just gross water that needs to be dumped.

“This bongwater is looking a little dingy. Should we replace it?”

A term used both for an amount of ground cannabis ready to smoke and the section of a pipe, bong, or bubbler that one loads ground cannabis into. Bowls are traditionally shared among a group of friends, though it isn’t uncommon to enjoy one alone.

“Let’s load up another bowl.”

Bubbler

Bubblers are glass pipes that use water to reduce irritation from inhaling smoke. After lighting the cannabis, smoke is pulled through a stem into a small supply of water, and into the user’s lungs. This makes for a much smoother and more pleasant experience than directly inhaling and adds a fun bubbling noise to the sesh.

“My favorite piece is the bubbler with sparkly gold swirls.”

Carb Cap

A dabbing tool, usually made of glass or nonferrous metal, allowing more controlled heat distribution and airflow. Cannabis concentrate is sealed inside the carb cap, after which heat is applied by a torch. They’re useful for dabbing at lower temperatures, allowing users to taste those flavorful terpenes.

“I lost my carb cap, so I can’t dab properly with my banger until I get a replacement.”

Chillum

Also called a chilam, a chillum is a conical pipe design originating in 18th century India. They can be used for smoking any sort of ground, dried product, such as tobacco or chamomile, but are more commonly used for cannabis. In the 1960s, chillums became popular with smokers in the United States. They also have spiritual significance to followers of the Rastafari movement. Users put a filter inside and pack the wide end with ground flower before lighting the flower and inhaling from the smaller end of the glass, wooden, or metal pipe.

“Smoking with a chillum is more work than using any other pipe, but the ritual of it all makes me feel more grounded.”

Dabber

The long often pointed tool used for picking up a small amount of cannabis concentrate for the purpose of applying it to a heated dab rig. A good dabber is long enough to keep your hands away from the extreme temperatures of the device while also allowing the user to control how much or how little product they inhale. They can be made from glass or metal and many glass dabbers coming in whimsical shapes and colors.

“I bought a new dabber that looks like a carrot!”

Diffuser

An extra piece to a bong that enhances airflow and provides a smoother, cleaner experience. They force the smoke to pass through the water in the bong to clear it of any burnt plant matter before reaching your lungs. Diffusers can be as simple as a straight tube, or they can be extremely complex with multiple additions, shapes, and holes to provide extra filtering. Unfortunately, the more complex the diffuser, the more difficult it is to clean.

“I love the smooth hits I get with a complex diffuser, but I didn’t realize how much it would suck to clean.”

Typically made of glass, a dome fits over the nail of a dab or oil rig to capture all of the vapor created when the concentrate hits the nail. They’re essential if you want to get the most out of each dab. Domes can be simple, but it’s common to see domes made with ornate and unique designs. You’re sure to find one that fits both your piece and your aesthetic.

“In my opinion, domes are essential if you want to get the most out of your dabs.”

Domeless Nail

Domeless nails have become quite popular among concentrate enthusiasts. Often much larger than regular nails, the domeless variety allows for more concentrate to be used at one time while also providing ease of use. However, the lack of dome means any concentrate used on it will lose heat more quickly, so it’s debatable as to whether they’re actually more convenient.

“Should I invest in something with a domeless nail, or should I just get a dome?”

Downstem

Essential for bong operation, a downstem is a small, removable piece of glass that houses ground cannabis. Once lit, the user inhales from the mouthpiece, filling the chamber with smoke. Removing the downstem at this point then allows the user to inhale the produced smoke inside the chamber. They also tend to be the most delicate part of the bong, but thankfully, many head shops and dispensaries sell spares.

“Be careful with the downstem! If it breaks, we can’t use this bong.”

Glass

Commonly used term for a bong or pipe used for smoking. Glass is an excellent medium for cannabis consumption, as it is easily cleaned and retains its integrity even at extreme temperatures. Also, a skilled glass artist can make some really rad looking designs. Pipes and bongs can be minimalistic, but many consumers think of their glass as a vessel for artistic expression. It’s quite common to see gorgeous glasswork of differing colors, textures, and patterns for sale in a head shop or dispensary.

“Ever since I bought that heady glass, I haven’t rolled a single joint.”

Grinder

A device used to shred cannabis flowers and buds. Grinders are usually metal, and they have sharp teeth to easily tear cannabis buds into loose-leaf material that is suitable for packing into a joint or glass. Some grinders feature a “kief catcher” compartment, allowing for the harvesting of kief.

“I just used up everything in my grinder, but now we can try out the Green Crack we bought.”

Heady Glass

Impressive and artistic functional glass art used for cannabis consumption. Glass artists are capable of making usable art in a wide range of styles, creating a valuable and desirable niche of cannabis culture. Plenty of users also delight in purchasing and using glass that reflects their interests or personality, so these pieces can be both functional and elegant.

“Even if I didn’t smoke, I’d probably collect all sorts of interesting heady glass, like bongs or bubblers.”

Hookah

A device used for slow, gentle smoking of flavored tobacco and cannabis. The hookah has a lot of history and cultural significance to the peoples of South Asia and the Middle East, and in the 1970s, hookah bars and lounges began popping up in the United States as a place for people to gather and smoke together. Some hookahs can be multistemmed, allowing for more than one person to draw smoke from it at once, but it’s also common for people to simply pass the pipe around.

“Hookah hits are a great way to honor ancient smoking tradition with your friends.”

Isopropyl alcohol, also known as iso, is used for many cannabis-related applications. It is uniquely suited for cleaning resin and ash from glass, as well as being a useful solvent in concentrate creation. Many stoners who take a DIY approach for making extracts have their own special methods of production involving iso although using Iso for home extracts can be dangerous.

“The best way to clean glass is by letting it soak in iso overnight.”

Percolator

A chamber built into glass for the additional filtration of smoke. This allows for smoother inhalation and less irritation in the mouth, throat, and lungs. Percolators come in various styles and methods of filtration, but always help smooth the experience. Generally speaking, the more complex the percolator, the more filtered your smoking experience. However, intricately designed percolators can be tougher to clean.

“My bong’s percolator is always a little tough to clean, but it cools the smoke so well.”

Production Glass

Mass-produced cannabis consumption glass. Whereas a more extravagant bong might feature flourishes for visual effect and artistry, production glass is focused more on functionality. Production glass is oftentimes a newbie’s first purchase since the affordable pricing and simpler designs are less daunting than those of artisan glass. However, it’s sometimes perceived to be lower in quality compared to more artistic pieces.

“Production glass tends to be cheaper than artisan-made pieces, but it gets the job done just fine.”

Screen

Many stoners prefer to affix a screen inside of their bowl to prevent flower from sinking through before it is lit up and inhaled. A screen will fit snugly into a bowl piece of a bong or pipe, they can be cleaned with isopropyl alcohol when they get clogged. There are three types of screens available: stainless steel, brass, and glass; they are generally sold in packs of 5 or more.

“If you keep getting doobie snacks when you hit your pipe try putting a screen in the bowl piece.”

Steam Roller

This type of smoking device is most popularly made out of glass but can also be found made of acrylic, metal, and wood. The steam roller gets its name from the round shape that resembles the front wheel of a steam roller. Generally, the bud is packed on top of the cylindrical smoking device while the smoker holds their finger over a carb on one end while lighting the herb and drawing through a hole on the other to collect smoke inside of the pipe. When ready the smoker lets go of the carb and inhales the collected weed smoke.

“Hitting a steam roller is fun because you can watch the smoke collect inside the piece.”

Vape Carts

Until the big vape scare of 2019 vape carts were one of the most sought after products at retail dispensaries. Vaping is more discreet than smoking a joint and creates a less intense high than edibles which is why it is a popular method with older cannabis-users and those looking to toke on-the-go.

“Let’s pick up some vape carts at the dispensary before we go to this family dinner.”

Vaporizer

Often called a “vape” for short, it’s an oven-like device that vaporizes cannabis flower, instead of combusting it. The vapor can be inhaled, and the leftover decarbed plant matter is excellent for homemade edibles. Vaporizers are easier on the lungs than smoking, making them especially useful for medical cannabis patients.

“Since I invested in a high-quality vaporizer, I don’t see any need to smoke traditionally anymore.”

Types of Paraphernalia Paraphernalia was once a scary word, used largely by police officers and lawyers to describe crime scenes and condemn thousands of innocent stoners to criminal lives. In

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k weed

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cannabis herpes

Cannabis And Herpes: How It Can Help

Herpes is an incurable virus. However, it may be that cannabis can help. And in fact, it appears that it can help treat symptoms, as well as potentially prevent viral outbreaks in the first place.

Herpes is not just one disease or condition. It is actually a virus family. It is, however, responsible for several serious and chronic human ailments. These include chickenpox, cold sores, genital herpes, and mono. When you are infected, the virus never goes away. Additionally, symptoms tend to pop up when the body undergoes severe stress. That includes when the immune system is depressed.

The most common forms of the virus are herpes simplex 1 and herpes simplex 2 (or HSV-1 and HSV-2). Oral herpes (HSV-1) might be present in between 30-95% of the population. About 20% of the US population has genital herpes (HSV-2).

The good news? It appears that cannabis might be able to treat these conditions. Why? Not only does cannabis have immune-boosting properties, it can also relieve stress in the first place. Cannabinoids appear to reduce the infectiousness of the virus, as well as some of its worst symptoms.

A LOWDOWN ON HERPES

Herpes is a chronic condition – one attached to a huge amount of social stigma, beyond just becoming infected. That can make disease management really difficult. Herpes is highly contagious. Oral herpes is spread fairly easily through simple contact. Sharing a lipstick or kissing can spread it. Unprotected oral sex is another major channel of transmission.

HSV-1 causes cold sores. These can be acquired through simple skin contact. HSV-2 comes from sexually transmitted infection. This causes painful sores on the genitals. Worse? This is a condition that comes back repeatedly and largely unannounced. The virus is reactivated with stress. This can include anything from menstruation to fatigue. It can also include overexposure to the sun.

For those who suffer, it is a constant management battle to keep the condition at bay.

No matter how it occurs, viral outbreaks can interfere with daily functioning and life in general. It is often embarrassing, painful, or both. There is still a great deal of stigma around sexually transmitted herpes in particular.

The three main drugs used to treat this virus all have serious side effects. Acyclovir, famciclovir, and valacyclovir are the drugs most commonly prescribed. They can also cause headaches and diarrhea. Vomiting is common. In the worst cases, they can actually affect one’s psychology.

As a result, many sufferers look for other, more natural alternatives.

Cannabis is one of the main drugs they also turn to.

CAN CANNABIS TREAT HERPES?

The good news? It appears that cannabis certainly might help. Starting with preventing outbreaks in the first place. While clinical data is still hard to come by (of course), what is available already shows significant promise. Early studies [1] dating from 1980 and later repeated in 1991 and 2004 show the same thing: cells infected with either HSV-1 or 2 stopped replicating when treated with THC.

Even more exciting? A 1991 study [2] found that THC reduced infection rates too.

Topical therapies containing cannabinoids can also reduce the pain experienced by herpes sufferers, particularly shingles [3] .

All in all, cannabinoids seem to have exactly the right properties required to fight outbreaks of the virus. Cannabis also appears to be able to address, if not treat, physical and mental stressors that can cause its re-emergence.

HOW DO I FIGURE OUT WHAT KIND OF CANNABIS IS RIGHT?

This is going to take some trial and error. If you have a canna-friendly doctor, by all means engage them. They might be able to suggest particular strains to help you start with. This is also a discussion you should have with your local dispensary, even if you are discreet about the actual condition.

It is likely that you will find both internal and external applications of cannabis to help your condition. By ingesting cannabinoids orally or smoking them, you are in fact boosting your immune system already. Cannabis also has strong anti-viral properties. Certain medical strains are even bred for this trait.

On top of this, consider topical treatment. THC oils and creams, even if you make them yourself, appear to halt both the progression and pain from sores.

OTHER TREATMENTS

Having the herpes virus means managing a life-long chronic condition. That means there are other lifestyle changes necessary to control the worst symptoms. Maintaining a healthy diet, regularly exercising, and getting enough sleep are critical.

When integrating medical cannabis into herpes management, also consider how this will fit into the healthy lifestyle choices you are now making.

While it may be difficult to hear the diagnosis at first, this too shall pass. Many people who are exposed to the virus are able to manage it with some lifestyle adjustments. And the best news of all? This is a condition that appears to be significantly more manageable with cannabis.

Medical use of cannabis appears to dramatically help herpes sufferers. First, it helps treat symptoms. But it may prevent outbreaks from flaring up too.

Marijuana Products Can Help Stop The Spread Of Herpes

Photographer: Brent Lewin/Bloomberg

You get out of bed in the morning after a long weekend of reefer chiefing shenanigans with a group of friends and spot a mysterious sore festering up on the side of your lip in the bathroom mirror. At first, you brush it off as a battle wound, perhaps something that happened during an overly ambitious bout with a pepperoni pizza. After all, a hardcore case of the marijuana munchies can sometimes wreak havoc on a person’s ability to eat without causing bodily harm. But after a quick Google search during breakfast, you soon realize that the monstrous lesion turning your mouth into a deleted scene from the Toxic Avenger could actually be a dreaded case of herpes.

Toxic Avenger Photo courtesy of IMDB

Courtesy of IMBD

Although the herpes virus is considered a sexually transmitted disease, it can be easily spread through the sharing of joints, vaporizers or any other smoking device. It is one of those super foul social hazards on the scene that does not receive the attention it deserves. Most devout pot smokers, even if they are aware of the risks associated with participating in those ever-so-popular communal smoke sessions, typically do not dwell on the fact that the bowl or bong pressed against their lips might be crawling with cooties.

But they might want to start. Some of the latest statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) show that nearly 50 percent of the American population between the ages of 14 and 49 will have contracted this disease before 2018 comes to screeching halt. The consensus is that it’s not really possible these days to swap spit with too many people before turning one’s mouth into a biohazard.

“If you have oral herpes and a cut on your lip, you could easily spread the disease by sharing blunts or joints,” Dr. Carolyn Cegielski, a gastroenterologist from Mississippi, told High Times.

But never fear. Although the herpes virus should be considered a legitimate threat for those cannabis users who share weed with fish-lipping fiends, this vile disease does not have to cripple the concept of social marijuana use. Now, thanks to the legalization of recreational marijuana in a growing number of states, there is a variety of cannabis products on the market that cater to those individuals who no longer wish to share. These creations were not designed to be passed around the room like a bottle of toilet hooch in a Mexican prison. But rather, they are intended to bring a certain level of class and civility to those interested in living a disease free cannabis lifestyle. Here are three innovative products that provide the highs without the herp.

Toast – For The Smokers

Photo courtesy of Toast

Toast is a cannabis cigarette built for the germaphobe. The company devised these fancy low-THC joints to mimic the experience one might have while sipping on a cocktail. Its Original Slices and Gold Pack contain a 2:1 and 4:1 CBD:THC ratio, which provides the user with around 4-6 percent THC per cigarette. Toast is an “all-natural, mildly potent, 100% Cannabis cigarette,” according to company’s website. “While a Slice is designed to be consumed entirely by you, share your pack with friends for a social experience.”

Keef – For The Drinkers

Photo courtesy of Keef Brands

In the same way that members of civil society do not share their beers with others, Keef Brands has taken this concept to cannabis. The company has a variety of THC-infused soda’s and flavored sparkling water. Each beverage contains 10mg of of the intoxicating compound, so they are perfect for moderating a buzz, sip by sip, without getting too stoned, too fast. It is also the low dose of these concoctions that prevents party leeches and deadbeat friends from gaining any benefit whatsoever by stealing a swig when you’re not looking. Of course, we advise never leaving a drink unattended.

Kiva – For The Chocolate Lovers

Photo courtesy of Kiva Confections

Edible cannabis products are a solid purchase for any pot enthusiast trying to catch a buzz without encountering the mouths of others. Kiva Confections has an impressive variety of chocolate bars that, if used properly, can provide the user with a nice, consistent high without risking a lifelong virus. Each bar comes with 100 mg of THC, but they are sectioned off into 5 mg servings — making them very microdose friendly. Technically, these chocolate bars can broken in half and shared with others. But thankfully, no mouth contact is necessary.

Remember — marijuana buzzes wear off, but herpes is forever.

I am a freelance writer hailing from the darkest depths of the armpit of America. That’s Southern Indiana, just in case you were wondering. When I’m not carving out a…

I am a freelance writer hailing from the darkest depths of the armpit of America. That’s Southern Indiana, just in case you were wondering. When I’m not carving out a juicy story for various publications including High Times, Cannabis Now, and BroBible, you can find me down at the local tavern watching the Indiana Pacers, drowning my sorrows in the greasy comforts of a cheese double cheese with cheese. My qualifications are simple. I’ve been on the cannabis scene for the past six years. My work has appeared in Playboy’s Smoking Jacket, Mashable, Salon, and the New York Daily News, just to name a few. I also got really stoned one night with former Pantera vocalist Phil Anselmo and showed up for work the next day like it was nothing at all. Not as easy as it sounds. In addition to my coverage of the mad, mad world of cannabis legalization and the culture that exists around it, I am currently writing my first novel, which I hope will earn me enough money to never be seen or heard from again. Wish me luck!

Although the herpes virus is considered a sexually transmitted disease, it can easily be spread through the sharing of joints, vaporizers or any other smoking device. But there are some cannabis products that can help prevent the spread of this disease.

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rawtton strain

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Basic info about Rawtton

Ethos Genetics Flowering: ±65 days indica/sativa

Massive greasy flowers with a rich, complex terpene profile. Heavy acid rotting fruit along with chem and skunk. High terpene variation makes for an amazing pheno hunt, but not great for large homogenized crops. Medium tall but controllable height.

• Cup Winning Parents
• Extracts Up To: 15-20% Terpenes
• Morphology Variation: Medium (50/100)
• Days of Flower: 60-70
• Yield: 60-80 grams/sq ft
• Tested at: 22-30% THC
• Flower Variation: High (80/100)

All info about the marijuana strain Rawtton from the breeder Ethos Genetics!

Rawtton

breed by Ethos Genetics

Here you can find all info about Rawtton from Ethos Genetics. If you are searching for information about Rawtton from Ethos Genetics, check out our Basic Infos, Lineage / Genealogy or User Comments for this cannabis variety here at this page and follow the links to get even more information. If you have any personal experiences with growing or consuming this cannabis variety, please use the upload links to add them to the database!

Basic / Breeders Info

Rawtton is an indica/sativa variety from Ethos Genetics and can be cultivated indoors (where the plants will need a flowering time of ±65 days ) and outdoors . Ethos Genetics’ Rawtton is a THC dominant variety and is/was only available as feminized seeds.

Ethos Genetics’ Rawtton Description

Massive greasy flowers with a rich, complex terpene profile. Heavy acid rotting fruit along with chem and skunk. High terpene variation makes for an amazing pheno hunt, but not great for large homogenized crops. Medium tall but controllable height.

• Cup Winning Parents
• Extracts Up To: 15-20% Terpenes
• Morphology Variation: Medium (50/100)
• Days of Flower: 60-70
• Yield: 60-80 grams/sq ft
• Tested at: 22-30% THC
• Flower Variation: High (80/100)

Rawtton Lineage / Genealogy

  • Rawtton »»» Chem D x Mandarin Sunset
  • Chem D
    • »»» Chem’91 probably x Chemdog D
    • Chem’91 probably 91 Skunk VA
      • Chem Dawg (specified above)
    • Chemdog D
      • Unknown Indica »»» Indica
  • Mandarin Sunset
    • »»» Orange Velvet x Herijuana
    • Orange Velvet Probably
      • »»» Skunk x Unknown Strain Probably
      • Skunk
        • Skunk #1
          • »»» Afghanistan x Mexico x Colombia
          • Afghanistan »»» Indica
          • Mexico »»» Sativa
          • Colombia »»» Sativa
      • Unknown Strain
    • Herijuana
      • »»» Killer New Haven x Petrolia Headstash
      • Killer New Haven
        • Unknown Hybrid, Kentucky »»» Indica/Sativa Hybrid
      • Petrolia Headstash
        • Afghanistan »»» Indica

Map of the Rawtton Family Tree

Rawtton User Comments

Altogether we’ve collected 1 user comment about Ethos Genetics’ Rawtton. Here you find the 1 english user comment:

BostonBigGrow – 07.09.2018

Grown under twin cmh 315 1 grow bulb 1 veg bulb 2 generation clone from a feminized seed

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Comparisons

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User Reviews

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Medical Values

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Rawtton breed by Ethos Genetics Here you can find all info about Rawtton from Ethos Genetics . If you are searching for information about Rawtton from Ethos Genetics, check out our Basic