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nevada marijuana growing laws

Nevada laws for “Cultivation of Marijuana” in Nevada (NRS 453.3393)

Updated July 1, 2020

Nevada marijuana law permits recreational marijuana cultivation of up to 6 plants (a maximum of 12 per household) only if the grower is more than 25 miles from the nearest licensed dispensary. Growing more than 12 plants is a felony, though the court typically grants probation instead of Nevada State Prison.

Common defenses to Nevada charges of cultivating weed include:

  1. The defendant had no knowledge the pot was growing on his/her property, or
  2. The defendant had a valid medical marijuana card, and he/she was too ill or lacked means to travel to a dispensary

Even though Nevada recently legalized recreational marijuana, courts still take cultivation crimes very seriously. And growing 50 lbs. or more of pot is prosecuted as trafficking, even if it is just for personal use.

In this article, our Las Vegas criminal defense attorneys answer frequently-asked-questions about Nevada laws for cultivating marijuana, including punishments, defense strategies, record seals, and immigration consequences. Click on a topic to jump to that section:

1. May I cultivate my own marijuana in Las Vegas, Nevada?

Recreational pot cultivation is permitted under very limited circumstances. Only people who live more than 25 miles from the nearest dispensary are allowed to grow pot. In reality, this rule outlaws anyone in Clark and Washoe Counties.

Furthermore, the few rural Nevadans who live more than 25 miles from a dispensary may grow no more than six (6) plants per person. And no household may have more than twelve (12) plants. Finally, the marijuana must be cultivated in an enclosed space not viewable by the general public (so not near a window where people from the street can see).

Note that “cultivation” comprises “growing” as well as the following actions:

  • manufacturing,
  • planting,
  • harvesting,
  • drying,
  • propagating, or
  • processing

Obviously, commercial growers with a valid registration card from the Nevada State Health Division operate by a different set of rules. 1

1.1. Medical Marijuana Patients

People with valid Nevada medical marijuana cards follow slightly laxer rules. They may grow their own marijuana plants only if:

  • the dispensary is unable to supply the marijuana to the cardholder, or
  • the cardholder is too ill to travel to the dispensary, or
  • the cardholder lacks transportation to travel to the dispensary, or
  • there is no dispensary within 25 miles of the cardholder

And cardholders may not possess more than 12 marijuana plants, mature or immature. 2

2. Can I go to jail for growing my own marijuana in Las Vegas, Nevada?

Usually not for a first offense. And it is often possible to get criminal charges reduced or dismissed through a plea bargain.

The specific penalties depend on the circumstances:

2.1. Growing more than 12 plants (but less than 50 lbs.)

Illegally growing more than 12 plants is a category E felony in Nevada. It carries probation and a suspended sentence and the cost of cleaning and disposing of the marijuana and cultivation facility. But if the defendant has at least two prior felony convictions, the court can order:

  • 1 to 4 years in Nevada State Prison, and
  • maybe up to $5,000 in fines

Note that growing 50 lbs or more of marijuana is automatically prosecuted as trafficking, which carries much harsher penalties and steep fines. 3

2.2. Violating other cultivation rules (NRS 453D.400)

Recreational growers face prosecution for either of the following acts:

  1. Cultivating marijuana within 25 miles of a licensed retail marijuana store;
  2. Cultivating marijuana plants where they are visible from a public place by normal unaided vision; or
  3. Cultivating marijuana on property not in the cultivator’s lawful possession, or without the consent of the property owner

The punishment for committing one of these offenses increases with each successive conviction: 4

2.3. Concentrated Cannabis

It is a category C felony for a recreational user to knowingly or intentionally extract concentrated cannabis. The penalty is 1 to 5 years in prison and possibly up to $10,000 in fines. 5

3. How do I fight the charges?

The defenses available to defendants facing charges for growing marijuana in Nevada depend on the circumstances of the case. Two common strategies include:

  1. Lack of intent: Cultivating marijuana is not illegal in Nevada if the person had no idea he/she was growing it. For example, a person with a wild marijuana plant growing in his/her background is committing no crime as long as he/she does not realize the plant is marijuana. If the prosecutor cannot prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant knowingly or intentionally grew marijuana, the charges should be dropped.
  2. Medical Marijuana: Cultivating marijuana is legal as long as it is done in accordance with Nevada medical marijuana laws. If the grower is a patient, he/she can cultivate up to 12 marijuana plants as long as he/she cannot reasonably get marijuana from a dispensary and has a valid Nevada medical marijuana card. The charges should be dismissed as long as the defendant can show Nevada medical marijuana laws permitted them to cultivate marijuana.

Note that Nevada law enforcement often learns of illegal marijuana growers by satellite images showing greenhouses or by unusual electricity usage. When prosecuting cultivation cases, the D.A. often presents photographs of the plants and lab results confirming that the specimens are indeed marijuana.

4. Can I get my record sealed?

Usually, yes. The waiting period to begin the record seal process depends on the specific charge:

Classification of Cultivating Marijuana Charge Record Seal Wait Time
misdemeanor (NRS 453D.400) 1 year after the case closes
gross misdemeanor (NRS 453D.400) 2 years after the case closes
category E felony (NRS 453.3393) 2 years after the case closes
category C felony (NRS 453.3393) 5 years after the case closes

Note that any criminal charge that gets dismissed can be sealed immediately. 6

5. Can I get deported for growing marijuana?

Probably not for growing a small amount, but it is a gray area. Aliens who have been arrested should seek legal counsel from an attorney right away to discuss their options for safeguarding their resident status. Learn more about the criminal defense of immigrants in Nevada. 7

6. Related offenses

Additional marijuana crimes in Nevada are:

Call us if you are facing a drug charge…

Arrested for “cultivating marijuana” in Nevada? Contact our Las Vegas criminal defense attorneys to schedule a free meeting. We may be able to persuade the prosecutors to reduce or dismiss your charges without a trial.

¿Habla español? Obtener información acerca de las leyes de Nevada para el cultivo de marihuana.

Arrested in Colorado? Go to our article on Colorado marijuana laws.

Legal References:
  1. NRS 453D.110; NRS 453D.400.
  2. NRS 453A.200.
  3. NRS 453.3393.
  4. NRS 453.3363, NRS 453.580
  5. NRS 453.3393
  6. NRS 179.245; NRS 179.255.
  7. Immigration and Nationality ActINA § 237(a)(2)(B)(i); 8 USC 1227(a)(2)(B)(i).

Nevada Revised Statutes Blog Posts:

Updated July 1, 2020 Nevada marijuana law permits recreational marijuana cultivation of up to 6 plants (a maximum of 12 per household) only if the grower is more than 25 miles from the nearest licensed dispensary. Growing more than 12 plants is a felony, though the court typically grants probation instead of Nevada State Prison. .

Updated July 1, 2020 Nevada marijuana law permits recreational marijuana cultivation of up to 6 plants (a maximum of 12 per household) only if the grower is more than 25 miles from the nearest licensed dispensary. Growing more than 12 plants is a felony, though the court typically grants probation instead of Nevada State Prison. .

Updated July 1, 2020 Nevada marijuana law permits recreational marijuana cultivation of up to 6 plants (a maximum of 12 per household) only if the grower is more than 25 miles from the nearest licensed dispensary. Growing more than 12 plants is a felony, though the court typically grants probation instead of Nevada State Prison. .

Updated July 1, 2020 Nevada marijuana law permits recreational marijuana cultivation of up to 6 plants (a maximum of 12 per household) only if the grower is more than 25 miles from the nearest licensed dispensary. Growing more than 12 plants is a felony, though the court typically grants probation instead of Nevada State Prison. .

Only people more than 25 miles away from a licensed dispensary may grow marijuana in Nevada for recreational purposes. Those growers are limited to 6 plants per person and 12 per household. The marijuana plants may not be visible to the public. Depending on the facts, violations may carry fines or prison time.

MARIJUANA ESTABLISHMENT & LICENSING

The attorneys at Connor & Connor PLLC are experienced Nevada business attorneys who have assisted their clients with navigating the complex marijuana laws and regulations in Nevada. Because the Nevada Marijuana program is strictly regulated, our clients often rely on us to form their business entities, to assist with applications, contracts, land use, licensing and regulatory compliance.

Marijuana Establishing & Licensing in Nevada

SB374 and the legalization of Medical Marijuana Establishments

Before the passage of SB374 (the bill that legalized Nevada’s marijuana industry) the only legal avenue for Nevada marijuana patients two acquire their medicine was to grow their own (of course state law did not provide a legal means to acquire clones or seeds). Unfortunately, this required investment in time and expensive equipment and often required renovations to patient’s homes. If a patient did not own their home, they faced eviction by landlords for violating the terms of their lease agreements. Patients were often contacted by law enforcement who would receive reports of possible illegal grow operations that were actual legal patient gardens. Patients also faced the risk of violent home invasion robberies by criminals looking to steal their medicine. As a result, many patients were unable to grow their own medicine legally and were forced to turn to the black or gray market.

After a long legal battle Nevada’s medical marijuana patients finally won the right to legally buy their medicine at a state licensed marijuana establishment thanks to state senators Tick Segerblom (D NV) and Mark Hutchinson (R NV) who sponsored SB374 and paved the way for a safe, legal, marijuana industry in Nevada. The Nevada Legislature passed SB 374 and on June 12, 2013, Governor Brian Sandoval signed the bill into law. SB374 made sweeping changes to Nevada’s medical marijuana laws.

Question 2 and the Legalization of Recreational Marijuana in Nevada

In November 2016, Nevadans voted yes on ballot Question 2 to legalize the recreational use of marijuana. The ballot required the state to begin sales by January 1, 2018, but the Nevada Tax Commission approved temporary regulations that would allow businesses launch as early as July 1, 2017. The “early start” program has been a resounding success generating revenue for marijuana establishments and millions of dollars of tax revenue for the state and local governments.

The Four Types of Medical Marijuana Establishments:

Nevada law provides for four types of medical marijuana establishment licenses. Under Nevada revised statutes 453A, the four types of medical marijuana establishment certificates are:

  • Medical Marijuana Dispensary
  • Medical Marijuana Cultivation Facility
  • Medical Marijuana Production Facility
  • Independent Testing Laboratory

Each medical marijuana establishment certificate only allows the specific type of activity permitted by the certificate. For example, a cultivation certificate only permits the holder to engage in the cultivation of marijuana, they cannot make retail sales to customers or produce marijuana infused products like edibles. Similarly, a production facility cannot cultivate marijuana. All transactions with a marijuana establishment must be made in accordance with Nevada law, any sales to unauthorized individuals or businesses are strictly forbidden and are subject to severe penalties including loss of licensure and criminal prosecution.

The following provides a brief description of each type of facility:

Medical Marijuana Dispensary

A marijuana dispensary certificate allows the holder to purchase marijuana from state licensed marijuana cultivation facilities and state licensed edible facilities. Dispensaries cannot purchase marijuana or marijuana infused products from any unauthorized sources, including out of state facilities regardless of whether or not those facilities are licensed in their jurisdiction (i.e. no importing from other states). A marijuana dispensary is the ONLY facility permitted to make sales to individual patients and customers. The number of dispensary licenses are held to a specific number by state law, meaning once they are all taken no more will be issued by the state unless the law were to be amended.

Medical Marijuana Cultivation Facility

A marijuana cultivation certificate allows the holder to cultivate marijuana. Marijuana cultivation facilities may acquire their initial plants from those patients authorized to possess marijuana plants. Marijuana cultivation facilities may sell the marijuana they cultivate to marijuana production facilities and dispensaries after such products have passed Nevada’s rigorous testing processes. Marijuana cultivation facilities, like all marijuana establishments in Nevada, are subject to very strict regulations regarding safety, security and cleanliness.

Medical Marijuana Production Facility

A marijuana production certificate allows the holder to produce marijuana infused products, including edibles and extracts. A marijuana production facility may only purchase marijuana cultivated at a Nevada licensed facility. A marijuana production facility may only sell its products to a Nevada licensed dispensary or another production facility. Like all marijuana establishments, marijuana production facilities are strictly regulated by the state for the safety and security of their products.

Independent Testing Laboratory

A marijuana independent testing laboratory certificate allows the holder to test marijuana grown at a state licensed facility, or products produced at a state licensed production facility, to test for the presence of banned or unsafe substances. Independent testing laboratories must remain truly independent. If you own any part of one of the other three types of marijuana licenses in the state of Nevada you may not own any part of an independent testing laboratory. The reason for this separation of ownership is to ensure that the labs remain objective in their analysis of the products.

Retail Marijuana Licenses:

When the voters passed Question 2, marijuana for adult-use became legal (called retail marijuana). This initiative petition was codified in Nevada Revised Statutes 453D. While some facilities are dual-licensed (medical and retail), each license should be treated separately.

The following license types exist in the retail program:

Retail Marijuana Store

A marijuana dispensary certificate allows the holder to purchase marijuana from state licensed marijuana cultivation facilities and state licensed edible facilities. Dispensaries cannot purchase marijuana or marijuana infused products from any unauthorized sources, including out of state facilities regardless of whether or not those facilities are licensed in their jurisdiction (i.e. no importing from other states). A marijuana dispensary is the ONLY facility permitted to make sales to individual patients and customers. The number of dispensary licenses are held to a specific number by state law, meaning once they are all taken no more will be issued by the state unless the law were to be amended.

Retail Marijuana Cultivation Facility

A marijuana cultivation certificate allows the holder to cultivate marijuana. Marijuana cultivation facilities may acquire their initial plants from those patients authorized to possess marijuana plants. Marijuana cultivation facilities may sell the marijuana they cultivate to marijuana production facilities and dispensaries after such products have passed Nevada’s rigorous testing processes. Marijuana cultivation facilities, like all marijuana establishments in Nevada, are subject to very strict regulations regarding safety, security and cleanliness.

Retail Marijuana Production Facility

A marijuana production certificate allows the holder to produce marijuana infused products, including edibles and extracts. A marijuana production facility may only purchase marijuana cultivated at a Nevada licensed facility. A marijuana production facility may only sell its products to a Nevada licensed dispensary or another production facility. Like all marijuana establishments, marijuana production facilities are strictly regulated by the state for the safety and security of their products.

Independent Testing Laboratory

A marijuana independent testing laboratory certificate allows the holder to test marijuana grown at a state licensed facility, or products produced at a state licensed production facility, to test for the presence of banned or unsafe substances. Independent testing laboratories must remain truly independent. If you own any part of one of the other three types of marijuana licenses in the state of Nevada you may not own any part of an independent testing laboratory. The reason for this separation of ownership is to ensure that the labs remain objective in their analysis of the products.

Marijuana Distributor License

A marijuana distribution license can be thought of as a fifth type of marijuana establishment certificate. The law regarding adult use or recreational marijuana in Nevada required that recreational marijuana be regulated like alcohol. Therefore, the system is modeled on Nevada’s three-tiered alcohol distribution system. Accordingly, any marijuana designated for adult use must be transported by an state licensed marijuana distributor. This system has created some confusion in the state and a lot of litigation due to the perceived availability of individuals eligible to apply for distributor licenses and their ability or lack thereof to service the needs of the marijuana industry. Medical-only marijuana may still be delivered to other marijuana facilities by the medical marijuana licensees.

Requirements for Opening a Marijuana Establishment:

Acquiring a marijuana establishment certificate in Nevada, like most parts of the industry, is subject to strict regulations. Applications are not open 365 days per year; you may only apply for a marijuana establishment license during periods when the state is accepting applications. By law, the state must announce when it is accepting applications so pay close attention to announcements made by the Nevada Department of Taxation and the news. If the application period is closed, there is NO WAY to legally apply to the state for a marijuana establishment certificate. Further, individuals or groups wishing to open a marijuana establishment must be able to demonstrate the following:

  • That they control $250,000.00 in liquid assets
  • That no member or owner of the proposed establishment has prior convictions for certain felonies or for distribution of a controlled substance (subject to certain exceptions)
  • That they have submitted all relevant fees (described below)
  • That physical address is located 1,000 feet from any school and 300 feet from any community facility such as religious institutions
  • Evidence that the applicant owns the proposed property where the establishment will be located, or that they have written notarized permission from the landlord to operate a marijuana establishment on the premises
  • Applicants must submit the name, address, date of birth and a complete set of fingerprints for each person who is proposed to be an owner or officer of the establishment
  • The name, address and date of birth of every proposed employee of volunteer of the establishment
  • Proposed policies and procedures consistent with the rules of the Department of Taxation and with the laws and administrative regulations
  • Each marijuana establishment must be located in a separate building or facility located in a commercial or industrial zone or overlay
  • Each marijuana establishment must comply with all state and local ordinances and rules pertaining to zoning, land use and signage (these rules vary from one jurisdiction to another, so check with the local governing authority and your lawyer before committing to any location)
  • Each marijuana establishment shall have discreet signage consistent with traditional medical offices and pharmacies
  • Each marijuana establishment shall have a professional interior in the traditional style of medical offices and pharmacies
  • Each marijuana establishment must have one secure entrance, notwithstanding relevant fire codes

In addition to the above, each medical marijuana establishment or retail marijuana establishment must follow very stringent regulations regarding the purchase, cultivation and production of marijuana infused products. All marijuana and marijuana products sold in dispensaries must be purchased from licensed medical marijuana establishments in the state of Nevada.

Licensing Fees

There will also be significant fees associated with opening a marijuana establishment. These fees are in addition to any fees relating to forming and registering a business or corporation with the Nevada Secretary of State and any local licensing fees (which vary from one jurisdiction to another). The fees for the separate types of establishments are as follows:

Medical

Dispensary Licensing Fees:

  • $5,000.00 nonrefundable application fee
  • $30,000.00 initial licensing fee
  • $5,000.00 annual renewal fee

Cultivation Facility Licensing Fees:

  • $5,000.00 nonrefundable application fee
  • $3,000.00 initial licensing fee
  • $1,000.00 annual renewal fee

Edibles Production Facility Licensing Fees:

  • $5,000.00 nonrefundable application fee
  • $3,000.00 initial licensing fee
  • $1,000.00 renewal fee

Independent Testing Laboratory Licensing Fees:

  • $5,000.00 nonrefundable application fee
  • $5,000.00 initial licensing fee
  • $3,000.00 annual renewal fee
Retail

Application fee of $5000 for all applications

  • For the initial issuance of a retail marijuana store license – $20,000 ($6,600 for the renewal)
  • For the initial issuance of a retail marijuana cultivation license – $30,000 ($10,000 for the renewal)
  • For the initial issuance of a retail marijuana production license – $10,000 ($3,300 for the renewal)
  • For the initial issuance of a marijuana distributor license – $15,000 ($5,000 for the renewal)
  • For the initial issuance of a marijuana testing facility license – $15,000 ($5,000 for the renewal)

In addition to the above fees each applicant for a marijuana establishment license must pay to the Department of Taxation the actual costs of processing the application including the costs of background checks. Putting together a quality application is very time consuming and can be very costly.

Marijuana Support Businesses:

In addition to business licenses for marijuana establishments, local governments require marijuana support business licenses for businesses that operate to support the marijuana industry. This could include consulting businesses, lighting companies, security companies, and staffing companies. It is important to know if your business will require a marijuana support business license in order to operate in compliance.

Additional Considerations:

In addition to the above fees and requirements each marijuana establishments are strictly regulated. All marijuana produced and sold in the state of Nevada must be strictly accounted for. The facility must track all marijuana produced from seed or clone all the way to the consumer. Each facility must enact strict policies to ensure that all marijuana distributed to patients and retail customers is accounted for to ensure that none of it is entering the illegal stream of commerce. Each facility must also utilize strict security measures including alarms and real-time monitoring systems in order to track the marijuana. In short, marijuana establishments will be subject to complex regulations and any violation will result in a loss of the establishments license or potentially criminal prosecution. As a result, we strongly recommend consulting with an attorney to ensure strict compliance with the regulations.

Again it is important to understand that a person may still face prosecution under a litany of Federal Laws as the Federal Government does not recognize Nevada marijuana laws.

Nevada Marijuana Business Establishment & Licensing is complex. The Cannabis attorneys at Connor & Connor PLLC can help you get a Marijuana Business License in Nevada.

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ph of marijuana

The perfect PH value for a cannabis plant

In the world of gardening, pH both affects and is affected by everything. Indeed, the entire process of growing plants is a study in the physical dance of pH balance.

Contents:

So, you are on your way to growing great cannabis. Your seeds have sprouted, and a small cannabis plant is now eagerly growing. You have spent good money on quality nutrients, and have made sure to properly water and feed your precious plant baby. But something is wrong; you notice your plant appears sick. The leaves are getting discoloured and growth has come to a standstill. Before you know it, your plant is withering away, and you’re stumped as to how this could’ve possibly happened.

Among fatal flaws like overwatering and overfeeding, pH imbalances are one of the most common issues in the cannabis garden. To understand why pH is so important, let us first understand the concept in and of itself.

WHAT IS PH?

pH is a measure of how acidic or alkaline something is. The pH scale ranges from 1–14, with a pH of 7 being neutral (the pH of pure water). If pH is lower than 7, a substance is considered acidic (think vinegar or lemon juice). If the pH is higher than 7, the substance is alkaline, as is the case with soaps, bleach, and ammonia.

In more scientific terms, pH level has to do with the concentration of hydrogen ions, say in the water you give to your plants. The pH scale is logarithmic to the base 10, which means that water with a pH of 6 is already 10x more acidic than water with a pH of 7.

WHY IS PH IMPORTANT WHEN GROWING CANNABIS?

As you will already know, all plants require nutrients for healthy growth. They require macronutrients nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, as well as micronutrients and minerals including calcium, magnesium, iron, copper, and a whole lot more. If plants cannot access these nutrients, it will lead to deficiencies and other serious health problems.

The issue with cannabis plants is that they are only able to take up nutrients within a small pH window, which ranges from about 6–7 when growing in soil. If the pH is lower or higher than that, the plant cannot take in nutrients, even if they are present—thus spurring nutrient deficiencies via “nutrient lockout”.

In those places where cannabis thrives in the wild, the soil is normally slightly acidic; therefore, homegrown cannabis plants will also prefer a slightly acidic environment. However, the way that you grow cannabis also plays a role in the optimal pH level for your plants. Cannabis grown hydroponically or without soil needs an even lower pH than a soil grow.

WHAT’S THE BEST PH FOR GROWING CANNABIS?

SOIL: 6.0–7.0 pH

If you grow in soil, the optimal pH level for the root zone is between 6.0 and 7.0. However, there is no set number within this range that is “best”. Instead, it can be good to allow for some natural fluctuation within this window to support optimal nutrient uptake. So as you adjust, try a slightly different reading each time. You can, for example, adjust your pH to 6.2 for one watering, then 6.6 the next. As long as it stays within 6.0–7.0, you should be fine. Soil is also more forgiving when it comes to pH imbalances, but it can only give so much.

If you grow purely organically—where you do not administer liquid nutrients—pH is less of an issue. If you’re using amended and composted soil with organic matter, the microorganisms within will make the nutrients more available to the roots. However, most growers using standard potting mixes and liquid nutrients will indeed have to reckon with pH.

HYDROPONICS AND SOILLESS: 5.5–6.5 pH

Hydro and soilless grows are a different beast when it comes to pH. If you grow soilless, say in coco, the optimal pH level at the root zone should be somewhat lower than in soil, between 5.5–6.5. The same goes for all methods of hydro.

With these methods, it is just as important that you allow the pH level to fluctuate across the acceptable range to support nutrient uptake. For example, in hydro, calcium and magnesium are mostly absorbed at pH levels above 6, while other nutrients like manganese prefer a slightly lower pH.

Then again, this shouldn’t be an issue since pH levels will naturally change slightly with each feeding in a hydroponic setup. You will only need to correct if the pH level exits the optimal 5.5–6.5 pH range.

When growing in coco, perlite, or hydroponically, you are in charge of administering nutrients directly to the root zone via the water, which means that huge pH fluctuations are more of a risk than in soil. The inert media used in hydro and soilless grows merely retains water and provides support for the roots of your plants. So when administering nutrients, be careful that you don’t overload your plants.

In the world of gardening, pH both affects and is affected by everything. Indeed, the entire process of growing plants is a study in the physical dance of pH balance.

Wasser und pH

The pH is the measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution or substrate. A low pH shows that the solution is acidic and a high pH that it is base/alkaline. The middle value of approx. pH 6.8 is the neutral range. The pH is absolutely vital for all living organisms in various ways.

In the world of plants each plant species is perfectly adapted to a certain pH range of the soil or water. Hobby gardeners are usually familiar with the different pH requirements of various plants like rhododendron, roses, or conifers, and buy special soil mixes and regulate the pH of water appropriately.

Cannabis requires a pH range around the neutral value of 6.0-6.5 so that it can assimilate nutrients from the growing medium. In any cultivation the pH of the water must therefore be monitored and adjusted appropriately. A full point difference in pH represents a tenfold increase in either acidity or alkalinity. If you water on soil with pH 5.5 it is 10 times more acidic than pH 6.5! A pH below 6.0 can trigger a deficiency of calcium resulting in burnt root tips and black spots on leaves. A pH above 7.0 causes a deficiency in iron which results in chlorotic leaves and yellowing of veins. The assimilation of all major & secondary nutrients required by cannabis for healthy growth and flowering can be seriously affected by an incorrect pH. Most affected are phosphorous, potassium, magnesium, calcium, iron, and manganese. Read our Nutrient Problems Guide for more info on symptoms.

Photo: this is a standard colour chart for a liquid pH tester. The optimum pH range of water for cannabis cultivation in soil is a light green colour that indicates pH 6.2-6.5

Photo: electronic pH testers range from inexpensive, such as this model, to high-end. They are handy but can be less reliable than a liquid tester because you have to calibrate them regularly. For calibration you need to purchase calibration fluid for pH 4 and pH 7 and a simple thermostat.

Purchase your essential gardening kit.

SOIL: pH tester, EC meter, bottle of cheap vinegar (6° acidity), measurement cup for 10-100 ml
HYDROPONICS: pH tester, EC meter, bottle of cheap vinegar or pH UP & DOWN, measurement cup for 10-100 ml

Test the quality of your water by checking the pH and EC range. Take into account any unusual colour or smell of the water. Make a chemical analysis at a pharmacy if you think your well water or tap water is heavily contaminated.

Take appropriate action if the water quality is low: a high EC or very low/high pH are indicators (i.e. pH below 6 or above 8). A household osmosis filter is the cheapest long-term solution to improving water quality if you have no other clean water source.

SOIL

Measure the volume of vinegar * required for a fixed amount of water to adjust the pH down to 6.2-6.5. Add the required amount of vinegar each time you need to water and check the pH before watering.
If the water is too acidic (i.e. below pH 6.0) you should mix or replace it with another water source that has a higher pH. This could be bottled mineral water or rain water.
If you are using tap water let it sit in a bucket for a few hours so that the chlorine evaporates.

*Vinegar is a neutral acid that is completely harmless to plants when diluted in water. It should be used to adjust the pH of the water for soil cultivation to prevent overfertilizing of plants. The commercial pH DOWN products all contain potent nitric or phosphoric acid that raise the salt level in soil and can burn your plants. Especially seedlings and young plants easily suffer from regular watering with pH Down.

HYDROPONICS

Add the required nutrients to your water until you have the appropriate EC (nutrient concentration) for your plants.
Measure the pH of the nutrient solution.
If the pH is still too high add vinegar
* or pH DOWN until the solution has the correct pH.
If the pH is too low add pH UP until the solution has the correct pH.
When you are using tap water let it sit in a container for a few hours so that the chlorine evaporates.

*Vinegar is a neutral acid that is completely harmless to plants when diluted in water. It can be used for Hydrofarms with hydro correls and on rockwool. Not all growing mediums may be suitable. run a test if you are using coco coir or other substrates.

Regularly check the pH and EC of your water if you are using tap water because there are sometimes larger fluctuations in water quality from municipal companies.

“Incorrect pH belongs to the most serious nutrient disorders in organic-soil gardens. Many complex biological processes occur between organic fertilizers and the soil during nutrient uptake. The pH is critical to the livelihood of these activities.” (Marijuana Horticulture, Jorge Cervantes)

Many plant problems that are attributed by the grower to lack of fertilizer or poor genetics are in actual fact caused by the wrong pH of the growing medium or water (most often of water).

Failure to adjust the pH to the desirable range will result in several negative symptoms, that will range from mild to chronic, depending on the severity and duration of the pH unbalance:

  • single nutrient deficiency or multiple nutrient deficiencies causing any of the following: stunted growth, yellowing, dark blotches on leaves, small dark-blue leaves, contorted shoots, shriveled growth, leaf curl or burn, leaf drop, delayed flowering, low yield, etc.
  • higher ratio of males during sexing
  • appearance of male flowers on females
  • vulnerability to mold and fungus
  • vulnerability to pests

Fertilizing a plant that is suffering from a pH imbalance usually increases the cycle of problems. It may show a brief respite to symptoms, but only because the fertilizer added to the water may have changed the pH favourably for a short time. Without paying attention to the actual problem and adjusting the pH to the correct range your plants will continue to suffer and you will lose yield on a daily basis.

Due to the constant availability of nutrients in a solvent form in hydroponics there is a greater range of tolerance in pH fluctuation. Cannabis grows well hydroponically within a range of 5.5-6.5. Usually the pH is regulated to 5.8-6.0 for hydroponic systems with a growing medium that has been stabilized.

The ideal pH and pH fluctuation in hydroponics depends on several factors that you have to evaluate on an individual basis because each hydroponic system is different due to the following:

  • water quality
  • growing medium (coco coir, rockwool, hydro correls, mixture of several mediums, other substrates, or mainly pure water such as aero-flow and bubbler)
  • nutrient products used and their buffer capacity
  • additional products or buffer agents used
  • type of watering system & watering schedule
  • EC of nutrient solution
  • size of nutrient solution tank or plant container
  • room temperature
  • size of plants and their nutrient uptake

All of these factors influence how the pH should be adjusted and how it changes in the containers or tank over a period of time. A fluctuation of one full point in hydroponics can usually be tolerated by cannabis as long as the pH is stabilized to the ideal range within 24 hrs. For best results the pH should therefore be monitored daily in a system with large fluctuation.

Ideally your water quality should be good enough so that no or only minimal adjustment to the pH is required for a fresh nutrient solution.
Purchasing the correct fertilizer for your water quality helps in stabilizing the pH in your system. Several companies offer hydroponic fertilizer for either “hard” or “soft” water.

Photo: a standard pH kit for hydroponics includes a liquid pH tester, pH UP (potassium) and pH DOWN (nitric or phosphoric acid) for adjusting the pH range. Alternatively, vinegar can be used on some growing mediums to reduce pH if mineral salts are undesirable due to their effect on the EC of the nutrient solution.

Water quality

Tap water and well water are two main sources that need to be checked for quality. Both can be contaminated with toxic levels of minerals. High levels of sodium (Na) are often found in well water and can cause excessive damage to plants. Saline water on the whole must be avoided.

Photo: yellowing, leaf curl, circular burnt spots on leaves, and leaf drop are typical symptoms from water with a high level of sodium.

Tap water can be “hard” from high levels of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg). The pH is in this case very alkaline. Chlorine is another common additive which causes stunted growth in plants and acidifies the soil. If your tap water smells from chlorine you should fill warm water into a bucket and let it sit for a few hours so that the chlorine can evaporate.

For a general assessment of your water quality test the pH and EC range with your essential kit. Also look at the colour of the water and if it has any strong smell. If you notice anything out of the ordinary you can give a 1L sample to the pharmacy for a chemical analysis. The pharmacy sells sterile bottles for this purpose. The analysis usually costs 50-60$/Euro and provides details of common harmful contaminants. This is especially recommended for testing well water. It helps to say that you need an analysis for drinking use and watering plants so that specific contaminants are tested for. If you need to install an osmosis filter for heavily polluted water you will need this analysis to purchase the correct osmosis system and filters.

Your municipal water board can provide a free chemical analysis of the tap water in your neighbourhood if you request it because they regularly perform these tests as a standard procedure. Usually this is not necessary for you to look into unless the water is very poor quality or running through old pipes that pose a health hazard.

Photo: a typical household osmosis filter can be attached to any water faucet in your home or garden. The best buy is a 3-chamber system which contains three filters that can be replaced at relatively low cost.

Usually a household osmosis filter is sufficient to clean water from common impurities such as calcium, magnesium, and low levels of salts. The cost of 100,-$/Euro is worth the investment and cheaper than buying bottled mineral water. An osmosis filter system can last a lifetime and you only need to exchange the filters every once in a while. An osmosis filter is essential if your water has a high EC . Generally an EC above 0.7 is problematic, especially if you need to fertilize indoor or have a hydroponic system. Mixing your water approx. 50-50 with pure osmosis water solves this problem.

For germination and seedlings you should always use high quality water: “soft” mineral water with pH 6.5 and low levels of sodium is best. The pH should be adjusted to the ideal range with vinegar so that there are no salts which can inhibit germination or damage the seedlings. In hydroponics a very weak nutrient solution of EC 0.6 is usually used. For germination pure water is also sufficient until the seedling appears.

Lerne wann und wie zu düngen ist. Ein essenzieller Ratgeber der deine Pflanzen und Ernten schützt!

Wasser und pH The pH is the measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution or substrate. A low pH shows that the solution is acidic and a high pH that it is base/alkaline. The middle value

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roll out seeds

Instructions for Roll & Grow Flower Mats

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If you weren’t born with “green fingers” but envy luscious flower gardens and containers that are ripe with tomatoes and herbs, do not despair. A roll-out flower mat may be your answer to making your garden magazine worthy. The beauty of roll-out flowers and rockets is in their simplicity. Just prepare the bed, lay out the material, water and wait – no more digging, fertilizing and mulching.

As long as you tend to the flower mat with ample water and the mat has the sun it needs, your garden will bloom. Whether your garden gets all-day sun, partial sun or shade, there’s a roll-out flower mat available to fit your needs.

Flower Mat Choices

Before heading to the local garden center or shopping online, determine what you want to grow, the amount of sun your patch gets and how large you want your garden to be. Don’t be shy about mixing and matching butterfly plants with wildflowers and lavender. All are available in either annual or perennial versions. Most come with a premixed selection of flowering seeds that provide a colorful and congenial mix.

If your plot is an irregular size, you can simply cut the flower mat to fit it. They are available in 2 x 4-feet rolls that are up to 10 feet in length. The mat can also be purchased or cut to fit a circular container, or you may wish to plant a flower rocket – a circular wad of material infused with seeds that explodes with vegetation once placed on top of the soil.

Gardening Made Simple

A flower mat is made of fiber or even paper woven with seeds infused within the layers. The mats are water retentive, and some even have moisture-retaining granules and fertilizer included in the mix. The mats serve as a weed barrier and are fully biodegradable, according to Garden Innovations. All have like-minded mixes of seeds that grow under the same conditions. Many do not bloom all at once, giving your garden a continuous season of colors and shapes.

Flower rockets and seed tapes also work in a similar fashion. The seeds are embedded into the fiber, and then it is rolled for easy handling and planting. Most are 2 to 3 inches high. Rockets need plenty of water, and the container should be placed according to the sunshine needs of the plant or flowers. When you plant the rocket, unfurl the bundle slightly to allow water to penetrate all the layers.

Preparing Your Flower Bed

Before using your flower mat or flower rocket, be sure the last frost is past and that the soil is warming. Preparation isn’t as intense as if you’re planting seeds, but the bed should be aerated and weeds and stones removed, suggests LoveToKnow. Water the bed and roll out the mat, patting it down so the bottom of the mat is against the soil. Leave several inches between the edge of the mat and the walkway.

Flower and vegetable rockets are even easier to plant, especially when you are container gardening. Follow the flower rocket instructions and fill the container 3/4 full with a good potting soil that meets the requirements of the rocket, dig a hole in the center of the soil and drop the coil into it. Add soil to the top and water well. Place the container in a sunny spot, water twice daily and continue watering until germination takes place. Cut back the water to a daily soak.

Watching and Waiting for Blooms

A tomato rocket is especially rewarding as you watch the small tomato flowers bud and then turn into ripe, red orbs. If necessary, stake or cage the growing vine to stabilize it and allow the tomatoes to ripen on the vine instead of drooping onto the soil. Other vegetables should be watched as well to prevent insect invasions. Be sure the mat and rocket are well-watered initially and given the appropriate sun conditions.

The flower mat, rocket or tape germinates within 10 to 25 days, with flowers appearing after six to seven weeks. Roll-out flowers are created so that not all flowers bloom at the same time, but once the season is in full swing, your flowers will be plentiful, the vegetables and herbs will be ready to be harvested and if you’ve chosen a hummingbird or butterfly garden, you’ll see nature attracted to your garden.

Instructions for Roll & Grow Flower Mats. Roll and grow flower mats, sometimes called seed blankets, contain soil and various flower seeds encased between a water retentive fiber and a fabric layer. After planting, the fabric slowly dissolves so the seeds can germinate while the fibrous layer decomposes and …

Instant Flower Bed Roll-Out Seed Mats (3-Pack)

Flower Bed Seed Mats (3-Pack)

Highlights

Unroll the pre-seeded carpet, cover with potting soil, water, and watch colorful flowers grow and decorate the garden with beautiful blooms

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Product Details

Instant Flower Bed Roll-Out Seed Mats (3-Pack)
Specifics
  • Flowers include: scarlet flax, candytuft, cosmos, catchfly, and other
  • Sunlight exposure: partial sun
  • Annual
  • Water daily or 2 times per day
  • Blooming periods: spring – summer
  • Seeds will sprout/germinate after 10-14 days, depending on water, and soil temp
  • Blooms should appear 4-6 weeks after germination
  • Estimated height when fully grown: 8”–24”
  • Seed planting instructions
  • Gardening and lawn care type: garden tools and accessories
  • Planting guide
Good to Know
  • Planting guide
  • Multi-color seed mats include three 7’ (L) x 7.5” (W) pre-seeded garden rolls containing over 12,000 seeds
  • Can be cut to any size
  • 100% biodegradable
  • Better seed germination
  • Promotes growth
  • Protects against insects and pests
  • Easy-to-plant
  • No tools required
  • Made in the USA

Planting flowers takes more than some digging and occasional watering. Read through this buying guide for tips on how to grow a healthy, colorful garden.

For post-purchase inquiries, please contact customer support.

Sold by Groupon Goods. View the FAQ to learn more.

Instant Flower Bed Roll-Out Seed Mats (3-Pack)

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cal mag for weed

How to Prevent Nitrogen, Calcium & Magnesium Deficiencies (N & Cal-Mag)

Here’s the short-and-sweet, cheat-sheet version:

  • Bottom leaves are wilting, turning yellow, and falling off on their own
  • Plant is in the flowering stage
  • Leaves are dark green
  • Leaf tips are clawed

You may need a Cal-Mag supplement if…

  • Using reverse osmosis (RO) or soft water
  • Growing in coco coir
  • Your plant is showing a deficiency in Calcium (brown spots), Magnesium (lower leaves turn yellow between the veins) or Iron (bright yellow new growth) even though the pH is correct
  • Some growers always include a Cal-Mag supplement

Cannabis plants grow best when they’re getting the nutrients they need at the right time. Humans are the same way; if we’re missing certain vitamins it limits our growth when we’re young, and as we get older a lack of vitamins causes us to become sick in strange ways. Conversely, humans can also run into problems when they get an overabundance of vitamins.

Just like humans with vitamins, giving cannabis too high levels of nutrients can also cause problems. Like many things in life, cannabis plants (and plants in general) need a sort of balance.

Luckily, for the most part, cannabis plants are not too picky about nutrients despite what nutrient companies might have you believe.

Cannabis is generally not that picky about nutrients, except for a few…

Your cannabis plants can tolerate a wide range of environments, but there are a few nutrients which tend to cause problems more often than others. If these nutrients aren’t present in the correct amounts, it will affect your growth rates, as well as the quality and quantity of your buds.

That being said, most of the time, nutrient deficiencies are caused by the wrong root pH, not from needing more nutrients.

Most nutrient deficiencies are caused by the wrong root pH, but sometimes you actually need to add more or less of a particular nutrient for plants to grow their best.

A few major nutrients often cause problems that are not related to pH. Although pH can be the culprit, these nutrients often need to be provided in higher or lower doses to prevent deficiencies/toxicities.

Many growers need more or less of these nutrients for proper cannabis growth and bud formation:

Nitrogen (N)

First, there’s nitrogen…Nitrogen makes up more of your plant (as a percentage of dry mass) than pretty much any other nutrient or mineral, and it plays a hand in many plant processes.

Without an external source of nitrogen, your plant cannot grow past its first or second set of leaves. Nitrogen is that important to growth and photosynthesis.

With nitrogen, you can get both deficiencies and toxicities.

Here’s what to look out for…

Symptoms of Nitrogen Deficiency

Lower growth on the plant turns yellow and sometimes the yellow leaves get brown splotches.

Affected leaves become soft and start wilting.

Once the leaf has wilted, it sometimes dries up and turns crispy.

Leaves fall off the plant on their own; a gentle tug will remove affected leaves.

If left unchecked, a nitrogen deficiency will climb up the plant.

There are other nutrient problems that cause the lower leaves of a cannabis plant to turn yellow, but only a nitrogen deficiency causes leaves to become soft enough to fall off on their own.

It is normal to lose a few leaves to nitrogen deficiencies here and there, especially if you have a lot of lower leaves that are receiving low amounts of light. It’s also normal to see nitrogen deficiencies in the second half of the flowering stage as the plants are focusing on buds instead of leaves.

However, if you see a nitrogen deficiency early in the plant’s life, or if you’re losing tons of leaves at once, a nitrogen deficiency needs to be addressed immediately.

But it’s not just too little nitrogen that causes problems. Often, you’ll see problems caused by too much nitrogen; a nitrogen toxicity.

Symptoms of Nitrogen Toxicity

Leaves can become dark green and sometimes shiny looking

Tips of leaves are bent sharply down in what’s known as “the Claw.”

Buds grow slowly and final taste/smell is not as good as normal.

Leaf tips pointing down from nitrogen toxicity

Here’s what a nitrogen toxicity looks like during flowering. This much nitrogen during the budding stage will cause buds to develop more slowly and reduce overall yields. Plus, nitrogen-burnt buds tend to carry a “hay” or “fresh-cut grass” taste/smell even after being harvested and cured.

Many new growers accidentally give their plants too much Nitrogen, especially in the flowering stage

As a grower, you’re interested in how much nitrogen to give your plants at a specific time. The ratio of nitrogen to other nutrients has a huge effect on growth and bud formation.

Vegetative Stage – higher levels of nitrogen (pretty much any plant food will do)

Most complete plant foods that you get at a gardening store contain high levels of nitrogen (N). These nutrient systems tend to work well in the vegetative stage.

Some examples of cannabis-friendly one-part Vegetative nutrient systems…

Pretty much any complete plant food

Flowering Stage – lower levels of Nitrogen (use “Bloom” or Cactus nutrients)

It’s extra important to find a nutrient system with lower levels of nitrogen for the last part of your plant’s life. Many “Bloom” or “Flowering” style base nutrients are just the ticket.

Some examples of good one-part Flowering nutrient systems…

If you can’t order online and can’t find a good one-part base Bloom formula locally, you do have other choices. Though not an ideal choice, most Cactus plant foods will contain good nutrient ratios for growing cannabis during the budding stage. So in a pinch, you can use the cactus nutrients that can be found at most gardening stores.

Ok now that you’ve got a handle on nitrogen….

Cal-Mag: Calcium (Ca) & Magnesium (Mg)
and their cousin Iron (Fe)…

Calcium and magnesium often come together in a “Cal-Mag” supplement. These nutrients work together with iron in many plant processes, so iron is usually included in any Cal-Mag supplement.

Calcium, magnesium and iron are incredibly important to photosynthesis (making energy from light) and maintaining the structure of the plant. When things go wrong, you’ll often see multiple deficiencies at the same time while plant growth slows to a halt.

Why do these three specific nutrients almost always come packaged together? Calcium, magnesium and iron are closely related when it comes to nutrient uptake. If there’s a deficiency of one, it can trigger deficiencies of the others. So, iron is always provided in the right ratio of calcium-to- magnesium-to-iron, to help prevent an imbalance.

Here’s what to look out for…

Symptoms of Calcium Deficiency

Appears at the top of the plant – new growth on your plant is spotted and unhealthy

Growth slows to a crawl

New leaves develop small brown spots that never go away

Buds develop more slowly

With a Calcium deficiency, newer leaves look like this, with tons of little spots. This one was found near the top of the plant under the light

This lower fan leaf is mostly in the shade, but the calcium deficiency appears near the edges that are getting light. Calcium deficiencies often show up on parts of the leaves that are still actively growing.

Symptoms of Magnesium Deficiency

Appears at the bottom of the plant on older growth (instead of on top like a calcium deficiency)

Leaves become light green between the veins and may develop small brown spots

Leaves eventually turn yellow and photosynthesis stops on the affected leaves

If left unchecked, a magnesium deficiency slowly kills bottom leaves, with problems climbing up the plant as magnesium is transferred from older leaves to newer parts of the plant

Leaves with a magnesium deficiency do not usually fall off the plant on their own (as they do with a nitrogen deficiency)

Symptoms of Iron Deficiency

All new growth on your plant will be yellow, sometimes bright yellow in extreme cases like below.

Growth is severely stunted on affected leaves.

Relatively rare compared to calcium and magnesium deficiencies, as they usually “take over” the plant.

This iron deficiency may have been caused by not enough calcium in the coco coir growing medium.

Do you need a “Cal-Mag” supplement?

Just because you’re seeing related deficiencies DOES NOT mean that you necessarily need a Cal-Mag supplement for your cannabis plants.

In addition to being at the heart of many plant problems, Calcium and Magnesium deficiencies are also some of the most commonly misdiagnosed problems by indoor cannabis growers. I’ve seen growers prescribe Cal-Mag for almost everything, from slow growth to nitrogen deficiencies.

Cal-Mag is only needed for certain situations, and there’s no reason to add extra Cal-Mag if you’re not actually trying to fix something. This isn’t a “supplement” that will make your plants grow faster. It’s only useful in preventing nutrient deficiencies. That being said, a lot of cannabis growers include Cal-Mag in every grow and it

These things can trigger what appear to be Cal-Mag deficiencies – fix the problem and many deficiencies will go away…

PH is too high or low

Uneven moisture levels in the soil or growing medium

Too-high levels of N-P-K nutrients

Anything that negatively affects the ability of nutrients to travel through the plant can trigger Cal-Mag related deficiencies, even when the minerals are actually there near the roots.

That’s why it’s important to maintain correct humidity levels, and avoid letting some parts of the growing medium get wetter than others (best results are achieved by making sure all parts of the growing medium are equally wet).

More importantly, when you’re faced with a deficiency, check the pH levels of your rootzone. A surprising number of issues with pH are misdiagnosed and end up needlessly costing growers money. These charts will tell you what range is needed to uptake each nutrient: Soil and Hydro

Be careful not to overfeed plants in an attempt to keep away deficiencies. When plants are being bombarded with too-high levels of nutrients it can cause several strange leaf problems, with apparent signs of calcium, magnesium and iron deficiencies commonly showing up.

But sometimes you’ll see Cal-Mag deficiencies even when taking care of all the above problems. And there are several situations where a Cal-Mag supplement becomes necessary for healthy cannabis growth.

Add extra Cal-Mag when…

Growing in coco coir (coco coir tends to lock out calcium for cannabis, so extra Cal-Mag should be provided for at least the first two weeks of cannabis growth, and possibly throughout the grow)

Using RO water (Reverse Osmosis water is completely pure, and doesn’t contain any extra calcium, magnesium or iron)

Using “soft” or heavily purified water

Cal-Mag deficiencies are still appearing even after taking care of all the environmental triggers listed above

That’s it! You are now versed on some of the most important cannabis nutrients! Following the tips in this article will help you achieve the fastest growth and biggest yields possible!

Nitrogen, calcium and magnesium cause the most common cannabis nutrient deficiencies. Learn what to look out for and how to protect your cannabis plants!

Deficiency and excess of Calcium in cannabis plants

Calcium and cannabis

First symptoms of Ca deficiency

Calcium is a very important secondary nutrient given the large amount of this element that the plant needs during its entire life cycle. From the very beginning, and already in the seed germination stage, calcium takes direct part in root development and protein synthesis. It’s absorbed by the roots in the form of Ca++ ion.

It also gives support to other elements that, when combined, participate in different metabolic processes such as the creation of vitamins – in this case, vitamin B12. These vitamins will join and form part of the cellular walls of the plant tissues, making them stronger to attacks from pathogens, and keeping their cells active and vital.

The role of calcium in cannabis plants

  • Calcium is necessary for the growth of the cell walls of the root system
  • It ‘s an immobile element
  • It enhances the decomposition process of organic matter, improving nutrient uptake by the plant
  • It acts as bridge between humus and nutrients

Symptoms of intermediate Ca deficiency

Calcium deficiency

Calcium is an element easily found in the soil, so due its high availability for the plants we usually don’t find imbalances of this component except in very acidic soils.

Deficiencies can normally be more present in hydroponic crops due to the use of inert substrates (coco-coir, clay pebbles, rock wool, mapito. ) or when we don’t use substrate, as is the case of aeroponic systems.

In these cases, we must check that the calcium intake of cannabis plants is correct to prevent deficiencies in the early stages. Many of the fertilisers that we can find on the market have calcium, but sometimes it isn’t enough to avoid deficiencies, particularly if you are using reverse osmosis water, which doesn’t contain nutrients.

In this case (RO) you will have to prepare the nutrient solution in a different way: before adding any other fertiliser, pour two parts of calcium per one of magnesium until reaching an EC value from 0.0 to 0.3-0.4.

Visible symptoms of calcium deficiency in cannabis plants

  • The youngest leaves of the plant are the first to be visibly affected
  • The growth of the upper part of the plant is slowed down
  • The root system is also affected, what reduces nutrient uptake
  • As the deficiency progresses, the youngest leaves turn yellowish and become deformed
  • Bud development is seriously reduced

To control the calcium deficiency we can perform foliar applications of Ca with a Ph of 7.2 directly on the affected leaves. We can also add calcium and magnesium to the nutrient solution, increasing the initial EC value in 0.2 points during about five days.

Calcium excess in cannabis plants

Serious Ca deficiency

The excess of calcium is difficult to detect and causes a lock-out of various nutrients such as potassium, magnesium, manganese and iron. In different hydroponic growing systems, and when there is calcium excess in the tank it comes in contact with the sulphur of the nutrient solution, this calcium precipitates and remains on the bottom of the tank.

In this circumstance, you will have to change the nutrient solution of the tank.

Calcium is an element that is directly related to the transpiration of plants. This transpiration control comes, in essence, from the roots and the stomata, which are located on the leaves. It can happen that the stomata are closed by an excess of heat, causing a superficial burn which could be confused with a symptom of calcium deficiency.

It should also be noted that, with a deficiency of this element, plants are always more susceptible to heat stress given that calcium contributes in the protein creation, which make plants more resistant to high temperatures.

How to supply cannabis plants with calcium

As we have already mentioned, if you are using osmosis water for watering your plants you should add calcium and magnesium before adding fertilisers to the nutrient solution. Since osmosis water doesn’t contain any nutrients, your initial EC value will always be 0.0.

Fertilisers for marijuana plants already contain the necessary micro-elements for the life of the plant, but there are nutrients such as calcium or magnesium which should be present in higher concentrations – especially at the early stages – to ensure that marijuana plants have everything they need to develop properly.

Tap water with an EC range of 0.3-0.4 is perfect, since this EC level is suitable to make the mix with fertilisers and ensure right amounts of Ca and Mg in the nutrient solution. It should be noted that, depending on the grown strain, it may be necessary to add extra calcium and magnesium during the flowering stage to prevent deficiencies from the 4th – 5th week, when plants are in full bloom.

In this case, this extra supply is important so, on the one hand, plants can reduce any kind of stress during the entire crop, and on the other hand we’ll harvest the best possible quality and quantity of buds. For these cases you can use Aptus Regulator during the entire crop, reducing the water needs of the plant to up to a 30% while making them more resistant to dehydration caused by high temperatures or periods of drought.

Identifying calcium deficiency in cannabis plants

Ca deficiency in lower and older leaves of the plant

Example of the condition of a plant with calcium deficiency

In this post we show you how to identify calcium deficiency in your plants. This nutrient imbalance is difficult to detect, so you must pay close atte

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nevada hemp laws

Is CBD oil legal in Nevada?

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Contents

  1. What is CBD?
  2. Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
  3. Nevada CBD laws
  4. Where to buy CBD in Nevada
  5. How to read CBD labels and packaging

Yes, most forms of cannabis are legal in Nevada, including hemp-derived cannabidiol (CBD) may be manufactured and sold if it complies with federal law that defines hemp, and with state law governing licensing and production.

Nevada legalized medical marijuana in 2000 with the Nevada Medical Marijuana Act, and in 2016 voters passed the Initiative to Regulate and Tax Marijuana, or Question 2, ushering in the era of legal adult-use marijuana.

In June 2019, Democratic Gov. Steve Sisolak approved SB 209, which requires the Nevada Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) to develop and impose regulations on testing and labeling hemp products. The bill also restricts products containing hemp-derived CBD intended for human consumption unless they comply with the protocols and procedures regarding testing and labeling.

CBD oil is legal in Nevada if it doesn’t cross into questionable territory. A recent presentation by the Nevada Department of Agriculture (NDA) stated “selling CBD oil that has not been combined with other food appears to be acceptable” as long as there are no medical claims associated with the product.

What is CBD?

CBD is the second-most-prominent cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant after THC. Unlike THC, CBD is non-intoxicating and produces no high. The cannabinoid also shows potential as a therapeutic treatment, thanks to its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety, and seizure suppressing properties.

Why is CBD sometimes illegal?

Even though industrial hemp doesn’t produce enough THC to intoxicate consumers, all varieties of cannabis, including hemp, were swept into the category of Schedule 1 narcotics by the 1970 Federal Controlled Substances Act. The law defined cannabis as a substance with no accepted medical use, a likelihood for addiction, and a high potential for abuse.

Laws and regulations regarding CBD are evolving nationwide. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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In 2018, Congress passed the Farm Bill and legalized hemp cultivation, creating a pathway to remove cannabis from Schedule 1. The Farm Bill defined hemp as cannabis that contains less than 0.3% THC by weight and marijuana as cannabis with more than 0.3%.

Hemp-derived CBD was thus removed from its Schedule 1 designation, but CBD derived from the federally illegal marijuana plant is still considered federally illegal, too. Hemp is considered an agricultural commodity, but must be produced and sold under specific federal regulations, which were not finalized when hemp was legalized.

The Farm Bill also endowed the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) with the ability to regulate CBD’s labeling, therapeutic claims, and presence in foods or drinks. Despite the Farm Bill’s passage, the FDA has issued a directive that no CBD, not even hemp-derived, may be added to food or beverages or marketed as a dietary supplement.

As time passes, the FDA has begun re-evaluating that stance on CBD products but has yet to revise rules or specifically regulate CBD products. The FDA’s slow movement has created further confusion on the state level. The FDA has historically been strict when it comes to health claims or content that could be understood as medical advice, and makes no exception for CBD.

Hemp production and sale, including its cannabinoids and CBD specifically, remain tightly regulated federally. The Farm Bill provides that individual states may also regulate and even prohibit CBD cultivation and commerce. States may attempt to regulate CBD in food, beverage, dietary supplements, and cosmetic products independently of the FDA’s rules.

Nevada CBD laws

Nevada is developing regulations to comply with the 2018 Farm Bill. As the state works on new regulations to submit to the USDA, the industrial hemp program in Nevada will be “business as usual,” according to the agriculture department, with the state continuing to enforce current regulations and process registration for growers and handlers.

Licensing requirements for CBD

Licensing for hemp growers, producers, and handlers is managed by the NDA. Growers cannot be convicted of a drug-related felony within five years of the application date. If a grower meets all of the necessary application requirements, they are issued a license, which remains valid through the calendar year ending December 31. Once approved, growers must submit to a preliminary inspection of the site where hemp is being grown in the area specified in the application and a compliance inspection to analyze the crop for THC concentration within 15 days of harvest.

The current application fee for growers is a nonrefundable $500 plus $5 per acre for outdoor operations, or $0.33 per 1,000 square feet of indoor operations. Payments are required when the NDA approves the application.

New formulations of CBD allow the cannabinoid to be used in a variety of ways. Photo by: (Gina Coleman/Weedmaps)

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Testing requirements

All industrial hemp must be tested to ensure THC content is less than 0.3%. If the crop tests between 0.4% and 1% THC, the grower has the option to retest. Anything that tests higher than 1% THC is considered marijuana. Invoices for all testing costs are sent from the state to the grower, including time for inspection, mileage and sample analysis. Following testing and any applicable retesting, crops found to contain a THC concentration greater than 0.3% will be considered illegal marijuana and will be destroyed by the state.

Labeling requirements

Although the state has established labeling requirements for marijuana products, there are no established requirements for hemp-derived products, including CBD oil. According to the FDA, CBD oil may not be used as an ingredient in food, beverages, or dietary supplements. Labels also may not make any nutritional or therapeutic claims.

Nevada CBD possession limits

Currently, there are no clear possession limits for CBD oil or other hemp-derived CBD products.

Where to buy CBD in Nevada

CBD oil and other hemp-derived CBD products are available in a variety of retail stores and online, as well as through delivery services. The manufacturing and sale of CBD remain largely unregulated, so it’s important to research manufacturers and sellers to ensure the CBD products are from a reputable source.

How to read CBD labels and packaging

Because CBD legality is still a gray area, there are no clear regulations around the production, sale, and labeling of CBD products, including CBD oil. However, most reputable CBD producers will typically include the following information on their CBD product labels:

  • Amount of active CBD per serving.
  • Supplement Fact panel, including other ingredients.
  • Net weight or volume.
  • Manufacturer or distributor name.
  • Suggested use.
  • Full spectrum, broad spectrum, or isolate.
  • Batch or date code.

Is CBD oil legal in Nevada? Copy article link to clipboard. Link copied to clipboard. Contents What is CBD? Why is CBD sometimes illegal? Nevada CBD laws Where to buy

Hemp-CBD Across State Lines: Nevada

The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (2018 Farm Bill) legalized hemp by removing the crop and its derivatives from the definition of marijuana under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) and by providing a detailed framework for the cultivation of hemp. The 2018 Farm Bill gives the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) regulatory authority over hemp cultivation at the federal level. In turn, states have the option to maintain primary regulatory authority over the crop cultivated within their borders by submitting a plan to the USDA.

This federal and state interplay has resulted in many legislative and regulatory changes at the state level. Indeed, most states have introduced (and adopted) bills that would authorize the commercial production of hemp within their borders. A smaller but growing number of states also regulate the sale of products derived from hemp. Our attorneys track these developments in real-time on behalf of multiple clients, and we provide a 50-state matrix showing how states regulate hemp and hemp products.

In light of the rapidly evolving legislative changes, we are also presenting a 50-state series analyzing how each jurisdiction treats hemp-derived cannabidiol (Hemp CBD). Today we turn to Nevada.

Pursuant to the 2014 U.S. Farm Bill, the 2015 Nevada Senate Bill 305, the 2016 Nevada Senate Bill 396, and the 2019 Nevada Senate Bill 209, industrial hemp and Hemp-CBD products may be produced in Nevada under the supervision of the Nevada Department of Agriculture (“NDA”) so long as the crop and its finished products contain no more than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (“THC”).

The sale of Hemp-CBD products is allowed under Nevada law. However, not every category of Hemp-CBD products may be lawfully sold in the state. The Nevada Department of Health and Human Services (“DHHS”), along with many county Departments of Health, have publicly adopted the Food and Drug Administration (“FDA“)’s position on the sale and marketing of CBD in foods and dietary supplements. Some, including the Washoe County Health District, have taken enforcement actions by seizing these products from local stores. In addition, the state’s Division of Public and Behavioral Health (“DPBH”) recently published guidelines that further reiterate that only hemp ingredients generally recognized as safe (“GRAS“) can be lawfully sold in the state.

Although the sale of CBD-infused foods and dietary supplements is strictly prohibited in the state, the sale of other categories of products, such as CBD-infused smokables and cosmetics, is neither expressly authorized nor prohibited.

Chapter 557 of the Nevada Revised Statutes (“NRS”) legalized the sale of Hemp-CBD products “intended for human consumption,” which means “intended for ingestion or inhalation by a human or for topical application to the skin or hair of a human”, so long as these products meet specific testing requirements. See NRS 557(270)(4)(b). Both the NDA and the DHHS have been tasked with developing regulations on this issue; however, according to the Department of Agriculture’s Industrial Hemp FAQs, the agency does not regulate processed finished Hemp-CBD products for human consumption; the FDA and the DHHS do. It’s worth noting that while the DHHS regulates the sale of foods and dietary supplements, it does not oversee the sale of cosmetics, which are regulated by the DPBH. As of the date if this post, neither the DHHS nor the DPBH have adopted testing rules, which means the sale and marketing of these categories of products remain uncertain, unregulated, and therefore, risky in Nevada.

For previous coverage in this series, check out the links below:

  • Alabama
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  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
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  • Louisiana
  • Maine
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  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
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Nathalie Bougenies

Nathalie practices corporate law, intellectual property, and cannabis law, focusing on the regulatory framework of hemp-derived CBD products. She enjoys building a deep understanding of our clients’ businesses, industries, and long-term visions, and leverages her broad expertise and international background to help our overseas companies with their foreign direct investment…

Hemp-CBD Across State Lines: Nevada The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (2018 Farm Bill) legalized hemp by removing the crop and its derivatives from the definition of marijuana under the

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how to top a marijuana plant

Topping Cannabis Guide: How to Top Your Plants

Cutting Cannabis For Better Structure: “Topping”

Topping is a cannabis plant training techniques that involves cutting off the top of a main stem. The technique is designed to give you a free way to create more colas as well as spread out the plant so you can take advantage of all your light. As a result, topping can help you achieve bigger marijuana yields!

Most plants naturally only have one main stem. The idea of “topping” is to cut off the top of a main stem to split it into two.

The two growth tips that remain will each develop into their own stem. Each stem can turn into a bud/cola in the flowering stage, so by topping the plant once or a few times, you increase the total number of buds sites under the grow light, and it also helps you keep the plant flat and wide.

It you let a marijuana plant grow naturally, it will usually grow one main stem

But if you top the plant when it’s young, you can cause it to grow multiple colas in basically the same amount of time! This often lets you grow more bud in the same amount of space with the same grow light.

…In the same amount of vertical space as a plant like this

All plant training techniques are designed to help growers get a more desirable plant shape and bigger yields without changing other aspects of their grow. For example, cannabis plants don’t naturally grow in a way that takes full advantage of indoor grow lights – a lot of light is wasted when cannabis plants are allowed to grow naturally without training.

Because of this, cannabis plant training techniques like topping are especially effective at increasing yields in indoor grow setups by creating a bushier plant with extra colas.

Notice how these plants have many colas instead of just one – this is due to using plant training techniques like topping.

Learn about FIMing, a very similar plant training technique that removes slightly “less off the top” but still results in multiple colas.

In the above example, the plant on the left was allowed to grow naturally, which resulted in the classic “Christmas tree” shape that’s not very efficient under indoor grow lights. The plant on the right was topped as a seedling. This broke the dominance of the main cola, and the plant started putting out multiple colas.

With topping, the growth tips that become new colas are already present. They just get bigger and become colas because topping breaks the symmetry of the plant and exposes these growth tips to light and air. Instead of focusing on just one cola, the plant starts focusing on many growth tips until they become colas.

Topping Involves Removing or Damaging Top Growth – This Reveals Hidden Growth Tips and Signals Plants to Start Putting Energy Into Them

By damaging the main stem, topping encourages the plant to spend energy growing many colas instead of focusing on just one.

Lower growth nodes will become new colas once they’re exposed to light and air, but they develop much faster when the main cola’s dominance is broken by topping.

Notice how these growth tips have started developing and rising up after plant is topped (the fan leaves have been removed so you can see the new colas more easily)

Here’s an example of a plant that was topped at a late age, after it had already grown 8 nodes. Although you might not get quite as good results as if you had topped it earlier, it still definitely increased the total number of colas and improved the yields!

Topping Quick Summary

  • Cut off top of plant at stem in between nodes
  • Creates 2 main colas at the top of the plant, and LST can be used to create more
  • New colas are evenly spaced (attached to the stem in the same place)
  • Can be used to reduce the height of plant in vegetative page
  • Can slow down growth for a day or two

This video shows the whole cannabis topping process, in timelapse format. The lower growth tips begin to rise up, and each of these can produce even more main colas.

Here’s a video showing what a plant looks like after being topped (time-lapse of about 2 weeks)

You will end up with a wider, bushier plant that doesn’t grow just one main cola in a Christmas tree shape.

Some growers will use several phases of topping to produce cannabis plants with dozens of colas. Some techniques take this to the extreme, for example manifolding (also sometimes called “main-lining”) is a technique that uses topping several times to make a cannabis “manifold.”

Important: Don’t Top Too Early!

With both topping, you remove some of the growth on the end of a cola of a young marijuana plant, which causes the plant to stop focusing on one cola (like a Christmas tree) and instead to create many bud-laden colas (grow more bushy).

If you top the plant too early, it will have a hard time recovering. It may seem like a good idea, but you will get the best results and fastest recover if you wait until the plant has 4-5 nodes.

Wait Until Plant Has At Least 4-5+ Nodes – Topping a Too-Young Seedling Can Slow Down Growth. Waiting a Few More Days to Cut Can Result in a Much Faster Recovery.

Growers use the plant’s natural response to topping to produce short bushy plants with many colas. After the plant has been switched to the flowering stage, the widespread of colas allows the plant to efficiently use indoor grow lights to produce the biggest yields possible.

If you choose to use either of these methods, you will get the best results by doing it when the plant is young, usually when it has around 4-5 total nodes formed.

These young cannabis plants are almost ready to be topped

You get great results by breaking the tendency of the plant to grow one main cola while the plant is still short, because you can arrange your multiple colas however you want as the plant develops, instead of dealing with a Christmas tree shaped plant.

You can also top your plant later in the vegetative stage, but you will have a longer main stalk, giving you less ability to arrange the colas the way you want.

After being topped, your plant will need some time spent recovering in the vegetative stage, though generally this just causes the plant to ‘fill out’ more instead of growing taller, which is often desirable for indoor growers.

This plant was trained for

2 dozen colas in the vegetative stage

Important: Don’t Top in the Flowering Stage; It’s Too Late!

Topping should only be used in the vegetative stage! In fact, any training technique that involves cutting or damaging your plant should only be done in the vegetative stage of cannabis growth, and never during the flowering/budding stage.

In the flowering stage, only gentle training techniques such as LST or bending should ever be used to change the shape of the plant.

A plant with many colas can only be achieved by training a plant from early in the vegetative stage

Cannabis plants are much less tough in the flowering stage, and they no longer are growing vegetatively (producing new stems or colas).

If you watch a plant in the flowering stage, you’ll see that it doesn’t get taller or develop growth nodes. It only “focuses” on making buds. Topping at this point won’t do any good. Damaging your plant during the budding stage will usually cause a reduction in your final yields.

By the time your plants are in the flowering stage, much of the growth structure has already been created, and you generally need to try to manage as best you can if your plant has grown into a shape you don’t like.

What if my plant is already too tall in the flowering stage?

If your plant is already too tall in the flowering stage for your grow setup, you’ve got to take immediate action to prevent the plant from getting any taller.

My suggestion is to use bending (LST) your plant to control the height of further growth.

Once flowering is fully underway (after the initial flowering stretch), the plant will not grow much taller, so you can just try to hang on until harvest.

How Can You Tell That Your Plant is Diverting Energy to New Colas?

Almost immediately after topping, the connections to each node become enlarged at the base.

These thickened connections shows thatshow cannabis plant is spreading energy more evenly across the whole plant.

When you see your plant thicken connections like this, it means that the plant is strengthening the “internal system” of the stem, so it’s easeir to deliver nutrients and other building blocks. This results in faster growth, bigger colas, and increased yields for each of the affected stems.

The thickening that happens at the base of stems is one sign that the plant is diverting energy to the new colas (where before it was putting the majority of its energy into just the one main cola).

As time goes on, the most used stems can become so thick they’re almost like tree trunks.

How to Top Your Cannabis Plant

When topping your cannabis, you cut off a growing node of the plant, reducing the height instantly. This can be especially beneficial if you’ve let your plant get too tall. Topping also increases the number of colas, which can give you more bud at harvest,

When topping your marijuana plant, it’s best to top the plant when it is young, and has 4-5 nodes (sets of leaves) in total. Although you could do it a little earlier, you’re more likely to accidentally stunt your plant the younger it is.

“Topping” the plant means cutting off the newest node on your marijuana plant’s main cola in order to split it into two. However the word topping can also refer to cutting of the tip of any stem.

A good place to top is directly above the leaves of the next node.In other words, cut through the stem right above its next set of leaves from the top.

This will cause your plant to transfer its energy to two new main colas, as indicated by the two yellow dots in the diagram above.

14-day Timelapse Video of a Cannabis Plant’s Recover After Being Topped

These 2 new colas for a V which can easily be bent to spread wide. You can top these two new colas a few weeks later and have 4 total colas. This can even be doubled to produce 8 colas that all come from a single “manifold.” Learn more about manifolding cannabis.

Another benefit of topping is how the plant tends to grow bushier afterwards, spreading its energy much more evenly around to the whole plant.

Often lower branches rise up to become new main colas. This is especially true if you combine Topping with LST to open up the plant so the lower branches get more light.

If you’ve grown a very tall plant, it’s also possible to top your (vegetative) plant down to the node you want to reduce the height, but remember that all the time the plant spent getting tall will be lost. In order to get the most flexible colas, without losing vegetative time, try to top early in the plant’s life

If you’re still in the vegetative (non-budding) stage and plants are growing way too tall, you can top the plant immediately to remove height as needed. The time spent growing the extra growth will be lost, so this may add time to the veg stage.

If you want to top the plant multiple times, you may be interested in learning about main-lining (creating a manifold – a plant training technique).

Topping Cannabis Guide: How to Top Your Plants Cutting Cannabis For Better Structure: “Topping” Topping is a cannabis plant training techniques that involves cutting off the top of a main

Topping Cannabis Plants: Why, When & How

Topping is a central and fundamental plant training practice. It enables you to train your plants to grow horizontally and make the most efficient use of the light. In this article we explain the science of apical dominance and the reasons why you should top cannabis plants. We provide simple instructions for when to top cannabis plants to avoid stunting and get the best results. Topping is actually rather simple and any grower can master it. We offer useful advice for how to top cannabis plants.

Topping is a “high-stress” training technique which entails removing the top growth tip from the main stem or a branch. Many growers are concerned that cutting the top off their young plants may slow their grow down, however, when done properly, topping is a critical method to fill the canopy faster and reduce vegetation times.

Why Top Your Plants:

Cannabis plants typically grow tall and skinny, much like a Christmas tree. Without training, they have minimal lateral growth and concentrate most of their resources in one stem with one main cola. They display a phenomenon called “apical dominance”, which is the key factor that determines the directional growing characteristics of plants. Different types of apical dominance lead different plants to produce their patterns of both vertical and horizontal growth. This programming in plants is an evolutionary adaptation to their typical growing environments.

The landrace varieties that are the source of modern cannabis genetics are typically tall fast-growing annuals that are in competition with other plants for canopy space. Thus, they grow in a shape that is effective for that environment. However, we are not growing them in that environment!

There are other plants that grow flat and broad because they are adapted for environments where light is scarce. These plants serve as a better model for us to think about when trying to make the most effective use of overhead light. Ideally, we want low broad plants that harvest every photon of light energy available to them.

Apical Dominance and Auxins in Cannabis

Cannabis naturally grows like a Christmas Tree because its apical dominance is set for tall skinny growth. It is possible to achieve some degree of lateral growth dominance with nothing but low-stress training (LST), but the single most effective way to break the apical dominance in cannabis is to cut off the apex, by topping the plant.

The top or end shoot, which is the main growing point in plants, contains the hormones which control the functions for apical dominance. Auxins, are one hormone that appears to play a particularly significant role. The apical growth tip produces auxins, and they are transported through the phloem, always downward, where they inhibit the growth of lateral growth tips lower on the plant. The auxins prevent elongation of the growth-tips below the apex, however, they don’t travel long distances through the plant. Therefore, as the plant gets taller, the lowest branches become freed from the inhibiting effects of the auxins and begin developing. This produces the classic “Christmas tree” shape.

The Topping Technique

Topping allows us to manipulate the growth patterns of the plant by removing top apical growth tips where auxins are produced. This is called, “breaking the apical dominance”, and it allows lateral branches to develop. Many plant training practices such as manifolding and mainlining, rely on topping as a component technique. However, it can also be used on its own to break apical dominance and train cannabis plants.

When To Top Cannabis Plants:

We generally recommend that you wait until your cannabis plants have 6 nodes before topping them. This ensures that they get adequate stem and root development before the shock of topping. Because of the nature of how auxins behave and what is most efficient for light, we recommend topping the plant above the 4 th, 5 th or 6 th node.

Simple instructions for topping cannabis plants to increase growth & yield. We explain the science of apical dominance so you can top with confidence!

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Climate Control Knob

Climate Control Knob

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    Looking for options to protect your car or make it more comfortable? Wright Restyling is your one-stop-shop for automobile accessory installations and repairs such as remote starters, car audio, radar detectors, laser jammers, rear cameras, vehicle security, cruise controls, heated seats, backup alarms and parking aids, etc. Operating from our location with Calgary, Wright Restyling is proud to provide our professional services and installation expertise at affordable rates.

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    We have access to many of the materials found in today’s vehicles as well as reproduction fabrics from older vintage cars through our supplier network. Comfort solutions are also available, such as seat heaters and lumbar support systems. Whether you are looking to have a small repair done or change the look of your interior completely we can help!

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    dc weed express delivery washington, dc

    How To Get Weed Delivered In DC

    420 DC
    Nov 21, 2018 · 3 min read

    If you’ve ever been in your home, hotel or dorm and wanted to get weed delivered but didn’t know where to start you’re not alone. Even with the growth of the cannabis scene in DC it can still be confusing on how to actually get it delivered to your door. We wanted to make it as simple as possible so here it is.

    Visit 420DC.com & Explore Delivery Services

    Contact & Place Your Order

    Here we have a wide-variety of profes s ional weed delivery services that provide high-quality products & reliable service. You can filter brands by flower, concentrate or edibles depending on what you’re looking for. You can read their profile to see a real-time menu of their products so you know exactly what’s in stock. We also have a number of services that provide 24/7 delivery or pickup so you can place an order to your home, hotel, dorm or meet them anywhere in between at anytime.

    Get A Deal

    Everyone loves a deal right! Well we offer a variety of deals so you can save big on your order and get cool freebies in return. Be sure to check out our available deals before you place your order so you can get even more bang for your buck!

    Every delivery service has a variety of ways that you can use to reach them to place an order. Most vendors provide a phone number that you can call or text. Others prefer to take orders on their personal websites where you can see their menu and schedule a time and place for delivery or pickup. But the easiest and most effective way is to use the contact button in their profile. All you need to do is create an account and you can message as many vendors as you like.

    Leave A Review!

    Reviews help everyone have a better experience. By leaving a review of your product and experience it helps customers know what to expect and it helps vendors to get feedback on their service. If you loved your weed let us know. If you hated it let us know. We want to hear from you. You can also upload an image of your goods for even more transparency.

    Best Weed Delivery Services In D.C.

    Be sure to check out our list of the best weed delivery services in D.C. These services are the highest rated by our audience and provide exceptional service and are available 24/7.

    Go to A Weed Event

    If you want to get out and see your product in person instead of having it delivered to you, you can check out one the many daily weed events that we publicize on our website. Just visit our events section where we publish them everyday by 1pm EST and share them on our facebook and twitter pages.

    Want to get weed delivered in DC. Here’s everything you need to know.

    DC Weed Delivery FAQ

    The Gentleman has compiled your most Frequently Asked Questions about DC Weed Delivery into a helpful, supplementary guide. Here, feast your eyeholes on these babies!

    Do I need to be a DC resident to use these weed delivery services? Nope! Any adult 21+ can use DC’s I71 gifting services.

    Do I need a medical marijuana card to use these weed delivery services? No medical card is required to use any of DC’s I71 gifting services. The city does have a medical marijuana program with six licensed dispensaries. You need a medical card to visit those, but they accept most out of state cards.

    Can I get weed delivered to my hotel in DC? My apartment? A nearby cafe? Yes, yes, and yes. The only place they aren’t allowed to deliver are federal grounds & buildings, like the National Mall. Federal land means federal law applies and cannabis is not yet federally legal. Many DC weed delivery services do not operate east of the Anacostia River, either, choosing to concentrate on the heavily trafficked downtown & tourist areas instead- like Dupont Circle, Georgetown, Foggy Bottom, Adams Morgan, H St, and so on.

    How long is my delivery going to take? Usually anywhere from 30 minutes to 2 hours. DC’s kind of a small city so it doesn’t really matter where you are, everybody’s gotta fight the same traffic to get to you. And have you seen these potholes? More like pot, uhhh…holes. Crap, I’m stoned.

    Pick-ups vs Delivery? Most services that do pick-ups require appointments, so it’s not necessarily faster than delivery, but you might get lucky! Of course, setting an appointment in advance is a great way to minimize your time getting weed and maximizing your time smoking weed, so it does pay to be organized…

    The gift weed delivery service wants me to send them a photo of my ID first? Lots of brands do this for age verification and their own security. It’s a fairly standard request. Trust, as they say, is a two-way sex dungeon. Wait, what?

    Who’s got the best/strongest weed in DC? The gifts available from most weed delivery services in DC change frequently, sometimes even daily, which is why I feature one almost every day on my Menus page from one of the brands I have personally vetted for consistent quality and professional service over the last…geez, going on four years now. Before that, I spent eight years making my living by approving and managing vendors for outside work, so you could say I have some previous experience at this sort of thing. I also care a lot- like, neurotically so- about what weed earns the Gentleman’s approval. FYI, THC percentage for flowers doesn’t matter that much past a certain threshold in my opinion.

    But I need that medical-grade weed! That’s not really a thing outside of California fifteen years ago, Mr. Duchovny. There’s no difference in quality or potency between recreational/adult-use and medical cannabis. Sorry to burst your bubble.

    That premium indoor! More sparkly trichomes equate to higher potency than outdoor or greenhouse grade marijuana, but Indoor doesn’t necessarily translate to “quality.”

    That AAA weed! Do I have to call security?

    I’m looking for a specific ratio of CBD:THC. Then you need a medical card. CBD flowers from DC gift marijuana delivery services or pop-ups are pretty rare. If you’re not a resident and a card isn’t an option, then your best bet is to put your science hat on and mix up the usual THC with readily available CBD-only products to figure out a combo that works for you.

    Is DC weed lab-tested? Sometimes. Steep Hill has a local office to test for cannabinoids & I understand they’ve recently added the capability to test for bacteria & microbials- a very exciting development! Some medical growers, like Abatin Wellness, have their own testing equipment for that, too.

    Look, lab testing is all well and good and science is important (assuming accurate data), so I’m all for it. But I can point to some lab-tested weed on Maryland medical marijuana shelves for months- months!– after it was reported that the grower had used unlicensed pesticides, or I could just paraphrase Tommy Boy and explain that I can write lab-tested on a box but that won’t make it good weed.

    What about the pop-up events? They’ve been getting raided by DC’s Metropolitan Police Department with regular frequency since late ’17. That makes me nervous about attending or advising you on where to go. I try to avoid dramatic scenes with armed gunmen as a general life rule.

    What about brick & mortar locations? There are several brands operating out of storefronts these days, like Street Lawyer Services, Gifted Curators, and Lifted.

    What’s the difference between I71 weed gifting storefronts and dispensaries? Dispensaries possess city licenses to operate, must use a seed-to-sale tracking system, and have all their products lab-tested. Storefronts (along with Delivery and Pick-Up services) only need to comply with Initiative 71 gifting rules.

    Does anyone still take credit cards? Few and far between these days. Scammers figured out they could argue the charge of their I71 purchases and get their money back. Once the payment processor got a chargeback request, though, they started going thru the brand’s account, saw what was going on, and kicked ’em off after freezing their funds. Some lost thousands of dollars this way and that’s why we can’t get airline miles for smoking weed anymore. Sigh. Now it’s mostly cash, but some take cryptocurrency and some take app payments.

    Do your gifts have what it takes to be featured on GentlemanToker.com? I’m the pickiest little pillow princess! I don’t review marijuana that produces an acrid smoke that irritates the mouth or throat or that smells like Ammonia, Hay, Must, Grass, Sweat, Chemicals, or has No Smell at all. If you think you can pass that bar, contact me here and we’ll schedule an evaluation of your flowers.

    Any other questions? Go ahead and shoot, hoss! The Gentleman’s discretion is assured.

    DC Weed Delivery FAQ The Gentleman has compiled your most Frequently Asked Questions about DC Weed Delivery into a helpful, supplementary guide. Here, feast your eyeholes on these babies! Do